You are on page 1of 40

Unity of Ideas

This is achieved when the


sentences express one or more
than one idea that are related
to one another and to the
central idea.

Persian,

Siamese, Bengal, Maine


Coon, Japanese Bobtail

Cat

is...playful, intelligent,
independent, required attention,
very healthy....

What

is the topic based on the


given details?

Persian

is an exotic kind of cat.

Persian

has fluffy fur coats. Its nose is as


small as a button. It has a piercing yellow
or blue eyes. It is usually quiet and just
like to sleep around.

What

is the topic? How is the topic


described?

Example:

(1)

Savannah, Georgia, is an interesting


city to visit. (2) Atlanta, Georgia, also
attracts many visitors. (3) In downtown
Savannah, several historic houses dating
back to the early nineteenth century are
open to the public. (4) When one takes a
walking tour, they will easily see the treelined squares the city is famous for.

Which sentence above is


irrelevant?

1)

The students in our class meet each


Monday to plan our weekly newspaper.
(2) Reporters decide which school-related
events to cover. (3) Artists plan the cover
of our paper and decide which articles to
illustrate. (4) My mother loves the
illustrations in our class newspaper. (5)
Feature writers suggest topics they think
will interest our readers.

Which sentence above is


irrelevant?

Computers

help writers in a number of


ways. (2) With a computer, a writer never
has to face a messy draft. material can be
inserted or deleted easily. (3) Writers are
always changing and rearranging their
work. (4) A writer can also move a word,
sentence, or paragraph by pressing a few
keys. (5) The material can easily be
stored on a disk.

Which sentence above is


irrelevant?

Language

can be formal, informal,


humorous, sad, ironic, sarcastic, etc.
The language that you used depends upon
the
Subject
Purpose of the sentence
Kind of the audience
Choose the language appropriate to the
level of the audience.

Consistency in Language Level

This

is achieved by using only one


language.
Avoid code switching.
If using a foreign language is necessary,
use another language by enclosing it in
quotation marks, underscoring, italicizing,
or boldfacing.

Consistency of Language

say Bon Voyage to my friends.


Richard is the cream of the crop
in our section.
Call the sanitary engineer to
mop the floor.
Fortunato is a virtuoso and most
adored connoisseur in wine.

Highlight the foreign word.

That

is a
supercalifragilidocious
idea!
The idea is _____.
We are the workers;
we are the mobs.
We are the ____.

cannot follow the


gobbledygook lecture.
The lecture is ____.
Is the lecture not going
to end? I am peckish!
I am ____.

For

the reason that b___________


tendered his resignation r________
told his listeners s____
in the immediate vicinity n_____
at the present time n___
affixed his signature s______
held a conference m________

Avoid verbal deadwoods.

atrocious

or t_rr_bl_?
brickbat or _ns_lt?
benevolent or g_ _d?
camaraderie or fr _ _nd?

Use simple words.

Euphemism
To

conceal the offending nature


of the word or phrase, but still
gets the meaning across.

Use restraint

Euphemism
Adult

entertainment P
Armed intervention W
Between jobs U
Call of Nature U

Use restraint

Euphemism
Categorical

inaccuracy - L
Character line - W
Collateral damage C C
Correctional facility - P

Use restraint

Euphemism
Expecting

P
Freedom fighters R
Full bodied O
Indisposed - S

Use restraint

JARGON
These

are technical terms


only used in a specific
profession or certain
organization.

Use restraint

JARGON
Lesson

plan / LP for teachers


Debit/Credit for bankers
Wer na U? for Jejemon

Use restraint

JARGON

Chat

words
Use restraint

Use
restraint
LOL
ASL
;-)
:

-|

CLICH
trite

expressions;
Use restraint
something obvious;
unoriginal terms;
boring phrases

CLICH
It

made my blood boil.


It made me _____.
I roll my eyes.

Use restraint

I did it because

____.

CLICH
She

was
on
the
Use restraint
spot.
The teacher calls
her to _____.

CLICH
That was easy as pie.
The exam is ________.
That was pretty hard to swallow.
The lecture is _.

Use restraint

CLICH
There was a glimmer of hope in
his eye.
If you are courting a girl, she will
say ____.

Use restraint

CLICH
They

couldnt see eye to eye.


The father and his daughter
cannot ____.

Use restraint

CLICH
There

was
a
give
Use restraint
and take.
If you love him,
you should ___.

SLANG
Colorful,

lively
Use restraint
language that is in
and out of fashion.
Informal language

SLANG
Coulda,

woulda, shoulda think it

through!
Use
restraint

Whaddaya mean?
Wanna come? Gotcha!

SLANG
Can

you
catch
up
Use restraint
in our lesson?
I am asking if
______.

SLANG
Lets

check
out
the
Use restraint
new mall!
I am asking you to
____.

SLANG
You

should
cut
out
Use restraint
biting your nails.
Im asking you to
____.

SLANG
Did

the
president
Use restraint
pass away?
The president
____.

SLANG
I

guess we should go over with


our lecture one more time.

Use restraint

We should _____

_.

SLANG
I

cannot put up with her!


Maybe she is _______.
Too flashy outfit! Am I wearing
appropriately?

Use restraint

SUBJECTIVE

OBJECTIVE

POSSESSIVE

HUMAN
(WHO)
NON-HUMAN
(WHICH)
HUMAN/NONHUMAN
(THAT)

WHOM

WHOSE

WHICH

WHICH

THAT

THAT

RELATIVE PRONOUNS

This

is used before the


dependent clause.
The only one of the pupils
who did not have an
assignment is you.
He chooses that fruit that the
people like to eat the most.
Uses of Relative Pronoun

Relative

Pronouns as Subject
The lad who called me is his
son.
The ideas that were discussed
yesterday was about unity.
She who called me is my
mother.
Uses of Relative Pronoun

Relative

Pronouns as Direct
I asked Carlo whom I can
trust a lot.
You need this bag that
contains all your make-up kit.

Uses of Relative Pronoun

Ex. 1.27 p.47. Read the paragraph, The Creation and


answer the questions.
Ex. 1.29 pp. 49. Choose the correct word.
God created
Ex. 1.30 pp. 51-52. Rewrite each sentence.
In the Ati-atihan Festival, the rhythm peals with Hala
bira! Quera pasma! (Keep on going, keep on).

Answer the following workbook


activities: