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Modern warfare’s

th
4 generation tank
The Japanese main battle tank
Type 10

000 4.423 Weight 39 t 45 t 52 t Power 580 hp 750 hp 650 hp Main Gun caliber 100 mm 90/105 mm 105 mm L7 . Tank T-54/55 M48 Patton Centurion Country Soviet Union United States United Kingdom Years of service 1946- 1953–1990s 1945- Number build 86-100.000 ~12.Tank clasification First generation The first generation consists of the medium tanks designed and produced directly after World War II that were later redefined as main battle tanks.

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Second generation The second generation had enhanced night-fighting capabilities and in most cases NBC protection.2 t 63 t Power 780 hp 820 hp 900 hp 105 mm L7 105 mm L7 Main Gun caliber 125 mm Merkava I/II .000+ 4. Tank T-72 Leopard I Country Soviet Union West Germany Israel Years of service 1971- 1965- 1979- Number build 25. Most western tanks of this generation were armed with the 105 mm Royal Ordnance L7 tank gun.744 830 Weight 41.5 t 42.

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667+ 10.5 t 61. Tank T-90 M1 Abrams Leopard II Country Russia United States West Germany Years of service 1996- 1980- 1979- Number build 1.Third generation The third generation of main battle tanks is characterized by composite amour. which allow firing on the move as well as very high first hit probability on targets up to 2000m.000+ 3.480+ Weight 47. smooth bore main cannons and computerized stabilized fire control systems.3 t 62 t Power 840/950/1250hp 1500hp Main Gun caliber 125 mm 105/120 mm 1480 hp 120 mm .

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Type 90 . Tank Country Manufacturer Years of service Number build Weight Power Crew Speed Main Gun caliber Type 10 Japan Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 201281 48 t 1200 hp 3 Forward: 70 km/h Backward: 70 km/h 120 mm L44 smoothbore cannon. These main battle tanks use the latest technology and designs to over take a third generation.4th generation Fourth generation are still under development or at early generation. built by Predecesor Japan Steel Works Type 74 .

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Type 74 Type 10 .

which deflects/scrambles the laser so that a lock cannot be achieved . providing the ability to mount varying degrees of protection depending on the mission profile as well as weight requirements.Protection • The vehicle's armor consists of modular ceramic composite sections. • When the tank is being locked on a laser detection system automatically triggers the smoke grenade launchers to fire a screening grenade. • The Commander's Panoramic Sight is located at a higher position than the Type 90. giving the commander an unobstructed 360 degree view. placed or replaced when needed. . • Spaced armor and reactive armor mounted in modules can be easily removed .

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Anti-HEAT Spaced Armor Anti-HEAT Reactive Armor .

Mobility • Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) that allows the tank to reach 70 km/h forward as well as reverse. bigger gun depression) and absorbs recoil when firing. • Operational range 440 km • 4-stroke cycle V8 Diesel engine 1200 hp/2300 rpm • Hydropneumatic active suspension. which allows it to adjust its stance (lower profile . .

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580 to 1.750 m/s Effective range 4000 meters with DM63 to 8000 meters with LAHAT .Rheinmetall L44 120mm Able to fire DU kinetic rounds or DM12 multi-purpose anti-tank projectile (MPAT) Caliber 120 mm Muzzle velocity 1.Fire power • • • • • Same main gun as Leopard 2 and M1 Abrams .