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Introduction to Solar

Energy
Fazil Hassan P
M. Tech Renewable Energy Scholar
Rural Energy Centre
Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University

Solar Energy Technician Training Program, March
04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

10.2793° N, 77.9345° E

Sun
• Distance to Earth: 149,600,000 km
• Surface temperature: 5,778 K
• Mass: 1.989E30 kg
• Radius: 695,800 km

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/comm
ons/thumb/3/35/The_Sun_in_extreme_ultravi
olet.jpg/640pxSolar Energy Technician Training
Program, March
The_Sun_in_extreme_ultraviolet.jpg
04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

Solar Energy
• Heat and light radiated from the sun
Solar Resource - The amount of solar insolation a site
receives, usually measured in kWh/m2/day

https://shaikmohasin.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/
solar-energy-information1.jpg
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04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

• Solar radiation, often called the solar resource, is a
general term for the electromagnetic radiation emitted
by the sun. Solar radiation can be captured and turned
into useful forms of energy, such as heat and electricity,
using a variety of technologies. However, the technical
feasibility and economical operation of these
technologies at a specific location depends on the
available solar resource.

http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/i
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Training Program, March
04-08 2015, Rural
Energy Centre
mages/cascade.GIF

Solar constant, the total radiation energy received from
the Sun per unit of time per unit of area on a theoretical
surface perpendicular to the Sun’s rays and at Earth’s
 mean distance from the Sun

http://www.greenrhinoenergy.com/solar/radiation/i
mages/solar-constant.jpg
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Training Program, March
04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

DIFFUSE AND DIRECT SOLAR
RADIATION

http://www.kalzip.com/img/solar/Sonneneinstrahl_UK.jpg

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04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

http://www.sunipod.com/blog/wpcontent/uploads/2013/07/Solar-Energy-Map-ofIndia.png
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04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

Sun Path

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04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

http://blog.smartgardener.com/wpcontent/uploads/2011/06/Illus_sun_-orientation_V2_flat.png

http://www.birdwatchireland.ie/
Portals/0/kids_migration_orienta
tion.gif

http://www.thesolarplanner.com/images/suns_path.jpg

Solar Energy Technician Training Program, March
04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

Sun Angles
• The solar azimuth angle is the azimuth angle of the 
sun. It defines in which direction the sun is,

http://pveducation.org/sites/default/files/PVCDROM
/Properties-of-Sunlight/Images/AZIMUTH.gif
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04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

• The solar zenith angle is the angle measured from
directly overhead to the geometric centre of the sun's
disc, as described using a horizontal coordinate system.

Solar Energy Technician Training Program, March
04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

• Observing the sun from earth, the solar hour angle is an
expression of time, expressed in angular measurement, usually
degrees, from solar noon. At solar noon the hour angle is 0.000
degrees, with the time before solar noon expressed as negative
degrees, and the local time after solar noon expressed as positive
degrees. For example, at 10:30 AM local apparent time the hour
angle is -22.5° (15° per hour times 1.5 hours before noon).

Solar Energy Technician Training Program, March
04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

http://www.solarpoweristhefuture.com/how-tofigure-correct-angle-for-solar-panels.shtml

http://solarelectricityhandbook.com/solar-anglecalculator.html
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http://www.westechsolar.com/uploads/130219/1
1302191AP34I.jpg
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04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

Pyranometer

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PYRHELIOMETER

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SUN METER

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http://www.greenrhinoenergy.com/renewable/conte
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xt/uses_and_sources/solar-constant.jpg
04-08 2015, Rural
Energy Centre

http://www.bharatsolarenergy.com/images/listings/
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bangalore_wedentgroup_com-135124017904-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre

Advantages of Solar Energy

• Clean
• Sustainable
• Free
• Provide electricity to remote places

Disadvantages of Solar Energy

 Less efficient and costly equipment
 Part Time
 Reliability Depends On Location
 Environmental Impact of PV Cell
Production

Thank You

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04-08 2015, Rural Energy Centre