The teaching of biblical doctrine is as rare as it is valuable! … Those who hope to survive with any measure of emotional sanity and mental stability must have a solid diet of sound biblical theology, clearly understood, consistently digested, regularly put into action. - Chuck Swindoll

Why Doctrines?

Religion or Christianity???
The person’s groping search for God

God’s gracious quest for the pers

What is the source of our knowledge of God?
Divine Disclosure – Revelation

‘revelare’ (Lat)

= ‘to = ‘to

reveal’ ‘galah’ (Heb) uncover’

“Unveil / Disclose” “The removal of obstacles to perception” “The stripping away of that which keeps one from seeing an object as it is” “Making something perceivable”


Our Finiteness omprehensible nature of God –(Deut 29:
Invisible Non physical Infinite Our perspective is limited because of finiteness – (I Tim 6:16)

highly our

“Since God is our Creator, infinite in his being, while we are finite creatures of time, space, it stands to reason that we cannot discover him by our own research or resources”. - John Stott
Evangelical Truth, John Stott, IVP, p-44

Our Fallenness Human understanding is hindered by sin (II Cor 4:4; Eph 4:18; Rom1: 22) “God is the all-holy God, while we are fallen, sinful and under his judgement, there is chasm between him and us, which we from our side could never bridge”.

Being both finite and fallen, we cannot reach God. He would remain to us both incomprehensible and inaccessible


General or Natural Revelation Special or Supernatural Revelation

General or NATURAL Revelation ‘General
revelation’ called because is so

Available To all men At all places  called ‘natural’ because : It is At all times It is made through nature, through the created order

General or Natural Revelation
“General revelation refers to the disclosure of God in nature, in providential history, and in the moral law within the human heart, whereby all persons at all times and places gain rudimentary understanding of the Creator and his moral demands”. - Lewis & Demarest
(Integrative Theology, p-61)

Areas of General Revelation
The general revelation of God has been found in three areas: Nature : Knowledge of God is available through the created physical order (Ps 19:1-4 / Rom 1:19-20 / Isa 6:3) History : God is moving the course of history (Is 10:5-13 /Acts 17:26-27) Humanity : In the moral and spiritual qualities of humankind that God’s character is best perceived (Rom 2:11-16)

What God has Universally Revealed?
God is one (Acts 1726 , Rom 120 ) God is the Creator and source of all life (Acts
1725 )

God is invisible and powerful (Rom 120 ) God is personal and wise (Ps. 10424 ) God is distinct from the universe and is active in it (Acts1724) God alone is the source of values and deserves worship (Acts1415-16 )

General or NATURAL Revelation
“The rationality, intricacy and beauty of the world on the one hand, and our sense of right and wrong, of duty and failure, on the other, speak to us of God. . . . We see God’s glory in the created order; for his grace we need another revelation.” – John Stott

To know God savingly To worship Him To serve Him meaningfully in life

What is the basis?
Is Jesus your Lord? If Yes Then that means he exercises authority over you. How do you know how he wants you to live ?

Special Revelation?
“Special revelation means God’s manifestation of himself to particular persons at definite times and places, enabling those persons to enter into a redemptive relationship with him”. – Millar. J. Erickson
(Christian Theology)

The Modalities of Special Revelation?
The unique saving acts in the history of Israel and the church The communication of the meaning of such events to chosen Prophets and Apostles Incarnation – Crucifixion – Resurrection

After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, the Lord said to Joshua (Joshua 1:1) He has revealed his word to Jacob, his laws and decrees to Israel. He has done this for no other nation; they do not know his laws Psalm 147:19-20 Ezekiel 2:1-3 Hosea 1:2-11 Habakkuk 1:5-11

Full & Complete Revelation
“In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son” (Hebrews 1:1-2)

General Revelation It is ‘general’ because it is made to everybody everywhere It is ‘natural’ because it is made through nature

Special Revelation It is ‘special because it was made to particular people in particular contexts It is ‘supernatural’ because it was made through miracle (Inspiration & Incarnation)

It is ‘continuous’ because it It is ‘final’ because it was never ceases complete in Christ and the biblical witness to Christ It is ‘glorious’ because it reveals God’s glory in creation It is ‘visible’ because through it we see God’s works It is ‘gracious’ because it reveals God’s grace in salvation It is ‘audible’ because through it we hear God’s words

It is ‘judging’ because those It is ‘saving’ because those

Special Revelation: Preserved & Transmitted
By the inspiration of the Holy Spirit God ensured the Preservation of Revelation in a Sacred book, the Bible

II Timothy 3:16
“all Scripture is inspired of God” Scripture
= writings/written document.

