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Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Mustard Family
ca. 420 genera
/>4100 species

Lepidium (pepper
grass, whitetop)
Sisymbrium (London
rocket)
Brassica (cole crops)
Lesquerella
(bladderpod)
Draba
Descurainia (tansey
mustard)

Brassicaceae

Life Form

Flowers and Inflorescence

Stems and Leaves

Reproductive Structures

Plants usually herbaceous,


sometimes woody.

Flowers bisexual and mostly


regular. Inflorescence typically a
raceme.

Leaves alternate, simple or divided.


Major leaves often in basal rosette.

Perianth
Four distinct sepals and petals.
Petals have claw at base and form
cross when fully open.

Six stamens, usually with four long and two


short filaments. Superior ovary on prolonged
receptacle (gynophore); two carpels that form
two-chambered capsule-like fruit with
persistent central divider

Fruit
Silique, silicle or capsule.

Brassicaceae

Life Form

Flowers and Inflorescence

Stems and Leaves

Reproductive Structures

Plants usually herbaceous,


sometimes woody.

Flowers bisexual and mostly


regular. Inflorescence typically a
raceme.

Leaves alternate, simple or divided.


Major leaves often in basal rosette.

Perianth
Four distinct sepals and petals.
Petals have claw at base and form
cross when fully open.

Six stamens, usually with four long and two


short filaments. Superior ovary on prolonged
receptacle (gynophore); two carpels that form
two-chambered capsule-like fruit with
persistent central divider

Fruit
Silique, silicle or capsule.

Brassicaceae

Major leaves in basal rosette (Arabidopsis


sp.)

Life Form

Flowers and Inflorescence

Stems and Leaves

Reproductive Structures

Plants usually herbaceous,


sometimes woody.

Flowers bisexual and mostly


regular. Inflorescence typically a
raceme.

Leaves alternate, simple or divided.


Major leaves often in basal rosette.

Perianth
Four distinct sepals and petals.
Petals have claw at base and form
cross when fully open.

Six stamens, usually with four long and two


short filaments. Superior ovary on prolonged
receptacle (gynophore); two carpels that form
two-chambered capsule-like fruit with
persistent central divider

Fruit
Silique, silicle or capsule.

Brassicaceae

4 + 2 stamens

claw

Cruciform

Gynophore

Eurosids II & Euasterids I

Brassicaceae

Lesquerella graclis

Brassicaceae

Brassicaceae

Life Form

Flowers and Inflorescence

Stems and Leaves

Reproductive Structures

Plants usually herbaceous,


sometimes woody.

Flowers bisexual and mostly


regular. Inflorescence typically a
raceme.

Leaves alternate, simple or divided.


Major leaves often in basal rosette.

Perianth
Four distinct sepals and petals.
Petals have claw at base and form
cross when fully open.

Six stamens, usually with four long and two


short filaments. Superior ovary on prolonged
receptacle (gynophore); two carpels that form
two-chambered capsule-like fruit with
persistent central divider

Fruit
Silique, silicle or capsule.

Brassicaceae

4 + 2 stamens

claw

Cruciform

Gynophore

Eurosids II & Euasterids I

Brassicaceae

10

Life Form

Flowers and Inflorescence

Stems and Leaves

Reproductive Structures

Plants usually herbaceous,


sometimes woody.

Flowers bisexual and mostly


regular. Inflorescence typically a
raceme.

Leaves alternate, simple or divided.


Major leaves often in basal rosette.

Perianth
Four distinct sepals and petals.
Petals have claw at base and form
cross when fully open.

Six stamens, usually with four long and two


short filaments. Superior ovary on prolonged
receptacle (gynophore); two carpels that form
two-chambered capsule-like fruit with
persistent central divider

Fruit
Silique, silicle or capsule.

Brassicaceae

Raphanus sativus

Silique
Dry, dehiscent fruit of Brassicaceae
with two valves separating from
the placentae and septum (replum)

Eurosids II & Euasterids I

Brassicaceae

Siliques

Silicles
Less than twice as
long as is wide

Brassicaceae

Brassicaceae

Lesquerella montan

Brassicaceae

Sisymbrium irio

Brassicaceae