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1

NGN tlphonie et
multimdia

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Prsentation NGN
Sommaire

1. NGN: Evolution des rseaux


tlphoniques

2. NGN: Evolution des rseaux


tlphoniques: Entits et interfaces

3. Intrts des NGN multimdia

4. Architecture NGN multimdia

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

1. NGN: Evolution des


rseaux tlphoniques

Objectif :

Justifier lvolution des rseaux


tlphoniques vers les rseaux NGN.

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

1.1 Les rseaux de tlcommunications traditionnels

1.2 Quelques prcisions

1.3 Les rseaux NGN

1.4 Lintrt des rseaux NGN

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels

Rseaux daccs et rseaux de


commutation
Classe 5

AN

Rseaux daccs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

LEX

Classe 4

TEX

LEX

Rseau de commutation

AN

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels

Rseaux de transmission

AN

Rseaux daccs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

LEX

TEX

Transmission

LEX

AN

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels

Rseaux de signalisation

Service dans les LEX et TEX

Cote cher

SS7 STP
SP
AN

Rseaux daccs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

LEX

STP
SP
TEX

Transmission

SP
LEX

AN

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

Services IN

1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels


Service

SCP
SP

SS7 STP
SP
AN

Rseaux daccs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

LEX

STP
SP
TEX

Transmission

SP
LEX

AN

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

La gestion

1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels


Service

SCP
SP

SS7 STP
SP
AN

Rseaux daccs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

LEX

STP
SP
TEX

Transmission

SP

s
e
a
u
x
d
e

LEX
g
e
s
t
i
o
n

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

Trafic donne
exemple

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1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels


Goulets
Service
dtranglemen
SCP
t
SP
SS7 STP
STP
SP

AN

Rseaux daccs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

LEX

SP
TEX

Transmission

SP
LEX

AN

ISP

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

Trafic donne
exemple

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1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels


Le
Service
SCP
dlestage
SP
SS7 STP
SGW
SP

AN

Rseaux daccs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

LEX

RAS

IP ou ATM

ISP

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

12

Trafic donne 1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels


Service
ADSL
SCP
SP
SS7 STP
LPF
STP
SP

DSLA
M

AN

LEX

LEX
TDM

Rseaux daccs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

BAS

IP ou ATM

ISP

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

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1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels

Les rseaux d accs mobile: GSM/GPRS


MSC/VLR
BTS

A bis
BSC

PSTN

Voix
HLR

GSM+GPRS

Gb
Donne

BSS
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

SGSN

Internet

Backbone
GPRS

GGSN

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

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1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels

Les rseaux d accs mobile: UMTS R3


3G MSC/VLR

Node B

PSTN
IuCS
Iub
RNC

HLR
IuPS

UTRAN
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Internet

Backbone
GPRS

3G SGSN

GGSN

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

GSM/UMTS

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1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels


Service

SCP
SP

SS7STP
SP
BSS
UTRAN

Rseaux daccs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

MSC

HLR
SP
STP

SP
GMSC

Transmission

SP
LEX

AN

1. NGN : Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques

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1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels

GPRS/UMTS

Service

HLR

SCP
SP

SS7STP

SP
STP

SP
BSS
UTRAN

SP

SGSN

GGSN

Internet
Rseaux daccs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Transmission

1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.1 Les rseaux traditionnels

Les rseaux traditionnels:


Le TOP pour les services Voix
Inadapts pour les services Data
Les services Voix
Les services Data

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.2 Quelques prcisions

Tlphonie
volution des
rseaux
tlphoniques
(Voix uniquement)

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Multimdia
Rseaux
fdrateurs offrant
des services
multimdia

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Les rseaux NGN

Communiquer sur un seul rseau: NGN

?
...

...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

ADSL

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Les rseaux NGN

NGN

Voix

Convergenc
e
voix/donne
s

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Donnes

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Les rseaux NGN

Architecture NGN
Service
Contrl
Transport
e
Media
Accs
Terminaux

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Transport

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Les rseaux NGN

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Couche Accs et Transport


ATM
BSS
RAN
POTS

IP
Couche Transport
HFC

ADSL
Couche Accs

LMDS
RNIS

ADSL
...

...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Les rseaux NGN

Couche Mdia
MGW
BSS
HFC
RAN Couche Mdia
xDSL
RNIS
Couche Accs et Transport
ADSL
...

...

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Les rseaux NGN

Couche Contrle
MGC
MGW
Couche
MGWContrle
BSS
HFC
RAN Couche Mdia
xDSL
RNIS
Couche Accs et Transport
SGW

ADSL
...

...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Les rseaux NGN

Couche Service

AS
MGC
Couche
SGW Service
MGW
Couche Contrle
BSS
HFC
RAN Couche Mdia
xDSL
RNIS
Couche Accs et Transport
ADSL
...

...

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Les rseaux NGN

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Couche Gestion

AS
MGC
SGW Service
Couche
MGW
Couche Contrle
BSS
HFC
RAN Couche Mdia
xDSL
RNIS
Couche Accs et Transport

Gestion

ADSL
...

