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coordination

of human
life
PREPARED ByTanavi D. Chati

Coordination is the adjustment


of our bodys responses towards
any stimuli that involve several
parts of body.

IMPORTANCE OF BODY
COORDINATION
Enables all body organs to function as a
unit to detect stimuli and respond
towards them
Helping us to avoid injuries or dangers
Enables us to adapt to the changes
around us

COORDINATION SYSTEM OF HUMAN


COORDINATION
Nervous
Chemical
Central
Peripheral
Autonomic
Chemical
Center
control
Control
Coordinate
Coordination
coordination
Nervous
SYSTEM
messengers
Nervous
of
Nervous
Voluntary
involuntary
coordination
and
System
System
control
system
actions
actions
body process
LIFE

Neurone

A neurone is a basic unit of the nervous


system.
Function: to carry impulses from
receptor(sensory organs) to effector
(organ responding to perticular stimuli)

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM


It

is the control centre of the body.

Brain:

control all activities of the body


Spinal cord: control the reflex actions
It

receives impulses form the


acceptor/receptor (sensory organs),
interpret it and sends new impulse to the
acceptor (muscle and gland).

Impulse:

messages

the electrical signals carrying

Human Brain
CEREBRUM
CEREBRUM
-control
-control voluntary
voluntary
actions:
actions: mental
mental activity,
activity,
senses
senses and
and muscle
muscle
movement
movement
-Largest
-Largest part
part

MEDULLA
MEDULLA OBLONGATA
OBLONGATA
-connected
-connected to
to spinal
spinal cord
cord
-control
-control involuntary
involuntary actions
actions

CEREBELLUM
CEREBELLUM
-coordinate
-coordinate body
body
balance
balance
-coordinate
-coordinate muscle
muscle
movement
movement

DIFFERENT CONTROLLING PARTS IN THE


BRAIN
Speech

Smell and
taste

Motor
Thinking, centre
memory, (movement
)
learning

Touching
(sense in
skin and
muscle)
Hearing

Vision

REFLEX ACTION
(INVOLUNTARY)

Definition: automatic reaction by an external


stimulus without the involvement of thinking.

It takes place in the spinal cord.

The path of reflex action is called a reflex


arc.

B) PERIPHERAL NERVOUS
SYSTEM

Function: to transmit impulses from the sensory organ


or receptor through the central nervous system to the
muscle or the gland.

The peripheral nervous system is divided into:


Somatic nervous system: control all voluntary
actions
Spinal nerve: walking, scratching, writing
(limbs, skin and abdomen)
Cranial nerve: talking, smiling, seeing (head
and neck)

Autonomic nervous system: controls involuntary


actions (internal organs)

Chemical
coordination in
the body

Takes place by chemical messengers- Hormones


Hormones: chemical substances secreted by endocrine glands
directly into the bloodstream.

Characteristics:
Protein
Released in small quantities
Specific to target organs
Slow to respond

Endocrine glands (ductless glands): coordinate body activities in


respond to stimuli by secreting hormones.

NERVOUS
COORDINATION

DIFFERENCES

HORMONAL
COORDINATION

Neurones
(electrical impulse)

Consists of

Hormone (chemical
substances)

Nerve fibres

Impulses are sent


through

Blood circulatory system

Fast

Speed of impulses

Slow

Localised, temporary,
reversible

Effect

Widespread, permanent,
irreversible

Muscles, glands

Target area

Target organs only

Rapid, short-lived

Response

Slow, diffuse, long


lasting

CONCLUSION

The Importance Of Nervous System And Hormonal System


Coordination:
To ensure body functions such as physical, chemical and
physiological responses occur at their optimum level.
It ensures that if one system is not able to respond, then
the other will compensate.

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