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Biosecurity - concept

1. Biosecurity is a tool to help minimize the effect


of infections and decrease the impact of disease.
Sometimes it may not be critical to diagnose the
disease agent involved in a problem, but to
analyze what is wrong with the Biosecurity
program.
2. Biosecurity should be viewed as part of the
solution, potentially reducing the dependency on
extensive testing and medications.
BIOSECURITY
1. Biosecurity is not just an impressive word pulled
out of a dictionary. It is a way to reduce the risk of
introducing and spreading diseases.
2. It is a management tool that should be
implemented and practiced at all levels of a
poultry farm.
WHY IS BIOSECURITY IMPORTANT
1. Anyone working on or associated with a poultry farm
should understand that the farm’s performance is directly
linked to good biosecurity measures:
2. Poultry quality depends on disease-free birds.
3. Disease-causing microorganisms and pathogens,
including bacteria and viruses, are carried through
vectors (living organisms that transmit pathogens).
Frequently these vectors are the people who work on and
visit a poultry farm.
4. Remember, biosecurity doesn’t cost: It pays off in
disease-free poultry products
Biosecurity Implementation
1. Biosecurity is primarily a management‐implemented system;
2. Biosecurity system should include expert input from veterinarians,
but implementation and follow‐through is accomplished by every
person involved in the production process, with ultimate
responsibility resting with the farm manager;
3. Farm managers should continually evaluate all areas of operation
under their direction;
4. Changes in protocols and procedures must be assessed for risk of
introduction of pathogens.
5. A complete Biosecurity program includes proper design, training of
staff, system‐wide monitoring, and constant updating
Biosecurity Monitoring
1. The concept of creating microbiological barriers to
prevent pathogen transmission is the basis of bio
security.
2. It is good if the effectiveness of the barrier can be
monitored.
3. Monitoring can either be qualitative (for example, the
presence or absence of Salmonella) or quantitative (for
example, bacterial surface counts).
4. Monitoring of surface bacterial counts in hatchery and
on farm after cleanout are typical examples of
monitoring bio security effectiveness.
MAJOR COMPONENTS OF BIOSECURITY

1. CONCEPTUAL BIOSECURITY

2. STRUCTURAL BIOSECURITY

3. OPERATIONAL BIOSECURITY
CONCEPTUAL BIOSECURITY
1. BREEDER FARM SHOULD BE 3-5 KM AWAY FROM
OTHER NEAREST FARM.

2. FARM SETUP SHOULD BE AWAY FROM THE MAJOR


ROADWAYS THAT MAY BE USED TO TRANSPORT THE
COMMERCIAL AND BACKYARD POUTRY

3. AVOID PROXIMITY TO LARGE LAKES , TANKS AND RIVERS.

4. ENOUGH DISTANCE BETWEEN BREEDERS , GROW OUT FARMS


AND FACILITIES SUCH AS HATCHERIES AND FEED MILLS
SHOULD BE MAINTAINED
STRUCTURAL BIOSECURITY
1. FENCING TO AVOID UNWANTED VISITORS
2. CONCRETE FLOORING FOR PROPER CLEANING
3. ENSURE CONTINUOUS WATER SUPPLY
4. CONCRETE STAGE WITH SUITABLE WATER AND POWER SUPPLY
FOR SANITATION OF VEHICLE.
5. SUITABLE LOCATION FOR STORAGE OF FEED SO THAT IT IS
VERMIN FREE
6. FACILITIES FOR DISPOSAL OF DEAD BIRDS.
7. ALL CONNECTING ROADS WITHIN THE FARM SHOULD BE
PROVIDED WITH FACILITIES LIKE CLEANING , WASHING OF
VEHICLES AND FOOTWEARS TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF
MICROBES
OPERATIONAL BIOSECURITY
1. PROPER DECONTAMINATION AND DISINFECTION OF EQUIPMENTS, SHEDS
FOLLOWING DEPLETION OF FLOCK.
2. FLAMING OF SHEDS AND CAGES WITH FLAME GUNS.

3. FUMIGATION OF SHEDS

4. WATER PIPE LINE CLEANING AT REGULAR INTERVAL

5. ENSURE WATER SANITIZATION

6. REGULAR TESTING OF WATER SAMPLES FOR MINERAL , BACTERIA AND OTHER


PATHOGEN LOAD.
OPERATIONAL BIOSECURITY
1. ENSURE REGULAR TESTING OF FEED SAMPLES FOR MICROBIOLOGICAL
ASSAY.

2. ALL WORKERS AND VISITORS SHOULD SHOWER AND USE CLEAN FARM
CLOTHES TO PREVENT CROSS CONTAMINATION BETWEEN THE FACILITIES.

3. ROUTINE DISEASE MONITORING PROCEDURES LIKE POSTMORTEM OF


DEAD BIRDS.
4. FOLLOW STANDARD VACCINATION SCHEDULES AND PROCEDURES.

5. PERIODIC SERUM ANTIBODY ASSAY TO DETERMINE IMMUNE STATUS OF


THE FLOCKS.
BIOSECURITY FOR HATCHERIES

1. BIOSECURITY IS AN IMPORTANT ASPECT OF HATCHERY


DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT.

2. REQUIRED FOR MAXIMUM HATCHING RATES AND


CHICK QUALITY.

3. PROTECTION OF HATCHING EGGS AND DAY OLD


CHICKS FROM CONTAMINATION
ROUTINE BIOSECURITY PROCEDURES IN
HATCHERIES

1. CHOICE OF A SUITABLE GEOGRAPHICAL AREATO


ENSURE AN ISOLATED SITE.

2. PROPER HATCHERY DESIGN WITH SEPRATION OF MAJOR


OPERATIONS.

3. ONE WAY FLOW OF WORK WITHIN THE HATCHERY.

4. ADEQUATE VENTILATIN OF EACH ROOM


FARM DISINFECTION PROCEDURES
1. COMPLETE REMOVAL OF LITTER
2. BURNING OF CAGES AS WELL AS FEATHER REMAINS
IN LITTER
3. CLEANING OF PIPE LINE WITH AQUAMAX@4OML
/LITRE
4. BURNING OF SHED
5. WASHING OF SHED WITH B904 @4ML/LITRE OR WITH
PROTECT 240 ML /LITRE
6. WHITE WASHING OF SHED
7. TERMINAL DISINFECTION OF TOTAL SHED INCLUDING
CURTAINS WITH BIOBUSTER @ 5GRAM /LITRE
HATCHERY DISINFECTION PROCEDURES
 AREA PRODUCT DOSE RATE
 EGG CLEANING SAFEGARD 8ML/LIT
B904 2ML/LIT
 EGG GRADER savlon 1ml/100ml AFTER EVERY 1HR
 SEXOR HANDS

 COLD ROOM SPRAY SAFEGARD 8ML/LIT


FOLLOWED BY MOPPING
TWICE A DAY
 INSIDE SETTER MOPPING WITH BIOPHENE 4ML/LT
ONCE A DAY
 SETTER HALL MOPPING WITH WATER
SPRAY FORMALIN 2%
SPRAY CUSO4 IGM/LIT
SPRAY PROTECT 4ML/LT
HATCHERY DISINFECTION
 HUMIDIFIER TANK BIOQUAT 20 1ML/20 LIT

 FLOOR WASHING UBC 1LT/500LI


ONCE AWEEK
FLOOR OF ENTIRE
HATACHERY
WALL UP TO 4FEET
 HATCHER AND
 HATCHER AREA AFTER PULL OUT
REMOVE DIRT AND
DUST
WET THE SURFACE WITH
UBC FOR 5-10MIN
WASH WITH PLAIN WATER
SPRAY WITH PROTECT 4ML/LIT

 PULL OUT ROOM AS ABOVE


 HATCHER TRAY CLEAN WITH DETERGENT
SPRAY B904 2-4ML/LIT
HATCHERY DISINFECTION
CHICKS ROOM MOPPING
SAFE GARD 8ML/LIT
ROOM FUMIGATION

WASHING AREA CAUSTIC SODA


KEEP DRY FOR 2 HOURS
SURROUNDING
HATCHERY ROTATION BASIS

FOOT DIPPING UBC 1:500


FOOTWEAR USED SAFEGARD 8ML/LIT
BY WORKER
HAND WASH AT SAVLON
THE ENTRY
BIOSECURITY CHECKLIST
1. Keep clean clothing and smooth-soled rubber boots at the farm, and
wear them in production areas.
2. Park your vehicle at least 100 feet from the production house. Use
removable vehicle floor mats in your vehicle. Disinfect the floor mats
daily.
3. Clean and disinfect all equipment as you move between houses.
4. Shower (if facilities are available) when you arrive at the farm; put on
clean clothing and smooth-soled boots. If you leave the farm and
return, shower again and put on clean clothing.
5. Change the foot pan solution at each house entrance daily. Always
follow the instructions on the disinfectant label.
6. Clean and disinfect all equipment going into poultry houses.
BIOSECURITY CHECKLIST
7. Clean and disinfect all equipment moved between poultry houses.
8. Clean and disinfect pump houses and shower houses between
flocks.
9. Follow directions to maintain effective rodent and insect control
programs.
10. Keep poultry houses locked. Keep all gates to the farm locked.
Keep “No Trespassing” signs in place.
11. Work through poultry houses in a specific order. This order
depends on the health of the flock in each house: Visit the healthy
flock first.
12. Do not drive farm vehicles near areas where poultry is handled.
BIOSECURITY CHECKLIST
13. Tell your supervisor or call the serviceman promptly if
you see birds coughing or passing loose feces, or if you
see or hear anything unusual.
14. Stay away from all other poultry when you are away
from the farm, and stay away from people who work with
poultry at other locations. Keep people who work at
other poultry farms off your farm.
15. Train everyone to follow these practices, and set a good
example by following them yourself.