...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Les rseaux NGN
Service

AS
Transport
MGC

Contrle
MGW

Media
Accs

Transport
paquet

AN

MGW
AN

Terminaux
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Migration vers NGN: Classe 4
Service
SS7 STP
SP
AN

LEX

accs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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SCP
SP

NGN
SP
TEX

Transmission

STP
SP
LEX

AN

1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Migration vers NGN: Classe 4
Service
SS7
SP
AN

LEX

Service

AS
SGW

MGC

MGW

SGW

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

STP
SP

MGW
ATM/IP

accs

29

Transmission

LEX

AN

1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Migration vers NGN: Classe 5
Service
SS7 STP
SP
AN

LEX

accs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

30

SCP
SP
SP
NGN
TEX

Transmission

STP
SP
LEX

AN

1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.3 Migration vers NGN: Classe 5

31

AS

MGC
MGC
AN

MGW

MGW
ATM/IP

accs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Transmission

AN

1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.4 Lintrt des rseaux NGN
Avantages des
NGN
Fournisseurs

Fournisseurs

dquipements

de service

Alcatel

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

32

1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.4 Lintrt des rseaux NGN

33

Rseau
ADSL

MGW

de
transport

AN

Voix

Un seul rseau de transport

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Donne

1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.4 Lintrt des rseaux NGN
Service

AS
Transporteur

Contrle

MGC
MGC
A
MGW
MGW
transporteur
B

Media
Accs

Interfaces ouvertes
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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AN

Choix pour un fournisseur

1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.4 Lintrt des rseaux NGN

Couches
indpendantes

Service

AS
Transporteur

Contrle

MGC
MGC
MGW
MGW
transporteur

Media
Accs

AN

Flexibilit pour faire voluer les quipements


Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.4 Lintrt des rseaux NGN

Petit nombre
de MGC

Service

AS
Transporteur

Contrle

MGC
MGC
MGW
MGW
transporteur

Media
Accs

AN

Minimise le cot
de mise niveau des logiciels de commandes
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.4 Lintrt des rseaux NGN

37

Services
Multimdia

Services
Tlphoniques
Services NGN

Services
GSM/UMTS

Services
Internet
1 seul rseau fdrateur
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.4 Lintrt des rseaux NGN

Les services NGN: Exemples


Tlphonie et Vido Tlphonie
Numro vert international, carte prpaye internationale ...
Email, Voice Mail, WEB, Chat
Click-to dial, Click-to dial back, Click-to fax
Vido la demande, Distance learning .

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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1. NGN Evolution des rseaux tlphoniques


1.4 Lintrt des rseaux NGN

39

Avantages du NGN:
Architecture de rseau fdratrice
Interfaces ouvertes
Convergence Voix / Donnes
Ouverture de la concurrence
rduction du nombre dquipements (MGC)

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

40

2. NGN tlphonie: Entits


et interfaces

Objectif de la sance 2:

Dcrire larchitecture NGN tlphonie

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN

2.1 La couche daccs

2.2 La couche Media

2.3 La couche de contrle

2.4 La couche de service

2.5 Interfaces et protocoles

2.6 La qualit de service

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

41

La couche daccs
AS
MGC
Couche
SGW Service
MGW
AGWCouche Contrle
TGW
BSS
HFC
RAN Couche Mdia
xDSL
LMDS
Couche Accs et Transport

Gestion

ADSL
...

...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

42

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.1 La couche daccs
Couche Accs
RNIS
POTS
ADSL

LMDS
BSS
RAN

HFC

ADSL
...

...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.1 La couche daccs

Rseaux daccs traditionnels

AN

ADSL

RAN

BSS

...

...

POTS

RNIS

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Mobile

44

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Mdia
AS
MGC
Couche
SGW Service
MGW
AGWCouche Contrle
TGW
BSS
HFC
RAN Couche Mdia
xDSL
LMDS

Gestion

Couche Accs et Transport


ADSL
...

...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Mdia

46

Les donnes
usagers
Couche Mdia
MGW

Commutation
traditionnelle

AN
Accs
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

IP, ATM
Transport

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Mdia
Accs
AGW
MGW

RGW
IAD

Trunk

TGW
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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Mdia

Trunking Gateway
LEX

Circuits de parole Paquets IP/ATM

TGW
TEX

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

IP, ATM

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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Mdia

Access Gateway

V5

Boucle Locale AN

AGW

IP, ATM

S
I
RN

PABX

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Paquets IP/ATM

49

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Mdia

Residential Gateway
Paquets IP/ATM

RGW

Chez labonn

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

IP, ATM

50

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Mdia

Integrated Access Device


Paquets IP/ATM

IAD

Chez labonn

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

IP, ATM

51

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Mdia

Interface du rseau dorsal

MGW G.711
G.711

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

MGW

52

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Mdia

Interface du rseau dorsal: IP


Audio
MGW

G.7XX H.26X
RTP/RTCP
UDP
IP
G.711
IP

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Vido
MGW

53

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Mdia

54

RTP/RTCP
RTP Stream

MGW

Sessions RTP
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

RTCP Stream

MGW

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Mdia

Interface du rseau dorsal: ATM


G.7XXH.26X
AAL1/2

MGW

ATM

MGW
ATM

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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.2 La couche Media

RGW

AGW

PABX

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

TGW

IAD

LEX

56

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle
AS
MGC
Couche
SGW Service
MGW
AGWCouche Contrle
TGW
BSS
HFC
RAN Couche Mdia
xDSL
LMDS

Gestion

Couche accs et Transport


ADSL
...