(Rom15: 4, 2Pet3: 15-16) Inspired = ‘theoneustos’ (Gk) = ‘inspirare’ (Lat)
= “to breathe upon or into something”

God breathed out the Bible. Scripture is God speaking.

“…every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God…” (Mat 4:4) You must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation of things. For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit (2 Pet 1:20-21)

“Your word is truth” (John 17:17) “Scripture cannot be broken” (John 10:35)

John 10:34,35 Law = Scripture = Word of God

God not only spoke to the prophets in various ways, but He spoke in their words whether written or oral (Ezra 1:1 / Ezek 2:7/Heb 1:1 / Rom 3:2) God prepared the Prophets by training, experience, gifts of grace, and, if need be, by direct revelation to utter His word. “The divine influence did not restrict human activity but rather enabled the human authors to communicate the divine message accurately”

Inspiration of Scripture is the supernatural influence of the Holy Spirit on the Scripture writers which rendered their writings an accurate record of the revelation or which resulted in what they wrote actually being the Word of God
Erickson, M. J. (Christian theology)

Measure of Inspiration

Intuition Theory degree of insight

: Inspiration is largely a high

Illumination Theory :There is no special communication of truth, nor guidance in what is written, but merely an increased sensitivity and perceptivity with regard to spiritual matters.

Measure of Inspiration
Dynamic Theory : The Spirit of God works by directing the writer to the thoughts or concepts, and allowing the writer’s own distinctive personality to come into play in the choice of words and expressions. Dictation the : God actually dictated the Bible to


Verbal Inspiration
Mat 5:18 : – Yodh =’ ; Hirq = .

(Jn 14:16) : “And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever”. Allos – another of same kind Heteros – another of different kind Gal 3:16 John 8:58 : ‘Seed’ – ‘Seeds’ : ‘I AM’

The extent of Inspiration of Scripture
(1) all that is written
—2 Tim. 3:16;

(2) even the very words—Matt. 22:43; 1 Cor. 2:13; (3) and tenses of verbs —Matt. 22:32; Gal. 3:16; (4) even the smallest parts of words
—Matt. 5:17–18.

Plenary inspiration
This adjective denotes that the inspiration claimed extends to the whole Bible. All parts of the Scripture are equally significant in the unfolding of the Bible’s message. 2 Peter 3:16 - Peter endorses Paul’s writings as Scriptures Luke 24:27 & 44 - Moses / Prophets / Psalms

“Infallible signifies the quality of neither misleading nor being misled”. The truth the Holy Scriptures is a sure, sure safe and reliable guide in all matters. matters The Bible in itself is a true and sufficient guide “Scripture cannot be broken” (John 10:35)

“The Inerrancy of Scripture means that Scripture in the original manuscripts does not affirm anything that is contrary to fact”. fact Inerrancy signifies the quality of being free from all falsehood or mistakes and so safeguards the truth that Holy Scripture is entirely true and trustworthy in all its assertions.

Kanon (Gk) = rod, ruler, staff, measuring rod Kaneh (Heb) = reed An Old Testament term meaning measuring rod (Ezek40:3;42:16)  Active sense – Scriptures are the ultimate norm.  Passive sense–Recognised to be canonical by the church Inspired Book Canonical Book Valuable Book

God determines by inspiring Men of God only recognize “The church no more gave us the New Testament canon than Sir Isaac Newton gave us the force of gravity. God gave us gravity, by His work of creation, and similarly He gave us the New Testament canon, by inspiring the individual books that make it up”. - J.I. Packer.

The divine inspiration and infallibility of the Holy Scriptures (by which we mean the 66 books of the Bible), as originally given and its supreme authority in all matters of faith and conduct.

Canonical Criteria
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Was it written by a prophet of God? Was he confirmed by an act of God? Does it tells the truth about God? Does it has the power of God? Was it accepted by the people (early church) of God? 6. Do they have apostolic authorship or endorsement?

Authority of Scriptures
Disobeying any word of Scripture Disbelieving or disobeying God “God says it. I believe it. That settles it.” “God says it. That settles it.”
Read it : Study it : Meditate : Obey it : Teach it : Treasure it Walk in it : Dt17:19, 31:11 Ezra7:10 Ps1:2, Josh1:8 Jn14:23,24, I Jn2:3 I Tim4:11-13, Tit.ch2 : Job23:12, Ps119:11 Pa.119:9,105

Scripture’s inspiration is the way in which God enabled the human authors of Scripture to function, so that they wrote every word under divine superintendence.
The doctrine of inspiration declares that God enabled the human writers of Scripture to be agents of divine revelation, so that what they wrote was not only their writing but in a higher sense the very Word of God. The origin
of Scripture’s content is found ultimately in God”.
- R.C. Sproul

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