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Week 1

Arif . Aziz . Vee . Rab

Question 1

Discuss characteristics of

Effective classroom instructions

Effective management



The Ten Elements of Effective Instruction

  • 1. Provide the necessary conditions for

optimum learning and engagement: a safe and supportive environment in which students can do what you want them to so that they learn within a meaningful, authentic context.

  • 2. Establish and communicate clear, specific learning objectives

  • 3. Make explicit connections between present

and past lessons, students' lives

  • 4. Prepare students (relevant background knowledge,skills)


Integrate assessment (establish initial

understanding, measure progress, provide feedback, refine instruction, and prepare students for future performances. Students can also reflect or assess their own performance and progress.

  • 6. Teach students strategies for learning, remembering, and doing.

  • 7. Make literacy practices and performances easier

modeling, providing examples, and giving clear directions

  • 8. Use different instructional methods and

media in clear, coherent ways.

  • 9. Ask students to generate a range of ideas, interpretations, solutions, questions, and connections.

10. Provide meaningful opportunities to practice

Effective Classroom Instruction

Make sure your students are silent and focus on you before you explain any instructions

Spend some time to explain and model good behaviours

Explain clearly and precisely when giving classroom instructions what you want the students to do

Gives classroom instruction in stages – too much information can cause confusion

Check students’ understanding by asking a few students to repeat your instructions back to you, before begin the activity

Effective management practices/techniques/strategies

Maintain an orderly development of daily activities,. Use Equitable and Positive Classroom Behaviors Awareness of High-Needs Students Establishing Classroom Norms Creating a positive and safe climate in classroom

Checklist for Effective management practices/techniques/strategies (Learning environments)

Learning Environments

+ or -

Distractions are minimized in the direct instruction and independent work area areas


Children are seated and positioned to maximize focus on task or person


Materials needed for activities are in appropriate places in the classroom where students can access them easily


Materials are clearly marked with visuals for all students to see


Materials are age and developmentally appropriate for the students


Adaptations are made to materials where appropriate to maximize student success


Checklist for Effective management practices/techniques/strategies



+ or -

Activities have a clear functional purpose


Activities are age and developmentally appropriate


A variety of activity-types are available including sedentary, active, group, independent, cooperative, teacher directed, and independent activities.


Question 2

Discuss how different roles played by teachers and pupils would lead to effective classroom management

Roles by teachers:

  • 1. Teacher should know how to control the class and the pupils

  • 2. Teacher should cater his / her pupils’ need

  • 3. Teacher should know pupils’ potential and their style of learning.

  • 4. Teacher should give a positive reinforcement and feedback to the pupils

  • 5. Teacher should prepare conducive and non threatening environment.

Effective teacher

Effective teacher possesses a cheerful disposition and friendliness

Teachers as listeners, mentors and role models

Effective teacher are those who are able remain calm in crises

Have capability of responding to change and adapting to a situation in order to meet students’ needs

Roles by pupils:

1. Pupils should follow teachers’ instruction

  • 2. Pupils must cooperate in teachers’ lesson

  • 3. Pupils should know their role in classroom.

  • 4. Pupils should participate in the classroom discussion.