...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

57

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Signaling Gateway: Rle

Adapter le transport de la
signalisation

SGW
ISUP/SS Couche de contrle
7
ISUP/IP

SS7

Signalisation sur IP
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

58

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Signaling Gateway: Interfaces


ISUP

ISUP
M3UA

MTP

SCTP

SGW
SP

SS7

EX
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

SIGTRAN

IP

MGC
IP

59

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Media Gateway Controller: Rle

Traitement dappel
Contrler les MGW

Signalisation

MGC
MGW
Couche de contrle
H.248

MGW
Couche Mdia
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Organisme Remarque
MGCP

IETF

simple

MEGACO IETF

Multiparties

H.248

Multiparties

UIT-T

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Modle H.248

Gateway
Contexte

Terminaison
Canal RTP

*
*
*

Contexte
Terminaison
Canal RTP

Terminaison
Circuit TDM

Terminaison
Circuit TDM

Null Context
Terminaison
Circuit TDM

Contexte
Terminaison
Canal RTP

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Terminaison
Circuit TDM

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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Modle H.248: Terminaison


Emission/rception de flux de donnes (voix,
donnes,)
Proprits: mode, tat
Evnements (dcrochage, raccrochage,
Flashing)
Statistique

Modle H.248: Contexte


Association dune ou plusieurs terminaisons

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

63

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Modle H.248: Commandes


Opration sur les contextes
Add, substract, move

Opration sur les terminaisons

AuditValue
AuditCapabilities
Modify
Notify
ServiceChanges

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Descripteur Local et Distant

Local: media reu par MG


Distant (remote): media mis par MG.
Description du mdia en SDP
Exemple
Local {v=0 c= IN IP4 125.125.125.111 m=audio 1111 RTP/AVP 4 a=ptime:30 },
Remote {v=0 c=IN IP4 124.124.124.222 m=audio 2222 RTP/AVP 4 a=ptime:30}

PCM

G.711

RTP

O-TGW

RTP voice session

RTP

G.711

T-TGW2

IP@: 125.125.125.111

IP@: 124.124.124.222

RTP port: 1111

RTP port: 2222

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

PCM

65

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle
Add

CIC reference received in ISUP T= MGAUXTK1/T1/C01


with G.711 properties

The Originating TGW


IAM

MGC

2
3

66

ADD (T=MGAUXTK1/T1/C01, EchoCancellation

ADD (T=CHOOSE, mode=Inactive, L: IP@ = CHOOSE

= ON, mode=SendReceive, Contexte = CHOOSE)

m= audio, RTP port = CHOOSE ), Contexte = 42

ADD Reply (T=MGAUXTK1/T1/C01,Context = 42)

ADD Reply( T= MGTAUXTK1/RTP/34,

PCM

G.711

L: IP@= 192.168.10.1, RTP port = 4330

IAM

RTP

RTP voice session


T=MGTAUXTK1/RTP/34:

O-TGW
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

L: IP@= 192.168.10.1, RTP port = 4330


R: Unknown

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle
Modify

MGC

The Originating TGW

MODIFY (T=MGTAUXTK1/RTP/34, Mode = SR,


R: IP@ = 192.168.10.2, RTP Port = 4040, Context = 42 )

PCM

MODIFY Reply (T=MGTAUXTK1/RTP/34,


Context = 42)

TDM

RTP voice session

MGW

T=MGTAUXTK1/RTP/34 :

T=MGTAUXTK1/RTP/34:

L: IP@= 192.168.10.1, RTP port = 4330

L: IP@= 192.168.10.1, RTP port = 4330

R: Unknown

R: IP@ = 192.168.10.2, RTP Port = 4040

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

68

Media Gateway Controller: Signalisations


Signalisation inter- MGC

MGC
MGW
Couche de contrle

MGC
MGC

BICC

MGW

MGW
Couche Mdia

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

69

Media Gateway Controller: Signalisations


MGC
MGW

Signalisation

Q931/IP

PABX
AN

AGW
Couche Mdia

Donnes utilisateur
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

IP, ATM

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

70

Media Gateway Controller: Signalisations


MGC
MGW

Signalisation

H248

RGW
Couche Mdia

Donnes utilisateur
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

IP, ATM

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Media Gateway Controller: Interfaces H.248


H.248
UDP/TCP
IP

MGW

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

MGC
IP

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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Media Gateway Controller: Interfaces BICC


BICC
M3UA

BICC

SCTP

MTP

IP

MGC
MGC

72

MGC
MGC
SS7

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

MGC
MGC

IP

MGC

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Media Gateway Controller: Interfaces BICC


Protocole IUT-T bas sur ISUP
Deux capacits:
BICC CS1: pour l ATM
BICC CS2: pour l ATM et l IP

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2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle

Media Gateway Controller: Interfaces SIP


SIP-T/SIP-I
TCP/UDP
IP

MGC
MGC

MGC

IP

SIP-T est une variante du protocole SIP


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74

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.3 La couche de contrle
MGC
MGC

AGW

PABX

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

TGW

SGW

LEX

SS7

75

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.4 La couche de service
AS
MGC
Couche
SGW Service
MGW
AGWCouche Contrle
TGW
BSS
HFC
RAN Couche Mdia
xDSL
LMDS

Gestion

Couche Accs et Transport


ADSL
...

