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FISHING

:
Significance and
Environmental Issues
Mark Joseph Okyo
Raffy Madula
Ed Louie Leal
Daryl Francis Ramos
Mark Louie Plazos

History & Definition  Fishing has a history of over 35. . Fish are normally caught in the wild.  Fishing is the activity of catching fish.000 years and may be an individual necessity or a collective undertaking involving large groups of men.

netting.There are many fishing techniques or methods for catching fish. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering. angling and trapping. Common Fishing Techniques that causes nowadays’ Environmental Issues:  Blast Fishing . spearing.

 Bottom Trawling  Bycatch .

people obtain about 25% of their animal protein from fish and shell fish.  Industries process many inferior fish and fish waste products into glue. World wide.  Many people enjoy keeping goldfish. tetras and other fish as pets in home aquariums.Fishing and me: Importance of Fishing to the World  Fish is one of our most valuable sources of protein food. . guppies. livestock feed and fertilizers.

.However…  With the Booming population and today’s improving technology. certain issues and events happen on the earth’s waters due to man’s ignorance and disrespect to the oceans and the environment living below.

Major Fishing Issues  Overfishing  Illegal Fishing  Unreported Fishing  Unregulated Fishing .

This can occur in any body of water from a pond to the oceans. .Overfishing Overfishing occurs when fishing activities reduce fish stocks below an acceptable level.

mostly unexplored.  Overfishing is the practice of commercial and noncommercial fishing which depletes a fishery by catching so many adult fish that not enough remain to breed and replenish the population. Millions of people worldwide are depending on the oceans for their daily livelihoods.Overfishing  Over three quarters of our planet are covered by the oceans. Their biodiversity is unmatched and they contain over 80 percent of all life on earth. . More and more all this is endangered because of ignorance and a global lack of management. Overfishing exceeds the carrying capacity of a fishery.

Types of Overfishing  Growth overfishing  Recruit overfishing  Ecosystem overfishing .

What is causing overfishing?  Worldwide. By-catch / discards and bottom trawling destruction are two examples of this.  On top of the overcapacity many fishing methods are unsustainable in their own way. . fishing fleets are two to three times as large as needed to take present day catches of fish and other marine species and as what our oceans can sustainably support. These methods have a large impact on the basic functioning of our marine ecosystems. On a global scale we have enough fishing capacity to cover at least four Earth like planets. These unselective fishing practices and gear cause tremendous destruction on non target species.

As a result the overall ecological unity of our oceans are under stress and at risk of collapse.  We are in risk of losing a valuable food source many depend upon for social. economical or dietary reasons.Effects of Overfishing  We are losing species as well as entire ecosystems. .

. endangered aquatic animals like sharks and whales are considered as Illegal Fishing.  Also.  Consists of fishing using unusual means which can inhibit growth and endanger the aquatic habitat.Illegal Fishing  Illegal fishing is popular around areas where government laws against it are weak. fishing banned.

 Furthermore.  Fishing Endangered Fishes can further bring them to extinction. illegal fishing can disrupt the food web which can be detrimental to the aquatic environment . the practice of pulling a fishing net along the sea bottom behind trawlers. which are illegal in many places. Bottom trawling.What Illegal Fishing Does to the Environment  Dynamite fishing and cyanide fishing. removes around 5 to 25% of an area's seabed life on a single run. harm surrounding habitat.

Unreported Fishing Is fishing that has been unreported or misreported to the relevant national authority. .

.Unregulated Fishing Generally refers to fishing by vessels without nationality or vessels flying the flag of a country not party to the regional organization governing the fishing area.