You are on page 1of 58

The Metric

System
“I’m ten times better
than the Standard system
of measurement!”
Let’s do some review work
before we begin.
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 10
15 x 10 =
235 x 10 =
12.4 x 10 =
43.2 x 10 =
853.56 x 10 =
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 10
15 x 10 = 150
235 x 10 =
12.4 x 10 =
43.2 x 10 =
853.56 x 10 =
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 10
15 x 10 = 150
235 x 10 = 2350
12.4 x 10 =
43.2 x 10 =
853.56 x 10 =
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 10
15 x 10 = 150
235 x 10 = 2350
12.4 x 10 = 124
43.2 x 10 =
853.56 x 10 =
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 10
15 x 10 = 150
235 x 10 = 2350
12.4 x 10 = 124
43.2 x 10 = 432
853.56 x 10 =
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 10
15 x 10 = 150
235 x 10 = 2350
12.4 x 10 = 124
43.2 x 10 = 432
853.56 x 10 = 8535.6
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 100
15 x 100 =
235 x 100 =
12.4 x 100 =
43.2 x 100 =
853.56 x 100 =
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 100
15 x 100 = 1500
235 x 100 =
12.4 x 100 =
43.2 x 100 =
853.56 x 100 =
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 100
15 x 100 = 1500
235 x 100 = 23500
12.4 x 100 =
43.2 x 100 =
853.56 x 100 =
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 100
15 x 100 = 1500
235 x 100 = 23500
12.4 x 100 = 1240
43.2 x 100 =
853.56 x 100 =
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 100
15 x 100 = 1500
235 x 100 = 23500
12.4 x 100 = 1240
43.2 x 100 = 4320
853.56 x 100 =
Multiply each of the following
numbers by 100
15 x 100 = 1500
235 x 100 = 23500
12.4 x 100 = 1240
43.2 x 100 = 4320
853.56 x 100 = 85356
Divide each of the following
numbers by 10
230 ÷ 10 =
4500 ÷ 10 =
123.5 ÷ 10 =
21.6 ÷ 10 =
8.465 ÷ 10 =
Divide each of the following
numbers by 10
230 ÷ 10 = 23
4500 ÷ 10 =
123.5 ÷ 10 =
21.6 ÷ 10 =
8.465 ÷ 10 =
Divide each of the following
numbers by 10
230 ÷ 10 = 23
4500 ÷ 10 = 450
123.5 ÷ 10 =
21.6 ÷ 10 =
8.465 ÷ 10 =
Divide each of the following
numbers by 10
230 ÷ 10 = 23
4500 ÷ 10 = 450
123.5 ÷ 10 = 12.35
21.6 ÷ 10 =
8.465 ÷ 10 =
Divide each of the following
numbers by 10
230 ÷ 10 = 23
4500 ÷ 10 = 450
123.5 ÷ 10 = 12.35
21.6 ÷ 10 = 2.16
8.465 ÷ 10 =
Divide each of the following
numbers by 10
230 ÷ 10 = 23
4500 ÷ 10 = 450
123.5 ÷ 10 = 12.35
21.6 ÷ 10 = 2.16
8.465 ÷ 10 = .8465
Divide each of the following
numbers by 100
230 ÷ 100 =
4500 ÷ 100 =
123.5 ÷ 100 =
21.6 ÷ 100 =
8.465 ÷ 100 =
Divide each of the following
numbers by 100
230 ÷ 100 = 2.30
4500 ÷ 100 =
123.5 ÷ 100 =
21.6 ÷ 100 =
8.465 ÷ 100 =
Divide each of the following
numbers by 100
230 ÷ 100 = 2.30
4500 ÷ 100 = 45.00
123.5 ÷ 100 =
21.6 ÷ 100 =
8.465 ÷ 100 =
Divide each of the following
numbers by 100
230 ÷ 100 = 2.30
4500 ÷ 100 = 45.00
123.5 ÷ 100 = 1.235
21.6 ÷ 100 =
8.465 ÷ 100 =
Divide each of the following
numbers by 100
230 ÷ 100 = 2.30
4500 ÷ 100 = 45.00
123.5 ÷ 100 = 1.235
21.6 ÷ 100 = .216
8.465 ÷ 100 =
Divide each of the following
numbers by 100
230 ÷ 100 = 2.30
4500 ÷ 100 = 45.00
123.5 ÷ 100 = 1.235
21.6 ÷ 100 = .216
8.465 ÷ 100 = .08465
Nice Job!
If you can
multiply & divide
by 10 (or any
power of 10), then
the metric system
will be easy for
you.
THE METER
The meter is the starting point
for the metric system.

START
Here’s a meter stick!
It takes 10 decimeters to
make up 1 meter.
It takes 10 centimeters to
make up 1 decimeter.
If 1 meter = 10 decimeters
and
1 decimeter = 10 centimeters
then how many centimeters
make up 1 meter?
That’s right!
1 meter = 100 centimeters
100centimeters = 1 meter
It takes 10 millimeters to make
up 1 centimeter.

Boy, that’s
small!
If 1 meter = 10 decimeters
and
1 decimeter = 10 centimeters
and
1centimeter = 10 millimeters

then how many millimeters


make up 1 meter?
That’s right!
1000 millimeters = 1 meter
It takes 10 millimeters to make
up 1 centimeter.

Millimeters are so small that


they almost run together.
Now let’s take a
closer look at some
measuring devices.
This is a magnified image
of a ruler/meter stick.

1 2 3 4

This is one centimeter.


This is a magnified image
of a ruler/meter stick.

1 2 3 4

This is half of a centimeter.


This is a magnified image
of a ruler/meter stick.

1 2 3 4

This is one millimeter.


This key
measures 3 cm.

1 2 3 4
Or you could say
that it measures
30 mm.

1 2 3 4
This key
measures 2.5 cm.

1 2 3 4
Or, you could say
that it measures
25 mm.

1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4

This toy car measures 4.2 cm.


1 2 3 4

Or, you could say it measures 42 mm.


The metric system deals with
powers of 10
1 meter =
10 decimeters =
100 centimeters =
1000 millimeters
How many centimeters
make up 2 meters?
That’s right! There are
200 centimeters in 2
meters.
How many millimeters
make up 2 meters?
That’s right! There are
2000 millimeters in 2
meters.
How many decimeters
make up 2 meters?
That’s right! There are
20 decimeters in 2
meters.
The metric system really
is 10 times better than our
standard system of
measurement. It is very
easy to convert from one
unit to another.
You must simply
multiply by 10, 100, or
1000.

OR

You must simply divide


by 10, 100, or 1000.
The end.