You are on page 1of 38

Nokia Multimedia Gateway

Overview

Nokia Solutions Networks

Objectives
Overview: MGW in two different networks
Reference Interfaces & Protocols
A4 Platform
Physical interfaces & handling of interface
resources
U2 and U2.1 Features

Road from Rel.99 to All-IP


2001
Q1

Q2

2002
Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

2003
Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

U3/U5 & M13


U2.1 for MSC server
Applications
MSC Server concept Release 1
U2 & M12 MGW Rel.4
Commercial, GW Rel.99
U1.5 & M11
Launch, GW Rel.99
U1+ & M11
Trial, GW Rel.99
U1 & M10

Multimedia Gateway overview


Nokia Multimedia Gateway is used
for transmitting media between
different types of interfaces.
MGW allows operators to combine
transport of both circuit switched
and packet swithed connections
into a single transport network

4
NOKIA
GW_Training /
6.2.2001 / O.Liinamaa

Multimedia Gateway provides:


A-interface towards GSM BSS
Iu-interface towards 3G RAN
Circuit-switched TDM interface
towards PSTN
ATM and IP interfaces towards
backbone

MGW in both MSC Server and AllIP Env.


SameMGW
MGWcan
canbe
beused
used
mCreate
Same
fortransmitting
transmittingthe
theuser
user
for
planetraffic
trafficin
inboth
both
plane
circuitswitched
switchedcore
core
MAP
circuit
CAMEL/INAP
andAll
AllIP
IPcore
core
and
HLR/
HSS

MAP

GSM BSS

VMSS

Iu-PS

MAP

BICC CS-2
or SIP-T

Nb

MGW

SGSN

TDM Based
CS Domain

MGW

Mg SIP

GGSN

ISUP
(optional)
SIGTRAN,
H.248
ISUP

IP/ATM
Backbone
Gi

Iu-PS

GC
S
Mc

Gn

All-IP RAN

Nc

SIGTRAN,
H.248

Iu-CS

3G RAN

CAMEL/INAP

CPS

-PSTN
-Own CS Domain
-Other PLMN

Gateway Main Characteristics


User plane transport and conversion
between ATM, IP and switched circuit
networks
Signalling transport between network
interfaces and MSC Server or GCS
IPv6 / IPv4 support
Media processing - Transcoding, Echo
Cancelling, Continuity Check, DTMF
Generation and detection
Tone and announcement generation &
conference functionality
TrFO&TFO Support
Handling of media resources under
control of GCS or MSC Server via H.248
(MEGACO)
6

NOKIA

GW_Training / 6.2.2001 / O.Liinamaa

MGW Interfaces & Protocols


Rel.4 Network

RANAP for radio access


HLR
Services
control
BICC for call control
CAP
MAP
H.248 for MGW control
BICC
MSC
MSC
AAL2 for user data and
ATM/IP
Server
Server
Nc
AAL5
for signaling over ATM
Mc
Sigtran
H.248
Sigtran
H.248
IP
IP
RTP for user data over IP
IP
IP
Mc
Sigtran for transmitting
AAL2/AAL5
RANAP
SS7
SS7 signaling over IP AAL5/ATM
ATM
Nb
PSTN
Iu-CS

BSSAP

RNC

AAL2
ATM

MGW
A
TDM

BSC

RTP
IP

TDM

MGW

MGW interfaces & protocols


All-IP Network

CPS SIP

SIP

H.248

GC
GC
S
S

SIP for session control


H.248 for MGW control

RTP for user data over IP


Sigtran for transmitting
SIGTRAN SS7 signaling over IP

IP
SS7

Gi

PSTN

Gi

RTP
SGSN GGSN

Gi

PS CN domain

TDM
MGW
MGW

1
2
3 4
5
6
7

TBUF

ISU
x
x

x
x
x
TCU
TCU
A2SU
A2SU

MXU/ 16
PD20
MXU/ 17
CDSP
CDSP
AL2S
AL2S
CCP10
x
x
TBUF

CDSP
CDSP

CDSP

NIWU
NIWU
CDSP
CDSP
CDSP

TBUF

ISU
x
x
TBUF

x
x
x
TCU
TCU
A2SU
A2SU

x
x
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU

ISU
x
x

x
x
x
TCU
TCU
A2SU
A2SU
MXU/ 8
PD20
MXU/ 9
CDSP
CDSP
AL2S
AL2S
CCP10
(NIS/ 7)
(NIS/9)
TBUF

MXU/ 18
PD20
MXU/ 19
CDSP
CDSP
AL2S
AL2S
CCP10
x
x
TBUF

3 4

CDSP
CDSP

ISU
x
x
TBUF

x
x
x
TCU
TCU
A2SU
A2SU
MXU/14
PD20
MXU/15
CDSP
CDSP
AL2S
AL2S
CCP10
x
x
TBUF

CDSP

x
x
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU

TBUF

NIWU
NIWU
CDSP
CDSP
CDSP

CDSP
CDSP

ISU
x
x

x
x
x
TCU
TCU
A2SU
A2SU
MXU/ 6
PD20
MXU/ 7
CDSP
CDSP
AL2S
AL2S
CCP10
(NIS/ 6)
(NIS/ 8
TBUF

CDSP

x
x
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
NIWU
NIWU
CDSP
CDSP
CDSP

TBUF

TBUF

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

CDSP
CDSP

3 4

CDSP

x
x
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

3 4

ISU
x
x

4
NIWU
NIWU
CDSP
CDSP
CDSP

x
x
x
TCU
TCU
A2SU
A2SU

ISU
(IPNIU/ 2)
x
TBUF

x
x
x
TCU
TCU
A2SU
A2SU
MXU/ 10
PD20
MXU/ 11
CDSP
CDSP
AL2S
AL2S
CCP10
(NIS/ 10) /
(NIS/ 12)
TBUF

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

MXU/ 20
PD20
MXU/ 21
CDSP
CDSP
AL2S
AL2S
CCP10
x
x
TBUF

CDSP
CDSP

3
1

CDSP
CDSP

CDSP

x
x
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU

NIWU
NIWU
CDSP
CDSP
CDSP

OMU / 0
WDU / 0

CCP10
HDS
(OMU)

TSS3

CM / 0
CACU / 0
SPMU / 0
MXU/ 0
x
EHU
NEMU
NEMU
WDU / 0

CCP10
CCP10
CCP10
MX622-B
PD20
EHAT
ESA12
MCPC2
HDS
(NEMU)

SFU /0
x
x
VANU
NIS1/0

SF10
x
x
CCP10
NIS0/0 /

5
3
1

CDSP

3 4
6

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

x
x
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU

2
5

NIWU
NIWU
CDSP
CDSP
CDSP

1
3 4

ISU
(IPNIU/ 3)
x
TBUF

x
x
x
TCU
TCU
A2SU
A2SU

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
2

3 4

CDSP
CDSP

3 4

CDSP

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

MXU/ 12
PD20
MXU/ 13
CDSP
CDSP
AL2S
AL2S
CCP10
(NIS/ 11) /
(NIS/ 13)
TBUF

3
1

CDSP
CDSP

3
x
x
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU

OMU / 1
WDU / 1

CCP10
HDS
(OMU)

TBUF

WDU / 1

HDS
(NEMU)

TSS3

MXU/ 1
x
FDU

MX622-B
PD20
MDS
(OMU)

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

NIWU
NIWU
CDSP
CDSP
CDSP

ISU
(NIS/ 2)
x
TBUF

x
x
x
TCU
x
A2SU
A2SU

CDSP

7
MXU/2
PD20
MXU/3
CDSP
ESA12
AL2S
AL2S
CCP10
(IPNIU/ 0) /
(NIS/4)
TBUF

NISO/1 / NIS1/1
CM / 1
CCP10
CACU / 1
CCP10
SPMU / 1
CCP10

SFU /1
x
ISU
VANU

SF10
x
CCP10
CCP10

x
x
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU

6
7

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

NIWU
NIWU
CDSP
CDSP
CDSP

5
6
7

ISU
(NIS/ 3)
x
TBUF

3 4
6

x
x
x
TCU
x
A2SU
A2SU

CDSP
CDSP

x
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
5

3 4
5

CDSP

NIWU/NIP1
NIWU/NIP1
CDSP
CDSP
CDSP
1
2
3 4

MXU/ 4
PD20
MXU/ 5
CDSP
ESA12
AL2S
AL2S
CCP10
(IPNIU/ 1) /
(NIS/ 5)
TBUF

1
2

3 4

CDSP
CDSP

x
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU
TCU

CDSP

NIWU/NIP1
NIWU/NIP1
CDSP
CDSP
CDSP

1
8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

5
8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

MGW U2
MAX HW

Max. Number of units:

