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Constructing Test Items

Component of Item

• Type of item

– Multiple Choice Question (MCQ)

– Subjective

• Stem

• Responds

– Key answer

– Distracters

**The Component of a MCQ Test Item
**

9. Diagram 1 shows small plants in a closed bottle

**What will happen if a garden snail is put into the bottle ?
**

A.

B.

C.

D.

**The garden snail supplies fertilizer
**

The soil in the bottle dries up faster

The number of garden snails increases rapidly

The number of small plants decreases rapidly

Stimuli

Stem

Distracter

Answer Key

STIMULI

The specific information where the question focus

on.

The stimuli may contain …

Statement, diagram, flowchart, dialog, ect.

Classifying 6. Application . Extrapolation INTELECTUAL SKILL 10. Terminology 3. Principle UNDERSTAND 7. Interpreting 9. Fact 2. Translation 8.10 10CONSTRUCTS CONSTRUCTSIN IN SCIENCE SCIENCEUPSR UPSREVALUATION EVALUATION KNOWLEDGE 1. Method 4. Sequence 5.

Principle . Classifying 3. Method 6. Sequence 5.Element 1 KNOWLEDGE • Ability to recall information • Ability to identify the specific element 1. Fact 2. Terminology 4.

• Ability to use the idea that has been communicate without using any extra knowledge. Extrapolation . Interpreting 3. 1. Translation 2.Element 2 UNDERSTANDING • Ability to know what has been communicate.

1. Application .Element INTELECTUAL SKILL • Ability to use the knowledge and understanding to the new situation or problem.

direction. flow and motion ect. 2. METHOD How to handle things. scheme or pattern used for arranging or formation of phenomena. method of investigation or procedure used in certain area. 5.Element 1 KNOWLEDGE 1. FACT Ability to recall information. processes. 4. CLASSIFYING Ability to classified sets and subsets 6. 3. PRINCIPLE Main ideas. SEQUENCE Rearrange accordingly. . TERMINOLOGY Define the terminology or explain the uses of terminology in communication. such as experiment.

To change the language to scientific term. EXTRAPOLATION Making early conclusions from observations. 3. . To change an information to symbols or formulas. knowledge or experiences. 2. To present in the form of communication such as verbal. TRANSLATION To translate through observation in rewriting a communication from one to another form. graph. Making forecast from sets of data or graph Making expectation from cause and action in a set of communication. graphic. table or chart without changing the original content.Element 2 UNDERSTANDING 1. INTERPRATING Rearrange a communication given by using new ideas or information.

1. rearrange in easier form to solve the problem. understanding and other skills in a new situations. choose what to use. . APPLICATION The solution cannot be done just by recall only. Involve mental activities such as Identify task and what is needed.Element 3 INTELECTUAL SKILL Ability to use the knowledge.

B. C. D. What is liquid X ? A.Element 1: 1. Knowledge Construct : Fact Diagram 7 shows an investigation about the conductor of electric current. Cooking oil Sugar solution Distilled water Lime juice . The bulb in the circuit lights up.

To maintain the condition of habitats so that living things can live naturally D. What is meant by preservation ? A. A condition where various species are extinct from the Earth C.Knowledge Terminology Element 1: Construct : 2. A struggle to acquire limited basic need B. To care for something by improving it towards its original state to avoid extinction .

Element 1: Knowledge Construct : Method 3. Which of the following should be done? I Measure the height of the plant II Count the number of leaves II Count the number of flowers III Measure the perimeter of the stem A I and III only B I. and IV . III and IV only D I. A group of student are investigating of a plant growth. II. II and IV only C II. III.

R. B. P The waste is separated based on respective categories Q Machine are used to crush the waste R The separated waste is sent to the factory for processing S The waste is processed to get new products Choose the correct sequence A.Knowledge Sequence Element 1: Construct : 4. S. S. P. P S. S Q. Q. P. Q. Q P. R . D. R. Table 2 shows the steps in recycling waste. C. R.

P : Live in groups Q : Camouflaging Construct : . The following information Element 1: shows how animals of type P and type Q protect themselves from enemies.Knowledge Classifying 5.

C. B. What is process X ? A. Construct : Diagram 11 shows the characteristics of process X.Element 1: Knowledge Principle 6. Melting Boiling Evaporation Vaporization . D.

