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ARTIFICIAL INTELLEGENCE

ARTIFICIA
L

INTELLIGENCE

Objectives Definition Of AI  Brief history  Approaches to AI  Example systems  Scope and Limitations  .

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a branch of computer science that deals with intelligent behavior. and adaptation in machines Artificial Intelligence " IS concerned with the design of Intelligence in Artificial device" . learning.

History:  Term was coined by McCarthy in 1956.  He devised the Turing Test (explained in next slied) .  Alan Turing is considered by many as father of AI.

Turing Test .

APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Three major areas are:I Cognitive Science Applications II Robotics Applications III Natural Science Applications. .

I Cognitive Science involves  Expert systems  Neural networks  Fuzzy logic  Genetic algorithm  Learning systems  Intelligent agents. .

computer interfaces and with the translation of human languages).  .  Pattern recognition systems ( identify patterns in visual.AREAS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Expert systems  Natural language (concerned with the development of human language. auditory and other signals in data).

dexterity.  Robots has the powers of sight. moving the material. manipulation. touch.is a technology of building (robots) with computer machines intelligence and humanlike physical capabilities. visual perception. locomotion. tactile capability. .  used for material handling like lifting. skill in handling. welding robots etc.II Robotics . painting robots.

.III Natural Science Applications  Speech recognition  Development of natural languages  Multisensory  Virtual interfaces reality.

flagging these for human investigation.  Financial institutions have long used artificial neural network systems to detect charges or claims outside of the norm. invest in stocks. .Uses of IA in different sector FINANCE  Banks use artificial intelligence systems to organize operations. and manage properties.

and provide medical information. make a staff rotation. functioning as machine differential diagnosis .Medicine  A medical clinic can use artificial intelligence systems to organize bed schedules.  Artificial neural networks are used for medical diagnosis(such as in concept processing technology in EMR software).

000 robots for tasks such as painting. . They are often given jobs that are considered dangerous to humans.Heavy industry   Roberts have become common in many industries.000 robots were in use worldwide. over 500. Japan is the leader in using and producing robots in the world.000 of which were from Japan. 700. welding. Robots have proven effective in jobs that are very repetitive which may lead to mistakes or accidents due to a lapse in concentration and other jobs which humans may find degrading. and assembly. General Motors Corporation uses around 16. In 1995.

VW Toured and VW Caravel feature the DSP transmission which utilizes Fuzzy logic.Transportation  Fuzzy logic controllers have been developed for automatic gearboxes in automobiles (the 2006 Audi TT. a number of Skoda variants (Skoda fabia) also currently include a Fuzzy Logic based controller. .

Vision systems  Robotics ( industrial robots like welding.  EXPERT SYSTEMS ROBOTICS NATURAL LANGUAGE AI PATTERN RECOGNI TION VISION SYSTEMS . painting robots).

The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence .

improve the teaching and training of AI practitioners. and provide guidance for research planners and funders concerning the importance and potential of current AI developments and future directions. AAAI also aims to increase public understanding of artificial intelligence.  .The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence     Founded in 1979 It is a nonprofit scientific society devoted to advancing the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines.

 Human beings will be left with empty time.  Intelligent machines fail to deliver emotional aspects required in job  Can never be Human  Chances of overtaking…  .Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence Unemployment ->mental depression / poverty and crime in the society.

Disadvantage  Some thinkers consider it ethically wrong to create artificial intelligent machines. intelligence is God’s gift to mankind. It is not correct to even try to recreate intelligence. . According to them. It is against ethics to create replicas of human beings.