...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

76

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.4 La couche de service

77

Services IN
AS
SCP

SP
AN

LEX

SP

SP

TEX

LEX

AN

Transmission
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

SP

MS
IP

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.4 La couche de service
MGC
MGC
AS
AGW

PABX

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

TGW

SGW

LEX

SS7

78

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.5 Interfaces et protocoles
Q931
IUA
SCTP
IP

AGW

PABX

MGC
MGC

G.XXX
RTP
UDP
IP

TGW

Un rseau NGN
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

H248
UDP
IP

AS

ISUP
M3UA
SCTP
IP

SGW

LEX

79

SS7

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.5 Interfaces et protocoles

MGC
MGC
H.248

BICC
MGC
IP

ISUP
SS7
SGW
PSTN

TGW

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

H.248
ISUP

SS7

SGW
Bearer

TGW

PSTN

80

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.5 Interfaces et protocoles

Etablissement d appel

EX SGW

TGW

ISUP

ISUP/IP
H.248

IAM

IAM
ADD

MGC

TGW

MGC

BICC

ISUP/IP
H.248

IAM

IAM
ADD

ACM

ACM

ACM

ACM

ANM

ANM

ANM

ANM

Conversation

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

SGW

81

EX

ISUP

IAM
ACM
ANM

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.6 Qualit de service

Qualit de service sur IP


IntServ, RSVP
DiffServ
MPLS

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

82

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.6 Qualit de service

Qualit de service sur IP: IntServ, RSVP

IntServ garantit, grce au protocole Resource


ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP), une QoS par flux de
bout-en-bout.
Trois classes de QoS:
Best Effort (BE)
Controlled Load (CL)

RSVP
Guaranteed Service (GS)
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

83

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.6 Qualit de service

84

Qualit de service sur IP: IntServ, RSVP

La QoS rserve via le message RSVP: Resv

IP

Demande dune QoS via le message RSVP: PATH


Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.6 Qualit de service

Qualit de service sur IP: faiblesses de IntServ

IntServ gre des flux individuels via RSVP


IntServ ncessite limplmentation du RSVP
dans tous

les routeurs.

RSVP ninclut pas toutes les QoS ncessaires


pour les

applications NGN.

DiffServ
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

85

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.6 Qualit de service

86

Qualit de service sur IP: DiffServ


Traffic conditioning
(Meter, Marker, Dropper)

Link
utilisation
ratio

EF

65/100

AF2

20/100

AF1

10/100

BE

5/100

Input
Classifier

Scheduler
Queue management
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Output

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.6 Qualit de service

Qualit de service sur IP: DiffServ

Conversational

Streaming

SIG
Interactive

EF

EF

AF1

AF1

AF2

Interactive
Interactive

BE

Best effort
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

AF2
IP
Backbone

BE

SIG

87

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.6 Qualit de service

88

Qualit de service sur IP: DiffServ

Paquet IP

MGW
MGW

MGW
MGW

DS octet dfinissant le
Per Hop Behaviour
(PHB) des routeurs IP

Per Hop Behavior


- Per-class queuing
- Weighted schedulin
- Priority dropping

Classification - aggregation
Expedited Forwarding (EF) Traffic conditioning
Assured Forwarding (AF) (policing/admission)
Service Level Agreements
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.6 Qualit de service
Byte

Version

Header
length

Byte

Type Of
Service

Byte

Byte

Datagram length

Flag Datagram Offset


Identification
TTL
Protocol
Checksum
Source IP address
Destination IP address
Options

Service Data Unit

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

89

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.6 Qualit de service

Qualit de service sur IP: MPLS


MPLS = Multi-Protocol Label Switching (IETF)
MPLS est de lingnierie de trafic, conu lorigine pour
acclrer la commutation.
Un flux IP stream est associ un Label Switched Path
(LSP~connection)
Les nuds du rseau qui supportent MPLS sont appels des
Label Switching Routers (LSRs)
Le routage se fait en utilisant les LSP
Les nuds adjacents ngocient le Label utiliser pour un
certain flux laide du Label Distribution Protocol
(LDP~signaling)

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

90

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.6 Qualit de service

91

Qualit de service sur IP: MPLS


Adresse IP
Mlabel
155.132.100.72
155.132.72.10
144.189.16.20
195.246.155.98
62.23.140.222

@IP
Routing

Paquet IP

@IP : 155.132.100.72

@IP
Routing

MPLS

Internet

Label Edge Router (LER)


Label Switching Router (LSR)
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Routeur IP
Label Switching Path (LSP)

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.7 Scurit des rseaux

Ipsec (IP security)


Contrle dintgrit des donnes
Authentification des donnes
Confidentialit des donnes
Protection contre le replay

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

92

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


2.7 Scurit des rseaux

Protocole IPSec
utilise deux mcanismes
AH: Authentication Header
RFC2402
ESP: Encapsulating Security Payload
RFC2406

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

93

2. Architecture et concepts des rseaux NGN


Exercice

1) Rappeler brivement les rles de chaque couche


NGN. Citez les fonctions qui se trouvent dans chaque
couche?

2) Lors d un appel NGN, Quelle est la fonction qui


traite lappel? Comment communique-telle avec les
autres fonctions?

3) Comment peut on introduire la qualit de service


dans un rseau IP?

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

94

95

4. Intrts des NGN


multimdia

Objectif de la sance 4:

Identifier lintrt des NGN multimdia

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

4. Intrts des NGN multimdia

4.1 Multimdia ?

4.2 Les principaux services multimdia

4.3 Intrts des NGN multimdia

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

96

4. Intrts des NGN multimdia


4.1 Multimdia ?

Les grandes caractristiques:


Association de plusieurs mdias dans une
session
Voix, texte, image, vido,...

