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Composite Materials

by Filler Type

Presented by:
Josephine L. Suelto
ECE 3-1

Composite Materials
 Combination of two or more materials
 Designed to display a combination of the best
characteristics of each material
• fiberglass (strength from glass and flexibility from
the polymer)
 Bonded together (adhesive) or mechanically locked

reinforcing material or fillers .component that surrounds the fiber .hold the fiber in a favorable orientation  Fiber .Composite Materials  Composite = matrix + fiber  Matrix .

Classification of Composite Materials by Matrix:  Metal Matrix  Ceramic Matrix  Polymer (Resin) Matrix .

Classification of Composite Materials by Filler Type:  Particle-reinforced composites  Fiber-reinforced composites  Structural composites .

small mineral particles (ceramics and glasses) .a minute portion of matter .amorphous materials (polymers & carbon black) .Particle Reinforced Composites  Particle .any shape or size  Particles used are: .metal particles (aluminum) .no long dimension .

compressive and shear stresses.Particle Reinforced Composites  Particles are used to: . and to decrease the permeability and ductility of the matrix.extend the strength or other properties of inexpensive higher tensile. .increase the modulus of the matrix. . .

Particle Reinforced Composites  contain large amounts of comparatively large particles.  designed to produce unusual combinations of properties rather than to improve the strength .

Particle Reinforced Composites .

Particle Reinforced Composites .

Particle Reinforced Composites .

used as continuous lengths. ceramics. mineral substance. or polymers that have been turned into graphite or carbon fibers. or as whiskers  Reinforcing fibers are metals. glasses. in staple-fiber form.Fiber Reinforced Composites  Fiber .a thread or filament from which a vegetable tissue. .one long dimension . or textile is formed .

. their orientation and volume fraction .  Mechanical properties depend on: .degree of load application . .relatively expensive.Fiber Reinforced Composites  Fibers: .are difficult to process .have very high modulus of the matrix.length of of fiber .have strong covalent bonds along fiber’s length.

Highest strength and stiffness  Discontinuous Fibers .Fiber Alignment  Continuous Fibers .Used only for manufacturing economics .

Fiber Alignment .

Fiber Reinforced Composites  Aircrafts .

Fiber Reinforced Composites  Spacecraft .

Fiber Reinforced Composites  Racing sailboats .

Fiber Reinforced Composites  Racing cars .

Fiber Reinforced Composites  Tennis rackets .

Fiber Reinforced Composites  Wind turbines .

Continuous fibers pulled through resin tank. then preforming die & oven to cure .Composite Production Methods  Pultrusion .

Continuous filaments wound onto mandrel .Composite Production Methods  Filament Winding .

delivered in tape form to the manufacturer who then molds and fully cures the product without having to add any resin . .Composite Production Methods  Prepreg Production .composite industry’s term for continuous fiber reinforcement pre-impregnated with a polymer resin that is only partially cured.

Composite Production Methods .

youtube.Video Links:  Pultrusion:  Filament Winding:  Prepreg Process

Thank you for listening. .

jrank.html   %2FDesign_projs%2F96_97%2Fcomposite%2F  Various PowerPoint presentations .html  site=http%3A%2F%2Fpoisson.html 

Combination of two or more materials Two composite production methods ? A minute portion of matter which has no long dimension and comes in any shape or size 5. Combination of cobalt and tungsten carbide . 4. 2. Another term for reinforcing materials or fiber 6.Quiz 1. Strongest fiber alignment 7. 3.