- Base module (first two


subracks in the first cabinet)

Additional units:
IPNIU 2 pair
NIS1/0
5+2 pair
NIWU 20 pcs
A2SU 14 pcs
TCU 78 pcs
ISU
11 pcs
ESA
2 pcs

3GPP Referred Functionality


three functional entities in one HW

Media Gateway - MGW


Terminates - SCN & Packet Media Termination
Tones and Announcements

SGW

Multimedia Resource Function Processor - MRFP

Similar Functionality as the Media Gateway

IP to IP Calls only

Tones and Announcements


Conferencing Services

MGW
MRFP

Signalling Gateway - SGW


Signalling Transfer Point
SS7 Transport Layer Conversion
Protocol Translation

Nokia
Multime
dia
Gatewa
y

SGW in MGW
MSC Server

MSC Server

TDM
IP/ATM

GSM BSS
BSC

2.
SGW

SGW

ATM/IP
Backbone

ATM

1.

WCDMA

MGW

TDM

3.& 4.
PSTN/
PLMN

RNC

SIGNALING
TRANSPORT

1)
2)
3)
4)

RANAP (SS7) / ATM <---> IP


BSSAP (SS7) / TDM <---> IP
MAP/CAP/INAP (SS7 SCCP) / TDM <--->
ISUP/TUP/IUP (SS7 MTP3) / TDM <---> IP

IPA2800 Platform Evolution


The IPA2800 is Nokias ATM based multipurpose product platform
IPA2800 for mobile core and 3G radio access network elements. It is
used in Radio Network Controller, Multimedia Gateway and CS-GW.
A2
Multimedia

gateway, U1
Radio Network
Controller, RN1

Capacity
5 Gbits/s
2001

A3

A4.1

MGW U1.5 MGW U2

RNC RN1.5

RNC RN2 Capacity


10 Gbits/s

Capacity
10 Gbits/s
2002
2002

A4.2

A5

MGW U2.1 MGW-CSGW U3


RNC RN2.1 RNC RN3
CS-GW Rel.1
Capacity
20 Gbits/s
Capacity
10 Gbits/s
2003
2004

New HW in A4 Platform Release


IP-NIU interface unit for IP connections.
Needed if media is transmitted over IP backbone.
1G Ethernet and 100M Eth.
VANU (Voice Announcement Unit)
New functional unit for providing
announcements.
Mandatory, HW similar to other signaling units.
New signaling unit type CCP10
Next generation of the CCPC2-A signaling unit
(equivalent to CP710-A in DX).
Basic signaling unit for new deliveries.
IW1S1 interface unit for STM-1 VC-12 interface.
Other HW
to MGW
Forsimilar
providing
TDM Rel'99
connections over STM-1
interface

MGW Functional Units


Iu/
ATM Core
IP Core

STM-1
ATM

-POS
-IP over ATM
-Ethernet

NIS1

IPS1
MXU

NIWU

E1/T1/JT1
IMA/ATM

E1/T1/J1
TDM

SFU
CM
CACU
SPMU

NEM
U

NIP1

IPFE/
GE/GO

VANU

New Unit
in U2

STM-1
TDM

IW1S1

100BaseT

OMU

Ethernet

A2SU

FDU

PSTN
A
IWF

TCU

EHU
ISU
LAN

WDU

Iu

New Unit
in U2.1

MXU
MXU

PSTN
(In U2.1)
A
IWF

ESA
12

TBU

User Plane Data Flow Example


Call from RAN to ATM backbone (TrFO)
ATM STM-1

Iu
ATM

NIS1
Media
From RNC

Media
to bb

backbone

MXU
MXU

NIS1

VANU

AAL2 mux/demux

SFU

ISU
CACU
SPMU
CM
NEMU

NIWU

Etherne
t

100BaseTX

OMU
WDU

A2SU
A2SU

MXU

AAL2 mux/demux
AAL2 termination.
IU UP not terminated

MXU

Transcoder in 'idle state'