Ncessit dune bande passante importante


Besoin dun accs Broadband

Contraintes temps rel et QoS


Interfaces ouvertes
Nouveaux fournisseurs de service

Applications distribues

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

97

4. Intrts des NGN multimdia


4.1 Multimdia ?

98

Les grandes caractristiques (suite):


utilisation de nouveaux protocoles
H.323, SIP (Session Initiation Protocol)

User Self-service
interface Web pour gestion de profile, inscription,
facturation

Attractive content

THE "KILLLER" APPLICATION IS NOT YET DEFINED

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

4. Intrts des NGN multimdia


4.2 Les principaux services multimdia

Les grandes familles de service


multimdia
Productivity150

Entertainment80

Automation14

Information

99

Conversation830
& Messaging

140

Information90

Commerce180

Conversation470
& Messaging

Commerce185

CONSUMER: ~$850 Billion in 2004

ENTERPRISE: ~$1,300 Billion in 2004

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

4. Intrts des NGN multimdia


4.2 Les principaux services multimdia

Video telephony / Video conferencing


PSTN

Dial-Up
modem

User B

LEX

RAS

NGN
Multimdia
IP
backbone

xDSL
xDSL
modem
User A
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

BAS
DSLAM

100

4. Intrts des NGN multimdia


4.2 Les principaux services multimdia

Video telephony / Video conferencing

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

101

4. Intrts des NGN multimdia


4.2 Les principaux services multimdia
Click to dial

102

PSTN
User A
LEX

NGN
Gateway

NGN
Multimdia
IP
backbone

xDSL
xDSL
modem
Internet User A
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

BAS
DSLAM
Web Server

4. Intrts des NGN multimdia


4.2 Les principaux services multimdia
Presence / Instant messaging

NGN
Multimdia

User A

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

User B

103

4. Intrts des NGN multimdia


4.2 Les principaux services multimdia
Presence / Instant messaging

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

104

4. Intrts des NGN multimdia


4.3 Intrts des NGN multimdia
Nouveaux services: Nouveaux revenus

Rponses aux besoins des utilisateurs

Architecture de rseau fdratrice


Qualit de service Scurit
Normalisation / Interoprabilit

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

105

106

5. Architecture NGN
multimdia

Objectif de la sance 5:

Dcrire larchitecture NGN multimdia

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

5. Architecture NGN multimdia

5.1 Architecture H.323

5.2 Architecture SIP

5.3 Architecture IMS

5.4 Architecture OSA/PARLAY

5.5 NGN multimdia : Entits et


interfaces

5.6 Architecture rseau des services

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

107

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.1 Architecture H.323
Terminal

Terminal

Local Area Network

MCU
Terminal

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Gate
Terminal

108

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.1 Architecture H.323

109

H.323
H.245, Data
H.225 Call Signaling
H.225
(RAS)

IP
Zone A
GW
MCU

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

IP
GK
GK

IP
Zone B

MCU

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.1 Architecture H.323
H.323 Application

H.245
H.225
RAS

H.225.0
Call Signaling

Packet Network

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

RTP /
RTCP

110

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.1 Architecture H.323

H.225RAS (Registration, Admission, and Status)


Terminal
RRQ

GateKeeper

RCF
(terminal enregistr)
ARQ
ACF
(le terminal peut faire un appel)
DRQ
(appel termin)
DCF

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

111

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.1 Architecture H.323
H.225.0

112

Call Signalling

Terminal

Terminal
Setup
Alerting
Connect
(appel connect)
Release
(appel relch)

Complete
Permet un terminalRelease
dinitier
ou de terminer un appel avec un
(appel termin)
autre terminal.

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.1 Architecture H.323

H.245
Terminal

Terminal
TCS
M/S Determination
TCS
M/S Determination Ack
M/S Determination Ack
OLC
OLC Confirm

H.245 est utilis pour ngocier et contrler une confrence entre


plusieurs terminaux
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

113

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.1 Architecture H.323

H225 RAS - Rsolution dadresse en


utilisant LRQs
GK

LRQ
ARQ GK

LRQ

Terminal
GK

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

114

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.1 Architecture H.323

H.323: version 4

Composite gateway

MGC
MGW

Decomposed gateway
MGC
H.248

MGW

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

115

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.1 Architecture H.323

H.323: une mutation vers les NGN


MGC
SS7

H.323

H.248/H323

MGW
MGW

GK

H.248/H323

MGW

IP

PSTN

MCU
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

MGC

MGW

116

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

117

SIP ??
Session Initiation Protocol
RFC 2543
==> RFC 3261
Protocole de signalisation pour ltablissement
de session multimdia (voix + vido)
Permet doffrir des services complmentaires
transfert dappel, Authentification, confrence

sappuie sur UDP/TCP/SCTP ou ATM


Principe client/server

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

118

SIP
Registrar Redirect
REGISTER
Je suis l

Location
server

SIP servers
Ou est son chef?

Proxy

INVITE
je veux parler avec mon chef

SIP User Agents


Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Proxied INVITE

SIP User Agents

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

Entits SIP
User Agent Client/Server :UAC/UAS
UAC: initie des requtes SIP

Registrar
SIP server (Register)

Proxy Server
traite les requtes SIP (ex: invite)

Redirect Server
Traite les requtes SIP (ex: invite) et renvoi une
ou plusieurs adresses destinataires

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

119

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

Entits SIP (suite)


URL SIP
identification dun UA (User Agent)
Exemples:
sip:user@domain
sip:pierre@alcatel.fr
sip:user@IP adress
sip:pierre@192.155.132.12

SIP gateway
interconnection SIP/PSTN, SIP/H323,...

