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Vernier, Dial

,
and Electronic
Digital Calipers
Session 3

Parts of the Vernier
Caliper
Used to lock readings into place

Bar of 25-division
vernier scale graduated
same as micrometer
Manufactured with both 25- and
50-division vernier scales
Shop Tools and Technique

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Shop Tools and Technique

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Measuring a Workpiece



Remove all burrs from workpiece
Clean surface to be measured
Open jaws enough to pass over work
Close jaws against work and lock
right-hand clamp screw
• Turn adjusting screw until jaws just
touch work surface
• Lock clamp screw on movable jaw
• Read measurement
Shop Tools and Technique

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Inch Vernier Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 5 .

Inch Vernier Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 6 .

Inch Vernier Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 7 .

050 14 x 0.001 = . A vernier caliper reading of 1.464 in.000 = 1.Reading the Measurement 1 x 1.050 = .100 = . Shop Tools and Technique 8 .014 1.000 4 x 0.464 in.400 1 x 0.

each 10 mm • Fifty graduations on sliding scale with every fifth one numbered • 50 graduations occupy same space as 49 graduations on main scale (49 mm) • 1 vernier division = 0.Metric Vernier Caliper • Parts same as inch vernier • Main scale graduated in millimeters • Every main division numbered.02 mm Shop Tools and Technique 9 .98 mm so difference between 1 main scale division and 1 vernier division = .

Metric Vernier Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 10 .

Metric Vernier Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 11 .

Reading a Metric Vernier • Last numbered division on bar to left of vernier scale represents number of millimeters multiplied by 10 • Note how many full graduations showing between this numbered division and zero • Multiply number by 1 mm • Find line on vernier scale that coincides with line on bar and multiply by 0.02 mm • Add for total reading Shop Tools and Technique 12 .

Shop Tools and Technique 13 .

of travel Shop Tools and Technique 14 .200 in. • 1 revolution = .Dial Caliper • Dial indicator. hand attached to pinion. mounted on sliding jaw • Accurate to within 0.001 inch .100 or .

Dial Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 15 .

Dial Caliper Making OD Measurement Shop Tools and Technique 16 .

Dial Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 17 .

Dial Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 18 .

Dial Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 19 .

Dial Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 20 .

Dial Caliper Left Hand Version Shop Tools and Technique 21 .

028 0.528 Shop Tools and Technique 22 .028 0. •Reading is 0.Reading Dial Caliper • Read number to left of moveable jaw.500 inch • Read dial face •Reading is .500 + 0.

048 1.Reading Dial Caliper 1.348 Shop Tools and Technique 23 .300 + 0.

Reading Dial Caliper 2.100 + 0.133 Shop Tools and Technique 24 .033 2.

Reading Dial Caliper 54.34 54.34 Shop Tools and Technique 25 .00 + 0.

00 +0.Reading Dial Caliper 30.04 Shop Tools and Technique 26 .04 30.

Shop Tools and Technique 27 .

or 0.01 mm at touch of button • No rack. pinion or glass scale • Can connect to Statistical Process Control (SPC) equipment for inspection purposes Shop Tools and Technique 28 .0005 in.Digital Electronic Caliper • Can provide readings to resolution of .

Digital Electronic Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 29 .

Digital Electronic Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 30 .

Digital Electronic Caliper Shop Tools and Technique 31 .

Dial or Digital Caliper Base Attachments Shop Tools and Technique 32 .

slots and recesses • Read same as standard vernier caliper Shop Tools and Technique 33 .Vernier Depth Gage • Measures depths of holes.

Vernier Height Gage • Variety of sizes: • 12-72 in.02 mm) • Offset scriber • Attachment that permits setting heights from face of plate • Depth gage attachment Shop Tools and Technique 34 .001 in 0. or 300-1000 mm. • Accuracy .

Shop Tools and Technique 35 .

Vernier Height Gage Shop Tools and Technique 36 .

Dial Height Gage Shop Tools and Technique 37 .

Digital Height Gage Shop Tools and Technique 38 .

0001 in or 0.000-in (25-mm) • Bar raised or lowered by micrometer thimble graduated by steps . ground round steel bar • Measuring steps spaced at 1.Precision Height Gage • Provides quick and accurate method of setting any height within range of instrument • Eliminates need for calculating and assembling gage blocks • Surface plate used as reference surface • Made from hardened.002 mm • Can be used for precision inspection and also connected to statistical process control equipment Shop Tools and Technique 39 .

Precision Height Gage Shop Tools and Technique 40 .