Understanding Construct : Translation Table 3 shows the temperature condition found within different layers of the earth. Layer of the earth K L M N Temperature conditions Extremely hot Cold Very cold Very hot TABLE 3 Which of the following bar charts represents table 3 ? .Element 2: 6.

Element 2: 8. The frictional force on the sand paper surface is greater than that on the tarred surface . The tarred surface has the greatest frictional force B. As the frictional force increases the toy car moves further D. Table 1 shows the result of the investigation. Surface Distance Traveled Tarred 4 cm Sand paper 7 cm Mirror 10 cm What is the conclusion of the investigation ? A. The mirror surface has the greatest frictional force C. Understanding Construct : Interpreting Diagram 9 shows an investigation about frictional force.

Knowledge Construct : Extrapolation 9. Diagram 1 shows small plants in a closed bottle Element 2: What will happen if a garden snail is put into the bottle ? A. C. B. The garden snail supplies fertilizer The soil in the bottle dries up faster The number of garden snails increases rapidly The number of small plants decreases rapidly . D.

Intellectual Skill Construct : Application 2. Paint it Oil it Wash it with water Rub it with sand paper . What should be done to the windows shutter ? A. Diagram 13 shows an adjustable windows Element 3: It is difficult to close the windows. B. D. C.

SUBJECTIVE QUESTION .

7. Stat what will happened by extrapolating data State the meaning of data or information gathered. 5. 6. State a reasonable explanation from observation State other reasonable explanation from observation. . 4. 2. State the trend of the data gathered. State additional observation for the inferences State what will happened by using data or previous information. 3.SCIENTIFIC SKILL 1.

State the relationship between variables. 11.State the constant variables 14.SCIENTIFIC SKILL 8.Suggest explanation for relationship of variables.State the manipulated variable 12. 9.State the responding variables 13. 15.State variables involved in an experiment. Making conclusion from information gathered 10.Give explanation base on science principle or previous knowledge .

Responding C13 4. Constant B. Reasonable explanation C2 2. Interpreting Data C6 1.Part B Skill A. The meaning of data gathered C7 2. Additional observation D. Extrapolating data E. Relationship between variables C9 4. The trend of the data C8 3. State the variables C11 2. Manipulated C12 3. Making conclusion . Science principle C. Hypothesis C14 1. Inference C1 1. Explain the relationship C15 2. Other reasonable explanation C3 3.What will happened C5 2. Predict C4 1. Controlling Variables C10 1.

X and Y. INFERENCE Siti has two rubber bands. C2 (a) State two inferences about the length of rubber band Y C3 (b) Write one observation to support your inferences in 3 (a). X and Y are of the same length. Each rubber band is hung with an identical cup. C1.A. .1 shows the result of the investigation. She carries out an investigation using the two rubber bands. Diagram 3.

.1 as shown in diagram 2.B. PREDICT C4 (d) Another magnet is attached to the magnet in diagram 2.2 Predict the number of paper clips attracted towards Q.

C5: Extrapolating Data (c) Predict the length of the shadows at 6. .00 p.B.m. PREDICT Diagram 4 shows an investigation carried out at a particular place in Penang.

INTERPRATING DATA Diagram 1 shows information gathered in an investigation.C. C6: The Meaning of The Data Gathered (a) What is the aim of the investigation ? .

INTERPRATING DATA When eight tissue paper are moistened. The result of the investigation is recorded in the table below C7: The Trend of The Data (a) What is the trend of change in the total weight of the tissue papers during the investigation ? . their total weight is 200 g. The tissue papers are put to dry and their weights are recorded every hour.C.

P. INTERPRATING DATA In an experiment a pupil uses several paper clips and a magnet.C.1 shows the result of the experiment C9: Making Conclusion (a) What conclusion can be made from the experiment ? . Q and R. The magnet is labeled at three different position. Diagram 2.

C8: Relationship between variables (d) State the relationship between the position of the sun and the direction of the shadow.C. INTERPRATING DATA Diagram 4 shows an investigation carried out at a particular place in Penang. .

. CONTROLING VARIABLES Diagram 4 shows an investigation carried out at a particular place in Penang. West East West East West East West East C10: State The Variables (a) State two variables in the investigation.D.

D. CONTROLING VARIABLES Diagram 1 shows information gathered in an investigation. Apai’s Estate Johan’s Estate 7m 3m 3m Average: 200 mangoes per tree 7m Average: 300 mangoes per tree C11: Manipulated Variables (a) State the manipulated variable in the investigation C12: Responding Variables (a) State responding variable in this investigation C13: Constant Variables (a) State one constant variable in this investigation. .

