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Educational

Philosophies
of Filipino
Educators
Reported by : CELESTE JUMAGBAS

Born on June 19, 1861 in Calamba,


Laguna. He had his first lessons from
his mother Theodora Alonso.
He entered Ateneo Municipal de
Manila in 1872 and obtained
bachelors degree with highest honor
in 1876.
He studied medicine at University of
Santo Tomas but finished the course
in Madrid University in 1885.
He took graduate studies in Paris,
France and Heidelberg, Germany.

Life of Jose Rizal


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For Rizal, the mission of


education is to elevate the
country to the highest seat of
glory and to develop the peoples
mentality.
Since Education is the foundation
of society and a prerequisite for
social progress, Rizal claimed
that only through education
the country
be saved
from
philosophy
of education,
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domination.
therefore, centers on the
book in which is
provision of proper motivation in
written the future
order to bolster the great social
of the nations.
forces that make education a
Shows us the
success, to create in the youth
schools of a people
an innate desire to cultivate his
and we will tell you
intelligence and give him life
what those people
eternal.
are.

Sa Aking
Mga
Kababata
Ni Jose Rizal

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Kapagka ang baya'y sadyang umiibig


Sa kanyang salitang kaloob ng langit,
Sanglang kalayaan nasa ring masapit
Katulad ng ibong nasa himpapawid.
Pagka't ang salita'y isang kahatulan
Sa bayan, sa nayo't mga kaharian,
At ang isang tao'y katulad, kabagay
Ng alin mang likha noong kalayaan.

Anghindimagmahal sa kanyang salita


Mahigit sa hayop at malansang isda,
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Na tulad sa inang tunay na nagpala.

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Ang wikangTagalogtulad din sa Latin


Sa Ingles, Kastila at salitang anghel,
Sapagka't ang Poong maalam tumingin
Ang siyang naggawad, nagbigay sa atin.

Ang salita nati'y huwad din sa iba


Na may alfabeto at sarilingletra,
Na kaya nawala'y dinatnan ng sigwa
Ang lunday sa lawa noong dakong una

SpeakingthroughSimoun,the
principalcharacterinhisnovel,El
Filibusterismo(TheFilibuster),he
declared,

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"While a people preserves its


language, it preserves the marks
of its liberty, as a man preserves
his independence... Language is
the thought of the people..."

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Life of Andres Bonifacio


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born on the feast of St. Andrew,


from whom his parents derived his
name, on November 30, 1863.
Orphaned at age 14, he and his siblings
made canes and paper fans, which they sold
to meet their basic needs.
To further educate himself, he avidly read
books such as Robespierres The French
Revolution, Hugos Les Miserables, and
Rizals Noli and El Fili.
Funded Katipunan on July 7, 1892, and
became its Supremo (Supreme Leader).
Gathered his men in Balintawak on August
23, 1896, and tore their cedulas to symbolize
their defiance of Spanish rule.

It was Andres Bonifaciowho first


formulated a code of conduct and to
whom theDekalogo ng
Katipunanwas attributed.
But it was not published; instead, it
was said that upon reading the
Kartilya drafted by Jacinto.
Bonifacio decided that it was
superior to his Dekalogo, and
adopted it as the official primer of the
Katipunan.
Emilio Jacinto, then became the chief
theoretician and adviser of Bonifacio
and later earned for him the title
Brains of the Katipunan.

14. "Paglaganap ng mga aral na ito,


Kartilya ng
at Katipunan
maningning na sisikat ang araw ng
mahal na kalayaan dito sa kaabaabang Sangkapuluan at sabugan ng
matamis niyang liwanag ang
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nangagkaisang magkakalahi't
magkakapatid, ng ligayang walang
katapusan, ang mga ginugol na
buhay, pagod, at mga tiniis na
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kahirapa'y labis nang
matutumbasan.
(When these teachings shall have
been propagated and the glorious
sun of freedom begins to shine on
these poor islands to enlighten a
united race and people, then all the
loves lost, all the struggle and

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Life of Apolinario Mabini

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born in Talaga, Tanuan City, Batangas

Also known as Sublime Paralytic


A Filipino Theoretician who wrote the
Constitution for the first Philippine
republic
Apolinario Mabini

1st Prime minister in 1899

Ang Dekalogo ni Apolinario Mabini

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Ikatlo. Dagdagan mong pilit ang


talos ng isip at katutubong alam na
ipinagkaloob ng Diyos sa iyo sa
pamamagitan ng pag-aaral, at
magsumakit ka ng ubos lakas sa
gawang kinahihiligan ng iyong loob,
upang matipon sayo ang lalong
maraming kagalingan at sa ganitong
paraay makatulong ka sa
ikasusulong ng lahat.

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Life of Manuel Luis Quezon


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The 1st president of the Philippine


commonwealth from 1935 until his
death.
According to Quezon, there are two objectives
of Philippine education:
(1) education for better citizenship, and
(2) educations as means of livelihood.
He emphasized that the primary objective of the
government in educating the Filipinos is not only
for the purpose of having means of livelihood but
also for the purpose of enabling them to serve the
nation better.
Quezon stressed that the good of the
state is paramount to the good of the
individual. The state, therefore, has the
duty to mold the spirit of the youth in
patriotism and self sacrifice which can be
done through education.

Quezon has envisioned a complete adequate


system of public education. He stressed
compulsory education in a free public primary
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education and in citizenship training for adults.
He also believed in government scholarships in all
branches or learning and vocational and
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agricultural
training in intermediate and high
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schools. Hence, poor but gifted young men and
women should be encouraged to develop their
talents since the government could create for
them a large
number of scholarships .
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For higher education however, Quezon believed
that only those intellectually capable must go
through a college or university education. The
average student should be encourage to pursue
vocational education. He should not be ashamed
of it because the true worth of man is not on his

Born in Balaoan, La Union on March 28,


1889.

He was elected senator for the


second senatorial district in 1925.
His public service, particularly in the
field of education, has earned for him
recognition from Otterbein College in
Ohio, United States, which awarded
him an honorary degree of Doctor of
Laws in 1934, and from the National
University which gave him an
honorary degree of Doctor of
Pedagogy in 1961.
Osias rose from being a classroom
teacher to being the first Filipino
division superintendent of schools.
He also became the first president of
the National University.

1921HebecamethefirstFilipinoassistantdirector
oftheBureauofEducation.Inthesameyear,healso
becamethePresidentofNationalUniversity.
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1925Hewaselectedsenator.
1929HewasappointedPhilippineCommissionerto
WashingtonD.C.
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Editorials:
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HeeditedtheseriesPhilippineReaders(knownas
OsiasReaders)forprimaryintermediateschools.
HetranslatedinEnglishRizalsfamousnovelsNoliMe
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Tangere(1956)andElFilibusterismo(1957)
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HealsowrotenumerousbooksandessaysonRizal,
education,religion,andtheFilipinoWayofLife.

School has an important role in the


development of dynamic nationalism
and internationalism in relation to
democracy in the education of the
youth
High educational institutions should
do more to turn out graduates who
can think logically, scientifically and
creatively.

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Our education should instill love for


work, spirit of tolerance, respect for
law, love for peace and practice of
thrift.

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THANK YOU!
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By : Celeste C. Jumagbas

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