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SPEECH

4 Basic Kinds of Speech


Informative

This speech serves to provide


interesting and useful information to your
audience.Some examples of informative
speeches:
A

teacher telling students about earthquakes

student talking about her research

travelogue about the Tower of London

computer programmer speaking about new software

Demonstrative

Speeches This has many similarities


with an informative speech. A demonstrative speech also
teaches you something. The main difference lies in
including a demonstration of how to do the thing youre
teaching.Some examples of demonstrative speeches:
How

to start your own blog

How

to bake a cake

How

to write a speech

How

to just about anything

Persuasive

A persuasive speech works to


convince people to change in some way: they think,
the way they do something, or to start doing
something that they are not currently doing.Some
examples of persuasive speeches:
Become

an organ donor

Improve

your health through better eating

Television
Become

violence is negatively influencing our children

a volunteer and change the world

Entertaining

Theafter-dinner speechis a
typical example of an entertaining speech. The
speaker provides pleasure and enjoyment that
make the audience laugh or identify with
anecdotal information.Some examples of
entertaining speeches:
Excuses

for any occasion

Explaining
How

cricket to an American

to buy a condom discreetly

Things

you wouldnt know without the movies

Delivery Methods

Impromptu

The impromptu method involves speeches with little or no


time for preparation and speech writing. In situations like
this, speakers should do everything in their power to take a
few minutes to prepare themselves. Organizing a speech
and breaking it down into parts is a quick way to mentally
prepare a speech. Preparation should be started at the
beginning of an introduction, or as soon as a speaker
realizes they may be called on to speak. The typical
organizational format includes a main point, proof,
additional proof if possible, and a conclusion.

Extemporaneous
The

extemporaneous method has more


preparation than the impromptu method. It
involves writing, rewriting and editing. In addition,
the delivery is practiced, recited, and main points
are memorized. Typically, a speaker uses an
outline for the main points and the exact wording
is not concrete until the delivery is given.
Audiences typically perceive extemporaneous
speeches as spontaneous, while the speaker still
maintains control of the speaking points.

Manuscript
The

manuscript method of delivering a speech


involves writing a manuscript used for reference
during the speech and for official records.
Manuscript delivery should avoid reading the
manuscript word for word, otherwise the speaker
risks sounding mechanical. The use of eye
contact and facial expressions helps bring
personality to this type of speech delivery.

Memorization
The

memorization method involves memorizing a


speech word for word. This can run the risk of
sounding as mechanical as the manuscript
method. As in the manuscript method,
memorizing key talking points gives the speaker
a more personal approach. Add personality with
voice inflection, eye contact and facial
expressions.

Identify the type of speech based


on the title
1. Lets

do it!
2. The Life of Jose Rizal
3. Making a Halloween Cake
4. The Sweetest Love
5. Second Chances

6. Fight

Poverty! Love Life!


7. Specifics on Designing a Web Page
8. The Solar System
9. Growing the Best Crop!
10.The History of the Philippines