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The way we view human relationships. It is the way people live their life in different areas. Goes on from one generation to next one.
THE FOLLOWING ARE CONSIDERED IN VIEW OF CULTURA L DIFFERENCES
High and low context Power distance ±high/low Individualistic/collective Time- Monochronic / Polychronic
The following are the attributes of Korean culture:
Have a high context culture. Power distance is high. Believe in collectivism . They are relationship focused.
Korean business Part 1 ± Working in Korea (Pre(Preydeparture) Working practices in Korea
Before doing business in Korea prior appointments are required . The most suitable times to arrange a business meeting are normally between 10am and 12pm or 2pm and 4pm. For both social occasions and business meetings, punctuality is essential. It is recommended that you send any proposals, company brochures, and marketing material, written in both Korean and English, as a preview for your Korean contacts before you visit the country.
Structure and hierarchy in Korean companies
Korea is known for its vertical social structure based on age and social status. The organizational arrangement of Korean companies is highly centralized with authority concentrated in senior levels. Influenced by Confucianism, Koreans respect for authority is paramount in their business culture and practices. High-ranking individuals tend to have more power over their subordinates than in the West.
Working relationships in Korea
Age is the most essential component within a relationship in Korea. Personal ties in Korea, often take precedence over job seniority, rank or other factors, and have significant influence over the structure and management of Korean companies.
Korea business Part 2 - Doing business in Korea
The exchange of business cards in Korea is vital for initiating introductions.
It is advised to have the reverse side of your card translated into Korean.
Cards should be presented and accepted with both hands and must be read and studied with respect and consideration before placing them on the table
It is important to emphasis your title so that the correct authority, status, and rank is established.
Korean Business Meeting Etiquette
Avoid saying 'no' directly. Break up your speech with pauses for questions and to facilitate translation.
Present business cards with both hands. Send proposals and meeting agendas ahead of time
Shake hands with expatriates after the bow, thereby blending both cultural styles
Information about the other person will be given to the person they are being introduced to in advance of the actual meeting.
The person who initiates the bow says, "man-na-suh pangop-sumnida", which means "pleased to meet you."
When you leave a social gathering, say good-bye and bow to each person individually.
Gift Giving Etiquette
y y y y y y y y y
Bring fruit or good quality chocolates or flowers if invited to a Korean's home. Gifts should be wrapped nicely. The number 4 is considered unlucky, so gifts should not be given in multiples of 4. Giving 7 of an item is considered lucky. Wrap gifts in red or yellow paper, since these are royal colors. Do not wrap gifts in green, white, or black paper. Do not sign a card in red ink. Use both hands when offering a gift. Gifts are not opened when received.
Business attire is conservative. y Men should wear dark- colored, conservative business suits with white shirts. y Women should dress conservatively and wear subdued colors. y Men should avoid wearing jewellery other than a watch or a wedding ring.
It is common for guests to meet at a common spot and travel together. y You may arrive up to 30 minutes late without giving offence. y Remove your shoes before entering the house. y The hostess does not pour drinks. y Send a thank you note the following day after being invited to dinner.
Never point your chopsticks. y Do not pierce your food with chopsticks. y Do not cross your chopsticks when putting them on the chopstick rest. y Try a little bit of everything. It is acceptable to ask what something is. y Finish everything on your plate.
Values Honored in KoreanKoreanSpeaking Countries
y y y y y y y
Certainty and Structure Collectivity and Teamwork Conformity Endurance Loyalty Obedience Respect for Authority
Korean business etiquette
DO maintain an element of modesty and humility as these aspects are extremely important in Korean culture. With this in mind, you must try to avoid over-selling previous business achievements.
DO make direct eye-contact when addressing Korean business professionals, as it is important to indicate your honesty and interest. However, some Koreans do not make eye-contact for any length of time when in the presence of an authority figure as a sign of respect.
DO refrain from being overly impatient. The decision making process in Korea is often done collectively and will therefore require more time.
DON¶T address a Korean by his or her given name as it is considered extremely impolite Korean names begin with the family name and are followed by a two-part given name. The correct way to address a Korean is with Mr, Mrs, or Miss together with their family name. You should address your Korean counterparts using appropriate titles until specifically invited to do otherwise.
DON¶T display criticism in public. It should be conducted in private where loss of face will be diminished. In a similar vein, opposing someone directly can also cause a Korean to lose face and should be avoided.
DON¶T use large hand gestures or facial expressions. Talking or laughing loudly is also considered impolite in Korean culture