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Social

Interaction
& Social
relationships

Social Relations

Attraction

Conflict and Prejudice

Altruism and Peacemaking

How do we relate to others?

Aggression

SOCIAL INTERACTION

Social interaction
occurs on a daily basis
in a variety of ways.

Social interaction

Process of defining and responding to


various actions and reactions of individuals in
a social situation.
A social act is any intention, aim, plan,
purpose, and so on which encompasses
another self.
Social actions then are directed towards
accomplishing a social act.

Non-social act- Aiming for a college degree,


trying to enhance one's self-esteem, planning
to go fishing, intending to do scientific
research on the brain, and so on.
Social Practices- These are rules, norms,
custom, habits, and the like that encompass
or anticipate another person's emotions,
thoughts, or intentions.
Ex. Shaking hands, refusing to lie to others, are
examples.
* Not all practice, however, is social

Social Interaction
Social interaction is the foundation of society.
Without interaction there would be no group
life.
For instance, interaction is the major
processes for the socialization of an
individual from birth to death, which exists in
every culture.

Definition of Social
Interaction
Merrill:
social interaction is the process of contact
where the behavior modifies slightly
Modifies slightly.

Definition of Social
Interaction
Dowson & Getty:
Social interaction is a process whereby
men inter- penetrate the mind of each
other.

Patterns of social
interaction
Between individual and
individual
Between

individual and groups


Between groups and groups
Between individual and culture

Between individual and


individual
customer and shop keeper

Doctor and patient

Person
to
person

Between individual and


group

singer and audience

Person

to-group

Between group and group

Group-to-group

Role Playing

When you play a role in


society, you must
interact with others in
society.

Interactions brings 2
things to society:

Stability
change

Common Forms of Social


Interaction

Exchange

Whenever people
interact in an effort to
receive a reward or a
return for the actions.

Buying girlfriend flowers

Listening to your parents

Holding doors for old


people.

Common Forms of Social


Interaction

Reciprocity

The idea that if you do


something for someone,
they owe you something
in exchange.

Basis for exchange

Common Forms of Social


Interaction

Exchange theory

The idea that people are


motivated by self interest
in their interactions with
other people.

I.E. People do things


strictly to be rewarded.

Extra credit
Wash the car
Buy flowers for girlfriend

Common Forms of Social


Interaction

Competition

Occurs when two or more


people or groups oppose
each other to achieve a
goal that only one can
attain.

Competition

Common Forms of Social


Interaction

Conflict

The deliberate attempt to

Control a person by
force
Oppose someone
To harm another person

In a conflict

Very little rules of


conduct

Common Forms of Social


Interaction

Cooperation

Occurs when two or more


people or groups work
together to achieve a
goal

Benefits more than one


person!

Cooperation Works.

Differentiation
As the individuals interact, they carry with
them their statuses or positions in the
social system. The status determines the
role they play in the social situations.

Assimilat
ion
It refers to a
cultural fusion in
which two groups
blend their
cultures so that
they become one.

Acculturati
on
When two or more
groups or persons are
interacting and in
contact with each
other, the chances is
that both groups will
learn and adapt some
of the traits and
patterns of behavior of
the other group.

Amalgamation

Is both a cause and effect of acculturation


and assimilation. It refers to the intermarriage of person coming from different
ethnic groups resulting in some kind of
biological fusion.