TCU
TBU

Signaling Flow

Example: RANAP from RNC to MSC Server

ATM STM-1

Iu

NIS1
RANAP
over AAL5

RANAP IP-NIU
over IP

RNC

SFU

1G Ethernet

ISU
FE

MSC
Server

MTP3 / M3UA
interworking

MGW

MXU

ATM Switching versus AAL2


Switching
AAL2 Path

MGW

MGW

ATM Switch

AAL2 link

AAL2

AAL2
VC

Switch

VP
PHY

AAL2

AAL2 link

MGW
AAL2

VC

VC

VC

VP

VP

VP

PHY

PHY

PHY

AAL2 link

AAL2
VC
VP
PHY

Utilizing MGW as ATM switch


Core Site
STM-1VC-4
VC-4
STM-1
Iu-CS&&Iu-PS
Iu-PS
Iu-CS

RNC

Since Iu-CS and Iu-PS use own ATM


virtual connections, it is possible to route
both CS and PS traffic inside the same
STM-1 interface to the MGW/SGSN site.
Iu-PS traffic is cross-connected on the
ATM layer inside the MGW and routed to
SGSN.

MGW

NIS
1

SFU

Iu-PS

SGSN

AAL2 Nodal Function in Iur and


Nb
MSC Server

RNC 1

RANAP

MSC server may request AAL2


bearer establishment from RNC
directly to MGW2 (through all
MGWs in the middle)
H.248

MGW1

MGW2

No H.248 ctrl

Nb
Iur
RNC 2

AAL2 bearer establishment from RNC1 to MGW2 (Nb)


AAL2 bearer establishment from RNC1 to RNC2 (Iur)

TDM lines

Network interfaces
TDM used for:
A-interface
PSTN

AT
M
STM-1

E1/T1/JT
1
STM-1

(STM-1 in
U2.1)

IP

MGW
MGW

Ethernet
Packet over SDH/
Sonet

E1/T1/J
T1
ATM over SDH /
STM-1
or E1/T1/JT1 (IMA)
used for:
Iu
ATM backbone

TDM

IP over ATM

IP

used for:
H.248 control
IP user plane to backbone
SIGTRAN

ATM Interfaces

RNC

VC-4

Iu &
& ATM
ATM backbone
backbone
-- Iu
interface plug-in-unit
plug-in-unit
interface
NI4S1
NI4S1
STM-1 (155Mbit/s)
(155Mbit/s)
-- 44 STM-1
interfaces per
per unit
unit
interfaces
Supported formats:
formats:
-- Supported
VC-4 or
or 3*VC-3
3*VC-3
VC-4
E1/T1/JT1 IMA
IMA
-- E1/T1/JT1
provided by
by NIP1
NIP1
provided
available for
for Iu
Iu
available
interface in
in low
low
interface
bandwith applications
applications
bandwith

NIS1

VC-3

SDH

SFU

RNC

MXU

NIP
1

116 *E1
RNC

MGW

RNC

IP User Plane Interfaces

IPconnections
connectionsare
areused
usedfor
for
P
-H.248
H.248signalling
signalling
-SIGTRAN
SIGTRAN
-User
Userplane
planetraffic
trafficover
overIP/ATM
IP/ATMcore
core

4*STM-1

Newi/f
i/funit
unitIP-NIU
IP-NIUhas
hastwo
twovariants:
variants:
New
IPS1
1)IPS1
IPS1for
for STM-1
STM-1interfaces
interfaces
1)
SFU
STM-1i/f
i/fper
perunit
unit
--44**STM-1
8*FE
Packetover
overSDH/SONET
SDH/SONET
--Packet
IPFE/
IPover
overATM
ATM
--IP
GE
2) IPFE/GE/GO
IPFE/GE/GOfor
forethernet
ethernetconn.
conn.
2)
1G Eth
-1G
Eth
+
8*100M
Eth
interfaces
-1G Eth + 8*100M Eth interfaces
MGW
atone
oneunit,
unit,only
onlyone
onetype
typeactive.
active.
at

IP/ATM
Backbone

IP
Backbone

IP
Backbone

Isolating Signaling from IP User


Plane
By default both signaling and user plane
are routed via IP-NIU using either 100M or
1G ethernet interfaces.
In 1G ethernet case it is not possible to
separate signaling into own physical
interface via IP-NIU.
Signaling can be routed directly from ISU
units into ESA12 Layer 2 switch in same
cabinet thus enabling the isolation of
signaling.
New signaling unit CCP10 provides
redundant LAN interface for signaling
isolation.

LAN1

Isolating Signaling from IP User


Plane
UserPlane

LAN2

H.248/Sigtran

LAN3

O&M
E.g. Cisco OSR 7609

IPFE/
GE
WO
IPFE/
GE
SP

SFU

IP/MPLS Backbone

1G

1G

MSC Server

ISU
TCU
TCU
TCU

MXU

MXU

ESA
ESA
12
12

OMU/
NEMU

100Mb

100Mb

NMS

TDM Interfaces
IW16P1 plug-in unit can be
used for following purposes:
A & PSTN -interface
(NIWU unit)
Data connections towards
IWF
Supported formats:
2 Mbit/s E1
1.5 Mbit/s T1
1.5 Mbit/s JT1
16 E1/T1/JT1 interfaces per
unit.
Same unit as in MGW Rel'99

ATM IMA
NI16P1 plug-in-unit
available for ATM IMA
(Inverse Multiplexing
Access)

MGW

116**E1
E1
116

For low bandwith ATM


interface (<<155 Mbit/s).
Several E1s can be used
for one IMA group

Iu-CS

RNC

NIP1

STM-1 for TDM


New (optional)
(optional) unit
unit IW1S1
IW1S1
New
for TDM
TDM connections
connections
for
One optical
optical STM-1
STM-1 i/f
i/f per
per unit
unit
-- One
STM-1/VC-12 (63
(63 PCM),
PCM),
-- STM-1/VC-12
Sonet (VC-11)
(VC-11) (84
(84 PCM)
PCM)
Sonet
Terminates 64k
64k TDM
TDM channels
channels
-- Terminates
and converts
converts them
them to
to ATM
ATM
and
virtual channels.
channels.
virtual
Terminates narrowband
narrowband SS7
SS7
-- Terminates
signaling links.
links.
signaling
Available in
in U5
U5 release
release
Available

n* E1

PSTN

ADM

IW1S1

MGW

STM-1

SDH

Direct interface to SDH (Sonet)

Allocating Resources for MSS


MSC Server
MSC Server
MGW offers TDM, IP and ATM
type resources to MSC Server.

MSC server controls these


resources via H.248.
MGW hides the media
transport layer from MSC
server, e.g. MSC server does
not know whether media uses
STM-1 or Ethernet.

AT
M

TDM
H.248 /
IP

MGW
MGW

NIWU
IW1S1

IP

NIS1

IPFG
E

NIP1

IP4S
1

Virtual MGW
TDM and (AAL1 PVC) resources are dedicated to a certain MSC
server.
IP and ATM AAL2 resources all visible to all MSC servers and
thus shared by all.

CCSU
/SIGU
CCSU
/SIGU
MSS 1

CCSU
/SIGU
MSS 2

H.248
IP

ISU

H.248
IP

ISU

H.248
IP

NIW
NIW
UU

TDM
resources
for Virtual
MGW 1

TDM resources
NIW
NIW
UU for Virtual MGW 2

ISU

IPNI
IP
ResourcesU
for all MSSs

NIS1

ATM AAL2
Resources
for all MSSs

MGW Upgrade U1.5 -> U5


When M12 is updated to MSC, there are three
options for MGW:
1) Rel.99 functionality in MGW is upgraded to Rel.4, i.e.
MGW is upgraded from ATM module to MSC-server
MGW
2) SW package is changed to U5, but the whole network
element remains in Rel.99 phase.
3.) If MSC server functionality is not used in MSC M12 ,
then MGW may remain in U2 level.

