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Site Safety Management

Prof. U.V.Kulkarni
NICMAR, Pune

What would you do ?


1. If you are entrusted with a job of
opening up a project construction
site.
2. What minimum safety equipments
you should
carry if you are to open a new site?
3. What actions are required by
construction managers for
implementation of safety
management at site?

Safety Management at Site


1. First entry at Site: An induction training is a
must on every new site. It helps know to site
condition, entry norms, likely hazards,
methods to meet Emergency ( telephone
numbers, hospital etc).
2. What minimum safety equipments you should
carry if you are to open a new site?
Emergency vehicle, drinking water, First aid
kit,
fire Extinguishers, PPE like safety helmet,
safety
shoes and hand gloves.

3. What should be your action plan?


The following action plan be followed
(A)Get the plan approvals / drawings : It must
be ready with proper approvals by the
customer showing site battery limit
(boundary).
(B)Verify physical condition of site w.r.t.
Condition of Air, land and Water resources.
(C)Line Out: Basic measurements to establish
site boundaries. Chalk marking with
respect to reference point.
(D)Site Barricading: Site barricading is a must
to avoid unauthorized entry and exit.

(E) Entry points: There should be at least two


entry and exit points.
(F) Precinct: Due consideration should be given to
the outside environment i.e. Road, school,
hospital, residential area, offices, river/sea,
jungle etc. Location of batching plant, labor
colony, material movement will depend upon
the outside situation.
(G) Slope of land: Managing rain water flow during
monsoon. Initial design of storm/rain water
drain. Decision of locations of stores etc.
(H) Climatic conditions of site location: Heavy rain
fall dewatering / pumping capacity. Drain lines,
permission for dewatering.
Extreme temperatures- Job rotation / break,
cold drinking water, place to rest under shade .
Extreme cold - Wind velocity, seismic zone

(I) Other Infrastructure: Temporary


electric supply, approach roads,
Creche, other facilities.
(J) Soil Quality: know soil strength,
underneath structure and under ground
service lines, method of excavation.
(K) Transport facility: If labor camp/ staff
camp is located away from site,
transport facility has to be provided.
(L) Positioning heavy equipments: O/H
high tension lines, batching plant,
tower and other cranes, lifts and hoists,
concrete pumps, mixers, steel yard etc.

(M)To take care of site safety on routine


basis site should have Safety policy ,
safety manual and site specific plan that
will indicate organization structure,
assembly place, safe evacuation route.
(N)On the working site it is necessary to
have safe access to potable/ drinking
water at many places ( distance of 25
meters), facility for regular health check
up and tie up for accidental treatment
with nearby hospital.
(O) It is a must to register the organization
and site working location at the nearest
police station and manage visits of
police authorities if needed.

(P) Site incharge should immediately look for the


following:
1. Appointment of safety representative by the
sub-contractors
2. Team for safety induction
3. Safety committee
4. Tool box talk on regular basis
5. Safety survey to identify hazards
6. Safety training
7. Work permit system
8. Safety violation reporting mechanism and
audit
9. Positioning of fire extinguishers
10.Accident investigation and reporting
mechanism
11.MIS daily, weekly, monthly reports and
display system at site