Personality

Definition Of Personality
Derived from latin word ‘Persona’ “the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment.”

Nature Of Personality
• Personality reflects individual differences • Personality is consistent and enduring • Personality can change

Personality Determinants
Heredity Environment Situation Family Social

Theories Of Personality
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Type Theory Trait Theory Psychoanalytic Theory Social Learning Theory Maslow’s Self Actualisation Theory

Type A Personality ( Contd…)
Type A’s
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Type B’s

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Always do things rapidly Impatient Strive to do two or more things at one time No leisure time Obsessed with numbers

Never suffer from a sense of time urgency Do not feel the need to discuss or display their achievements Play for fun and relaxation Relax without guilt

Personality Traits
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator  Extroverted vs. Introverted  Sensing vs. Intuitive  Thinking vs. Feeling  Judging vs. Perceiving The Big Five Model  Extroversion  Agreeableness  Conscientiousness  Emotional Stability  Openness to Experience

16PF(16 Personality Factors)
Warmth Liveliness Vigilance Openness to Change Reasoning Emotional Stability RuleSocial Consciousness Boldness Abstractedness Privacy Perfectionism Self Reliance Dominance Sensitivity Apprehensio n Tension

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Personality Traits Influencing OB Locus Of Control

Machiavellianism Self Esteem Self Monitoring Risk Taking Introversion and Extroversion Type A Personality

Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory
Personality results from the clash of 3 forces - the id, the ego, and the superego
– The id represents physiological drives – The ego acts to curb the appetites of the id – The superego is the conscience or “voice within”

Erikson’s Stages Of Personality Development
Erikson’s Stages Age Success in Meeting requirement brings Basic trust Autonomy Initiative Industry Ego Identity Intimacy Generactivity Failure in meeting requirements brings Mistrust Shame & Doubt Guilt Inferiority Role Confusion Isolation Stagnation

Infancy Early Childhood Play Age School Age Puberty & Adolescence Young Adulthood

0-1 year 1-3 Years 4-5 Years 6-11 Years 12-20 Years 20-24 Years

Middle Adulthood 25-65 Years

Social Learning Theory
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Competencies Cognitive Strategies Outcome Expectations Subjective Value Outcome Self regulatory systems and plans

Maslow’s Self Actualisation Theory
Key Aspects Of Humanistic Approach
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Individual is an integrated whole Animal Research is irrelevant to human behavior Human nature is essentially good Man has creative potential Psychological health of man is most important

Personality And OB
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important determinant of employee behavior Focal point determining motivation Characteristics influence selection of individuals to occupy various positions in an organisation