The result of the investigation is recorded in the table below C14: Explain the Relationship (c) Suggest one hypothesis based on the trend stated in 4 (b) . The tissue papers are put to dry and their weights are recorded every hour. their total weight is 200 g.E. MAKING HYPOTHESIS When eight tissue paper are moistened.

E. Write one hypothesis based on the information. it is found that rubber band X has elongated to 30 cm. .2 C15: Science Principle (c) After heating. MAKING HYPOTHESIS Siti heats rubber band X as shown in diagram 3.

SCIENCE UPSR YEAR 6 The Moving Object .

How To Arrange The Apparatus ? .

Circumference BALL INCLINE WOODEN BLOCK TRACK What to Observe ? •Distance travelled •Time taken •Speed . Height 2. Diameter 4. Surface 3. Radius What to Change ? 5. Length 2. Angle 4. Height 1. Length 2.TRACK INCLINE BALL WOODEN BLOCK 1. Size 1. Weight 2. Number 3. Surface 1.

THE VARIABLES IN THE FAIR TEST Manipulated Variables The The height height of of the the wooden wooden block block The The number number of of the the wooden wooden block block The The size size of of the the ball ball The The weight weight of of the the ball ball The The diameter diameter of of the the ball ball The The radius radius of of the the ball ball The The circumference circumference of of the the ball ball The The height height of of the the incline incline plane plane The The length length of of the the incline incline plane plane The The surface surface of of the the incline incline plane plane The The angle angle of of the the incline incline plane plane The The surface surface of of the the track track 13 The The length length of of the the track track Responding Variables The distance travelled The time taken by the ball The speed of the ball 3 .

THE VARIABLES IN THE FAIR TEST Manipulated Variables The The height height of of the the wooden wooden block block The The number number of of the the wooden wooden block block The The size size of of the the ball ball The The weight weight of of the the ball ball The The diameter diameter of of the the ball ball The The radius radius of of the the ball ball The The circumference circumference of of the the ball ball The The height height of of the the incline incline plane plane The The length length of of the the incline incline plane plane The The surface surface of of the the incline incline plane plane The The angle angle of of the the incline incline plane plane The The surface surface of of the the track track 13 The The length length of of the the track track Responding Variables The distance traveled The time taken by the ball The speed of the ball The higher the wooden block the furthur the distance travelled by the ball Fair Test 3 .

THE VARIABLES IN THE FAIR TEST Manipulated Variables The The height height of of the the wooden wooden block block The The number number of of the the wooden wooden block block The The size size of of the the ball ball The The weight weight of of the the ball ball The The diameter diameter of of the the ball ball The The radius radius of of the the ball ball The The circumference circumference of of the the ball ball The The height height of of the the incline incline The The length length of of the the incline incline The The surface surface of of the the incline incline The The angle angle of of the the incline incline The The surface surface of of the the track track 13 The The length length of of the the track track Responding Variables The distance traveled The time taken by the ball The speed of the ball 3 The more the weight of the ball the less the time taken by the ball Fair Test .

THE VARIABLES IN THE FAIR TEST Manipulated Variables The The height height of of the the wooden wooden block block The The number number of of the the wooden wooden block block The The size size of of the the ball ball The The weight weight of of the the ball ball The The diameter diameter of of the the ball ball The The radius radius of of the the ball ball The The circumference circumference of of the the ball ball The The height height of of the the incline incline The The length length of of the the incline incline The The surface surface of of the the incline incline The The angle angle of of the the incline incline The The surface surface of of the the track track 13 The The length length of of the the track track Responding Variables The distance traveled The time taken by the ball The speed of the ball The bigger the angle of inclination the more the speed of the ball Fair Test 3 .

Fair Test 1 Aim: Variables: Table: To investigate the relationship between the height of the block and the distance travelled by the ball MV: The height of the block RV: The distance travelled (by the ball) Height of The Block Distance Travelled Constant: All variables that has been listed before except the height of the block and the distance travelled by the ball .

Fair Test 2 Title: Variables: Table: To investigate the relationship between the weight of the ball and the time taken by the ball to reach the ground MV: The weight of the ball RV: The time taken Weight of The Ball Time Taken Constant: All variables that has been listed before except the weight of the ball and the time taken by the ball .

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