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

120

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

Entits SIP (suite)


Location service
infos sur les utilisateurs, proxy et gateways
Interfaces avec les serveurs SIP
diameter, LDAP
Accs par les serveurs
registrar: mise jour
Proxy server: consultation
Redirect server: consultation

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

121

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

Entits SIP (suite)


Registrar

Location

SIP
SIP

server
Redirect server
SIP

SIP

UA

UA
Proxy server
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Canaux RTP

122

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

Proxy vs redirect

UA

Request

Request

Request

Response

Response

Response

Proxy

st
e
qu
e
R
se
n
po Redirect
s
Re

UA
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Proxy

UA

Request

UA

123

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

Requtes SIP
INVITE: demande de session
ACK: Acquittement dune rponse suite
invite
CANCEL: annule une requte en cours
BYE: demande de clture de session vers
Proxy
REGISTER: requte vers SIP registrar
OPTIONS: capacits et disponibilit dun UA

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

124

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

125

Requtes SIP (suite)


INFO: envoi dinfo de signalisation pdt session
PRACK: Acquittement dune rponse 1xx
SUBSCRIBE: demande de notification dvnement
UNSUBSCRIBE: arrt de notification dvnement
NOTIFY: Notification dvnement (ex: prsence)
REFER: ex: renvoi
MESSAGE: envoi de message hors session
ex: Instant messaging

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

SIP response messages


1XX: requte reu, traitement en cours
2XX: succs
3XX: redirection
4XX: erreur requte
5XX: erreur server
6XX: Global Failure

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

126

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

SIP scenario: enregistrement dun client


Location
server

UA

Registrar
Register (SIP URL)
200 OK
Mise jour

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

127

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

SIP scenario: tablissement dune


session
Proxy server

UA 1

UA 2

Invite (URL UA2)


Invite

100 Trying
180 Ringing

180 Ringing

200 OK

200 OK

Ack

Ack
Canal RTP

Bye
200 OK
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Bye
200 OK

128

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

SIP scenario: Prsence et message


Presence server

UA 1

Subscribe (presence UA2)


200 OK

Register
200 OK

Notify
UA2 present

200 OK
Message coucou
200 OK
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

UA 2

129

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

Exemple de requte SIP: Enregistrement dun client

REGISTER sip:bell-tel.com SIP/2.0


Via: SIP/2.0/UDP saturn.bell-tel.com

From: sip:watson@bell-tel.com
To: sip:watson@bell-tel.com
Call-ID: 70710@saturn.bell-tel.com
CSeq: 1 REGISTER
Contact: <sip:watson@saturn.bell-tel.com:3890;transport=udp
Expires: 7200

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

130

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

131

SDP: Session description Protocol (RFC


2327)
Session level description

Media level description

v= SDP version
c= <network type> <address type> <connection address>
a= session attributes line
a=<attribute>
a=<attribute>:<value>

v=0
c= IN IP4 224.2.17.12/127

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

...

Media level description

m=<media> <port> <transport> <fmt list>


a= media attribute
a=<attribute>
a=<attribute>:<value>

m=audio 49170 RTP/AVP 8


a= ptime : 20

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP
Exemple

de requte SIP: Invite

INVITE sip:watson@boston.bell-tel.com SIP/2.0


Via: SIP/2.0/UDP kton.bell-tel.com
From: A. Bell <sip:a.g.bell@bell-tel.com>
To: T. Watson <sip:watson@bell-tel.com>
Call-ID: 3298420296@kton.bell-tel.com
CSeq: 1 INVITE
Subject: Mr. Watson, come here.
Content-Type: application/sd
Content-Length: ...
v=0
o=bell 53655765 2353687637 IN IP4 128.3.4.5
s=Mr. Watson, come here.
c=IN IP4 kton.bell-tel.com
m=audio 3456 RTP/AVP 0 3 4 5

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

AVP=Audio Video Profile

132

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

Exemple de requte SIP: Rponse (100 trying)


SIP/2.0 100 Trying
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP kton.bell-tel.com
From: A. Bell <sip:a.g.bell@bell-tel.com>
To: T. Watson <sip:watson@bell-tel.com> ;tag=37462311
Call-ID: 3298420296@kton.bell-tel.com
CSeq: 1 INVITE
Content-Length: 0

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

133

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

134

Exemple de requte SIP: Rponse (180 ringing)


SIP/2.0 180 Ringing
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP kton.bell-tel.com
From: A. Bell <sip:a.g.bell@bell-tel.com>
To: T. Watson <sip:watson@bell-tel.com> ;tag=37462311
Call-ID: 3298420296@kton.bell-tel.com
CSeq: 1 INVITE
Content-Length: 0

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP
Exemple

de requte SIP: Confirmation (200 OK)

SIP/2.0 200 OK
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP kton.bell-tel.com
From: A. Bell <sip:a.g.bell@bell-tel.com>
To: <sip:watson@bell-tel.com> ;tag=37462311
Call-ID: 3298420296@kton.bell-tel.com
CSeq: 1 INVITE
Contact: sip:watson@boston.bell-tel.com
Content-Type: application/sdp
Content-Length: ...
v=0
o=watson 4858949 4858949 IN IP4 192.1.2.3
s=I'm on my way
c=IN IP4 boston.bell-tel.com
m=audio 5004 RTP/AVP 0 3

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

135

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

136

Exemple de requte SIP: accus de reception (ACK)


ACK sip:watson@boston.bell-tel.com SIP/2.0
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP kton.bell-tel.com
From: A. Bell <sip:a.g.bell@bell-tel.com>
To: T. Watson <sip:watson@bell-tel.com> ;tag=37462311
Call-ID: 3298420296@kton.bell-tel.com
CSeq: 1 ACK