Preparation Steps
First Steps:
Steps:
First
1) SW
SW package
package change
change
1)
2) Mandatory
Mandatory HW
HW additions
additions
2)
3) Backbone
Backbone configuration
configuration
3)

With No
No Remarkable
Remarkable
With
Service break
break
Service

SW package is first changed to U2


following the normal upgrade
procedures. MGW continues
with Rel.99 functionality.
(other network element upgrades:
(OSS, NEMU, MSC, optionally also
RNC)
Mandatory HW changes are then
done (Insertion of VANU
mandatory, IP-NIU is added if IP
backbone is used).
Rel.4 specific modifications are
then prepared (without affecting
the traffic):
Backbone interface units are
added and interface specific
management actions are done.
H.248 links between MGW and
MSS are created.

HW additions in U2 Upgrade
Voice announcements unit
(VANU)
VANU provides voice
announcements like VANG
unit in DX series. Processing
capacity 400 000 BHCA per
unit.

IP-NIU unit, (not needed, if


IP over ATM is used.)

Other HW changes depend on


the interfaces and needed
capacity.

Rel.99 to Rel.4
RNCs are locked in
the MSC one at a
4)
RANAP
link
4) RANAP link
MSC
time
changes
Server
changes
RANAP links are
SIGTRAN changed to MSC
Service break
break to
to BSSAP'
H.248 server over SIGTRAN
Service
(Signaling Point Code
one RNC
RNC at
at aa time
time
one
IP
changes)
E1/TDM
User plane routing
RNC in Rel.99 use
changes are done,
Control of MGW
connections is
changed to H.248

MGW
MGW
RNC in Rel.4 use

When configuring is
ready, RNC is
Backbone
unlocked in MSC ->
traffic starts again,
now according to

MGW Capacity Roadmap


Year
2002

Release Number of Ports


U2, U2.1

BHCA

30 000

600 000

2003

U5

30 000

600 000

2004

U5

30 000

600 000

ote. Maximum number of simultaneous calls is the number of


ports divided by two, i.e. 15000.
more capacity is needed, several MGWs can be placed to same s
nd clustered to establish a big capacity network element.

Main Features in U2

H.248
Transport Signalling Gateway
ATM AAL2 , IP and TDM connectivity
Speech processing: Echo cancellation, announcements, conference
functionality, In-band tones & Transcoding (Codecs: GSM FR, EFR and
GSM/3G AMR, G.711)
Statistics and subscriber trace
TrFO and TFO
Data calls
Upgrade from Rel.99 to Rel.4
IP QoS (DiffServ)
IPv4 & IPv6 dual-stack

Multimedia Gateway Rel.99 functionality (no new features compared to


U2 content)

U5 Features
STM-1 VC-12 unit for TDM connections over
STM-1
AAL1 over SVC and PVC
UNI4.0 signalling
IPSec
Text Telephony (TTY)
AAL2 Bearer modification during call (AAL2
signalling CS2)
ABNF (text) coding for H.248 protocol

Further Reading
MGW U2 Product Description in Marketing intranet or in U2
program Web. Updated in November 2001
MSC server business program Web:
NET homepage --> IP Mobility Networks --> Mobile Core
Networks --> MSC Server:
- MSC Server Survival Kit (a lot of relevant links collected)
- Technical Studies
- Technical Training Material
MGW features training material in U2 Program web site
(Company Confidential): MCN --> Product Programs --> Mobile
Switching Product Programs --> U2 --> Training
Feature Web:

http://www.net.nokia.com/NET/NWS/MSG/MSCHLR/features.nsf
(Company Confifental)
- M12 Features
- U2 Features
- U2.1 Features

Conclusions
MGW commercially available from U2 release
onwards, smooth evolution path to upcoming
U releases.
Rel.99 & Rel.4 functionality in the same U5
release.
Same U5 release fulfills also the known
requirements for All-IP networks.
U5 release for commercial utilization, U5
brings some additional features.