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AGRICULTURE IN

CHHATTISGARH –
A MACRO VIEW
Prof. Hanumant Yadav
HNLU, Raipur
H. Yadav

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The contribution of Agriculture sector to State GDP is 33 %. The allied agricultural activities are yet to be developed. 6. 10. The fertility of the soil is poor so per hectare yield is low. Despite the high irrigation potential.Agriculture economy of Chhattisgarh : General Features Agriculture economy is dependent on nature. 1. 9. The total number of holdings is 2966 thousand. Yadav 2 . Up land area occupies 50 % of total geographical inhabited by tribal population. 2 80 % of work force is engaged in agriculture sector 3. The number of Primary Cooperative Agriculture Credit Societies (PACS/LAMPS) is 1333. 5. 8. 4.79 hectares. Agriculture of State is characterized by mono-cropping. The average size of land holding is 1. H. adequate irrigation facilities are yet to be developed. 7.

0 65.1 100.9 H. Yadav 3 .Cropped Area ( 000 hectares) 2005-06 Area Percent to Gross cropped area Area under Kharif crops 4756 65.9 Area under Rabi Crops Gross Cropped Area Net Cropped Area 1559 7215 4754 34.

2 Maize 160 2.1 Wheat 165 2.8 All oil seeds All other Crops H. Yadav 4 .CROPPING PATTERN : (2005-06) Gross Cropped Area : 7215 thousand hectares Crop Area in 000 hectares % to Gross cropped area Paddy 3470 48.2 Kodo-kutki 147 2.0 All Pulses 1242 17.5 1342 18.2 689 9.

Crop Production (000 metric tons) Crops 2001-02 Paddy (Rice) Wheat Maize Kodo Kutki Other cereals/millets Gram H.6 27 112 19 248 (-) 29. Yadav 2005-06 % increase over 2001-02 5133 99 71 5750 181 221 12.4 5 .6 121.8 211.0 82.2 49 37 (-) 24.

8 Arhar 412 630 52.Productivity (Yield per hectare in kg.) Crop 2001-02 2005-06 % change Paddy 1277 1588 24. Yadav 6 .4 Wheat 1024 1127 10.1 Gram 624 779 24.7 Kodo-kutki 230 235 2.4 121 284 134.7 Cotton H.2 Sugarcane 2514 2626 4.0 Maize 1130 1408 24.9 Soyabeen 810 1030 27.

1 7 .Salient Features of Chhattisgarh Agriculture in (2001-02 and 2005-06) 2001-02 2005-06 a) b) Gross cropped area (000 hectares) Percent to total geographical area The Intensity of cropping Percent of Gross cultivated area under Irrigation Area under Horticulture products (000 Ha.900 107. Yadav 5327 (38.) Energised pump sets/tube wells Fish Production (000 metric ton) H.7) 7215 (45.8 102.000 95.7) 112 % 17 % 136 % 27 % 188 432 88.

) Rs. 1721. Minor Irrigation Rs. 6. Soil & Water conservation Rs.13 crore 15. Animal Husbandry (including dairy dev) Rs. 533.76 crore Total: B) Irrigation Rs.79 crore ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B) 1.77 crore ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ H.37 crore 3. 2504.56 crore 95. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ • • • • • • • Total A Rs. Yadav 247.37 crore 2. etc. Horticulture Rs.59 crore 18. 6.48 crore 38. 7. 732.73 crore 8 . Crop Husbandry Rs. Command Area development Rs.Financial Provision in Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-07) • • • • • • • • A) 1. 5. Major and medium Irrigation facilities Rs. Construction of wells and Micro irrigation Rs 44. 4. Agriculture research and education Rs.27 crore 4. Marketing.46 crore 89. Fisheries Rs. 3. Cooperation (Credit. 2.84 crore 28.

” Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojna (RSVY) H. Arrangement of timely supply of necessary inputs to farmers Bio-fuel development programme Centrally sponsored Macro management scheme.Programmes implemented in Tenth Five year plan A . Effective management of natural resources for rainfed area through Water Shed Management Assured supply of Irrigation water through tube wells and Shakambari scheme. Herbal farming : State has been declared “ Herbal State.General : • • • • • • • Priority given to complete on-going 3 major. Yadav 9 . 29 medium and 1959 minor irrigation schemes and making more effective use of irrigation facilities.

Yadav 10 .Crop Production • • • • • • • • • • • • Crop Diversification in favour of commercial crops Seed Production and Distribution Sugarcane Development Programme Annapurna Scheme Surajdhara scheme NADEP Tank construction Niger development Scheme Development of existing Government farms Strengthening of soil testing and Mobile Soil testing Laboratories Promotion of Research and Extension services Soil and Water Conservation Program Promotion of Organic farming and bio-pesticides H.Programs implemented in Tenth Five year plan B .

Kitchen Garden Scheme Promotion of food processing Industry Development of Cold storage and post marketing facilities H. Citruses. Gladiolai. Yadav 11 . Tuber rose. etc.Horticulture • • • • • • • • Fruit Development Program : Mango.Programs implemented in Tenth Five year plan C . Turmeric. Guava. Ginger. Isabgaol. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants : Ashwagandha. Floriculture Promotion Program : Rose. Vegetable Development Program : Spices Development Program : Chillies. Lichi. Garlic.

Yadav 12 .Programs implemented in Tenth Five year plan D – Animal Husbandry • • • • • • • Strengthening of Veterinary and Health Care Schemes Cattle and Buffalo Development Scheme Poultry Development scheme Distribution of Piggery units on exchange basis Distribution of sheep unit Feed and Fodder Development Scheme Dairy Development a) Strengthening of the dairy cooperative societies b) Milk Procurement c) Plant Operation : Plant at Raipur and Raigarh d) Marketing H.

Programs implemented in Tenth Five year plan E – Fisheries The State has 1. Yadav 13 .538 lakh hectare water area in the form of village ponds. irrigation tanks and reservoirs. out of which 1. Schemes: • Creation of additional water resources • Training of fish farmers • Fish seed Production program • Fresh Water Prawn Culture • Insurance cover to Fisherman H.335 lakh hectares is under fish culture.

Yadav 14 . Central Cooperative Banks Share capital for Primary Distt. & R.D. Bank Implementation of Integrated Cooperative Development Project (ICDP) • Construction of Godown • Cooperative Sugar Mill ( Balod & Kawardha ) • Development of Primary Marketing Societies H.Programs implemented in Tenth Five year plan F – Cooperation • • • • Investment in share capital of 1333 PACS/LAMPS Investment in share capital of 6 Distt. Cooperative Agr.

4. 2. 3. Intensity of Cropping is low. 6. Problem of development in Naxal affected 40 development blocks H. 7. Per hectare yield of crops is low. The allied agricultural activities are yet to be developed.Problems 1. Irrigation facilities are inadequate and protective in nature . Yadav 15 . Per worker productivity are low due to large workforce dependent on agriculture. 8. Monsoon rainfall is erratic. Investment in agriculture is also low. 5. The area under horticulture crops and its yield is also low .

Yadav 16 .SUGGESTIONS • Covering farmers under National Agriculture Insurance Scheme • Creation of additional irrigation potential and speedy implementation of irrigation projects • Increasing Intensity of Cropping • Development of Agro-based Industries for value addition employment generation • Improvement of traditional tribal crops for increasing nutrition & Health • Speedy implementation of Bio-diesel development Program H.