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP

Exemple de requte SIP: libration (Bye)

BYE sip:watson@boston.bell-tel.com SIP/2.0


Via: SIP/2.0/UDP kton.bell-tel.com
From: A. Bell <sip:a.g.bell@bell-tel.com>
To: T. A. Watson <sip:watson@bell-tel.com> ;tag=37462311
Call-ID: 3298420296@kton.bell-tel.com
CSeq: 2 BYE

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

137

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.2 Architecture SIP
Correspondance Message SIP - ISUP

SIP

ISUP

INVITE
INFO

IAM ou SAM
USR

BYE
CANCEL

REL
REL

ACK
REGISTER
18x
200 (Invite)
4XX, 5XX, 6XX
200 (Bye)

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

ACM ou CPG
ANM ou CON
REL
RLC

138

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.3 Architecture IMS

IMS: IP Multimedia Subsystem

Bas sur larchitecture SIP

Offre des services Multimdia


indpendamment du rseau daccs
depuis PSTN/PLMN
depuis BroadBand Wireline Acces
depuis Corporate Access
depuis UMTS

Utilisation dIP V6

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

139

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.3 Architecture IMS
A8688
Media Server
Apps

A8605 MM
Application Server
Network & Service
Management

Parlay/OSA
SIP

IP
A8628
Multimedia
A/V Conference
A1422
Bridge
IM-HSS
Subsystem

GGSN

IP

A5020-MuM
MM Call Server

Narrowband
Call-server

A8965
Charging
Gateway

Media
Gateway

SGSN

SIP
SSP
BAS

IP-PBX

DSLAM

PSTN/PLMN
Access

SIP
H.323

BB Wireline Access
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

SIP
H.323

Corporate Access

UMTS IMS
Radio Access

140

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.3 Architecture IMS

Le modle IMS

MRF

AS
S-CSCF

HSS

UE

I-CSCF

GERAN
GGSN

SGSN
UE

UTRAN
EIR

Sip or H323
interwork
External IP
networks
and other IMS
networks
MGCF

P-CSCF

Home /visited

Internet/External
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MG

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.3 Architecture IMS
Fonctions UMTS

Rle

CSCF (Call Session


Control Function)

Contrle dappel multimdia


Dialogue avec le MGCF en
SIP-T

HSS (Home Service Evolution du HLR pour grer


les services multimdias
Subscriber)
Gestion des appels
MRF (Multimdia
Resource Function) multipartistes et confrences
Contrle des Mdia
MGCF(Mdia Gateway
Gateways qui lui sont
Control Fonction)
rattachs (H.248)

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142

Correspondance
architecture NGN
Serveur SIP (avec
fonctionalits 3GPP) +
SIP registar
Fonction Location
Server
Fonction MCU
H.323/SIP
MGC

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.3 Architecture IMS

143

P-CSCF : Proxy CSCF


proxy SIP, 1ier point de contact dans lIMS
(connect au GGSN pour lIMS UMTS)
Forward SIP register request vers I-CSCF
Forward SIP message vers S-CSCF

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5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.3 Architecture IMS

144

I-CSCF : Interrogating CSCF


Assignation dun S-CSCF lors dun SIP
register
Router une requte SIP venant dun autre
rseau vers un S-CSCF
Rcuprer ladresse du S-CSCF dans le HSS

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5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.3 Architecture IMS

145

S-CSCF : Serving CSCF


SIP registrar et MJ des donnes dans HSS
SIP proxy server
Traite les requtes SIP

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5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.3 Architecture IMS

IMS UMTS
Intranets

Internet
Home Network

IMS
Virtual presence of UE (UE IPs @ is here)
in Home network IM subsystem

Gi

GGSN

BG
UE

BG

SGSN
Visited Network
PDP Context

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Inter Network
Backbone

146

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.3 Architecture IMS

IMS UMTS
GPRS

UE

1. Bearer Level Registration: GPRS Attach


2. PDP Context Activation

3. CSCF Discovery

4. Application Level Registration

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

IP MM CN
Subsystem

Primary PDP
= new IP address
Secondary PDP
= Reuse IP address

147

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.3 Architecture IMS

IMS UMTS

Home

Home register

HSS
Profile
Profile

Location
Location
3

I-CSCF
I-CSCF

8. OK

S-CSCF
S-CSCF

5. REGISTER
2. REGISTER

9. OK

P-CSCF
P-CSCF
1. REGISTER

10. OK
GGSN
SGSN

Radio Access Network

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5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.3 Architecture IMS

IMS UMTS

Home

Roaming register

HSS
Profile
Profile

Location
Location
3

I-CSCF
I-CSCF

6
8. OK

S-CSCF
S-CSCF

5. REGISTER
2. REGISTER

Visited

9. OK

P-CSCF
P-CSCF

1. REGISTER

10. OK
GGSN
SGSN

Radio Access Network

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149

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.4 Architecture OSA

Architecture OSA

Application
Server

Service 2
Service
1

OSA
Gateway

GMSC
MGC

S-CSCF

NGN
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

SSP

PSTN

PLMN

150

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.4 Architecture OSA

OSA gateway

151

Applications

OSA Gateway
INAP
SIP
INAP

INAP
SP

SS7

SSP

INAP

IP

SIP

MGC
S-CSCF

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.4 Architecture OSA

OSA gateway

Application
(service)

Application
Server

...
User
Call
Control Location
Network
framework

OSA Internal API


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152

Service
Capabilit
y
Server
Service
Capability
Function

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.5 Entits et interfaces

153

Entits et interfaces
AS

MRF
Mc

Mm

S-CSCF
Cx

HSS

visited

Um

GERAN

UTRAN

Gc

Gr

Gi

Mw

Iu-ps

SGSN

Um

Cx

Iu-ps

Gn
Gf

EIR

Go

GGSN

P-CSCF

Home /visited

Sip or H323
home interwork
External IP
Mw
Mg
Mm
networks
and other IMS
networks
I-CSCF
MGCF

Mw

Gi

Gi

Internet/External
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

MG

5. Architecture NGN multimdia


5.5 Entits et interfaces

Interfaces entre MGCF et CSCF (Mg)


Protocole SIP

Interfaces entres CSCF (Mw)


Protocole SIP

Interfaces entre CSCF et rseaux IP externes


(Mm)
Protocole SIP

Interfaces entre HSS et CSCF (Cx)


Protocole non normalis (LDAP, Diameter)

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154

Abrviations
AAL ATM Adaptation Layer

CSF Call Service Function

ACM Address Complete Message

CSN Circuit Switching Network

ADSLAsymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line

DHA Data Handling Application

AGW Access Gateway

DSL Digital Subscriber Line

ALMAP Alcatel Management Platform

ETSI European Telecommunication Standard Institute

AN

GGSN

Access Network

Gateway GPRS Support Node

ANM Answer Message

GK

GateKeeper

API

Application Programming Interface

GPRS

AS

Application Server

GSM Global System for Mobile Communication

General Packet Radio Service

ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode

HFC Hybrid Fixed Coax

BCF Bearer Control Function

HLR Home Location Register

BICC Bearer Independent Call Control

HSS Home Subscriber Server

BIWF Bearer InterWorking Function

IAD Integrated Access Device

BSC Base Station Controller

IAM Initial Address Message

BSS Base Station Subsystem

IETF Internet Engineering Task Force

BTS Base Transceiver Station

IMS IP Multimedia Subsystem

CCF Call Control Function

IMS Integrated Management System

CDRA

IN

CS

Call Detailed Record Application

Circuit Switching / Call Server

CSCF Call Session Control Function

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Intelligent Network

INAP Intelligent Network Application Protocol


IP

Internet Protocol

155

Abrviations
IPO

IP Offload

MDF Main Distribution Frame

IPT

IP Telephony

MEGACO Media Gateway Control Protocol

ISP

Internet Service Provider

MGC Media Gateway Controller

ISUP

ISDN User Part

MGCP

IWU

InterWorking Unit

JAIN

Java Advanced Intelligent Network

JCAT

JAIN Coordination and Transactions

JCC

JAIN Call Control

Media Gateway Control Protocol

MGW Media Gateway


MLMGI Machine Logique MG Interface
MMAS Multimedia Application Server
MMCS Multimedia Call Server
MPLSMulti-Protocol Label Switching

JSLEE JAIN Service Logic Execution


Environment

MSC Mobile Switching Center

LDB

Long Distance Bypass

MUM Multimedia

LEX

Local Exchange

NGN Next Generation Network

LMDS

Local Multichannel Distribution Services

NSS Network SubSystem

MTP Message Transfer Part

OSA Open Service Architecture

M2UA

MTP2-User Adaptation

OSF Operating System Function

M3UA

MTP3-User Adaptation

PABX Private Automatic Branch eXchange

MAP

Mobile Application Part

PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy

MBHCA Million Busy Hour Call Call Attempts

PS

MCU

PSTN Public Switched Telecommunication


Network

Multipoint Conferencing Units

Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

Packet Switching

156

Abrviations
SGSN

Serving GPRS Support Node

RAN

Radio Access Network

RAS

Remote Access Server

RCH

Rseau de Connexion Haute capacit

RGW

Residential Gateway

RI

Rseau Intelligent

RNC

Radio Network Controller

RSVP

Ressource Reservation Protocol

RTCP

Real-time Transport Control Protocol

RTP

Real-time Transport Protocol

SCCP

Signaling Connection Control Part

SCE

Service Creation Environment

SCF

Service Control Function

SRF Specific Resource Function

SCP

Service Control Point

SSF Service Switching Function

SCTP

Stream Control Transmission Protocol

STP Signaling Transfer Point

SDF

Service Data Function

SU2ASSP UMTS ATM Application

SDH

Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

SUA SCCP-User Adaptation

SDP

Session Description Protocol

TCP Transmission Control Protocol

SGW Signaling Gateway


SIP

Session Initiation Protocol

SMA Station Multiprecesseur d'auxiliaires


SMB Station Multiprocesseur Banalise
SMF Service Management Function
SMM Station Multiprocesseur de Maintenance
SMM IT Station Multiprocesseur de Maintenance
Information Technologie
SMT Station Multiprocesseur de Terminaison
SONET Synchronous Optical NETwork
SP

Signaling Point

TDM Time Division Multiplex


TEX Transit Exchange
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1074 VT ZZB Ed.03

157

Abrviations
TGW
TMN
UDP
UIT-T

Trunking Gateway
Telecommunication Management
Network
User Datagram Protocol
Union International des
Telecommunications - secteur de
telecommunication

UMTS
Universal Mobile
Telecommunication System
UNI

User to Network Interface

UTRAN UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network


VLR

Visitor Location Register

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158