Below are some TYPICAL traditional
architectural fact categories. For any
specific situation some are more
relevant than others. Groupings may
also be different depending on the
problem (pertain to and involve
important building consequences).

1. Similar projects and Critical issues

(Competition)(Hard Data)



past projects of similar quality (goal
issues) ,function (performance issues),
circumstances and scope .Also called
review of literature.
critical issues involved in the building
type ( quality goal issues)
trends or development in the field
(competition, forces)

2. Client






client Mission Statement(MS), Goal
Statements(GS) & Performance
philosophy of the organization and vision
goals (GS) of the client’s process – sub goals to
achieve main goals – user goals
staff organization and framework – personnel
diagram or organizational chart (for space
rank and role /responsibilities of personnel (for
space size and space adjacency)
major departmental divisions within the
organization – role of each goals and sub-goals

related (non-client) organizations which might affect planning m. divergence of present operations form expressed goals – possible improvements j. does organization usually operate the way it is structured? I. cont’d g. individuals of committees responsible for planning with architect – role and responsibility in decision making l. impact of change or growth of related organization .Client . “channels”) h. critical issues involved in the organization (people to people relationships. degree of achievement of sub-goals k.

3. escalation. loans. local construction market. concurrent similar projects taxing public support construction phasing – prices. incremental construction . interest rates. Financial (Cost) a) b) c) d) budget – firmness . strong and weak local trades. degree of flexibility funding methods – bonds. fund raising timing – construction costs.

comparative cost data on similar projects which have been constructed .Financial. cont’d e) f) design requirements of lending institutions f.

Building Codes a) b) c) d) architectural plans occupancy allowed. minimum size of rooms. towers if any structural loads allowed exits required stairs (number type.4. minimum heights of ceilings. fire rating. access. maximum heights of buildings/structures. minimum distances to reach stairs) . size.

cctv.) . door controls. cont’d e) f) g) h) i) j) fire ratings required of materials ventilation – openings toilets (number and fixtures of each) fire sprinklers alarm systems security systems (ex.Building Codes .

planning criteria) projected construction of similar projects . by-laws.5. Planning by related organizations a) b) c) d) duplication of services review boards approval boards (local and national regulations.

waiting. fittings. utilities. janitor) main operational sequences –“feeder sequences” which support main sequences . furniture and tools.6. Function a) b) c) d) operational system – including links beyond the building critical issues in insuring success in the system’s operation needs-internal and external facilities. toilet. and equipment which are supporting to operation (lounge.

6. equipment/machine by each type of person . Function . cont’d e) divisions or departments in the system f) general departmental relationship affinities g) number and type of people involved (task categories) h) operations performed and furniture.

4. 2.I. points of origin and destination frequency and pattern (continual or intermittent) degree of urgency role in overall operation peak loads . 5. systems of people movement/circulation 1. 3.

phones. 2. 4.j. 3. computer hookups. points of origin and destination frequency and pattern (continual or intermittent) degree of urgency (speed required) role in overall operation form . systems of information movement (include paper flow. 5.) 1. multimedia conversation. etc.

). cont’d 6. multi-media conversation. computer hookups. operations performed on information (including production and removal of trash) 8. storage implications and special vaults 7. etc. phones. peak loads .systems of information movement (include paper flow.

degree of urgency (speed required) 4. role in the overall operation . utility services as paper and foods. points of origin and destination (including delivery and pickup) 2. frequency and pattern (continual or intermittent) 3. etc.k.) 1. furniture. equipment. systems of material movement ( raw and finished material.

etc. 7. systems of material movement ( raw and finished material. furniture. 9.). 6. equipment.cont’d 5.k. weight) special considerations operations performed on information (including production and removal of trash) storage implications peak loads . form (size. 8. utility services as paper and foods.

L. 5. number. 2. work nodes (stations where work is performed) 1. 3. clients) . 6. 4. type and relationships number and type of people at each nature of tasks performed key issues in successful of tasks identification of possible sources of strain in performing tasks furniture and equipment required for each person (including visitors.

8. 11. work nodes (stations where work is performed) .L. area requirements for each node circulation patterns within each node (people. material. locked) general electrical requirements at each node criteria for selecting architectural surfaces and detailing special relationships with other work . closed. 9. 10. cont’d 7. information) safety and security requirements (open. 12.

window need for total darkness need for controlled lighting . indirect skylight vs.(13) lighting requirements a) b) c) d) e) f) intensity required at task incandescent vs. fluorescent direct vs.

(14) sensory (a) type and intensity stimuli produced (noise. electromagnetic radiation. odors. atmosphere) . bacteria) (b) type and intensity of stimuli which must be excluded or screened (including visual privacy) (c) important environmental situations (mood. dust. vibration.

(15) air conditioning requirements (a) heat generated by equipment and people (b)special air circulation or ventilation requirements (isolation. decontamination) (c) special temperature requirements (d) air additives (e) special controls over air conditioning . 100% exhaust.

cont’d (f) groupings of similar air conditioning requirements (g) total needs (h) space required for mechanical equipment (i) vibration control (j) heating and cooling seasons   .(15) air conditioning requirements .

legal description of property (boundaries and property lines and secure concrete monuments.7. curbs. Site Conditions a. hydrants. poles) . deed restrictions. dimensions. curb cuts. easements. rights of way.

4. zoning 1. Setbacks access points relation to street lights and median breaks Density heights allowed parking required .b. commercial. 3. present allowable uses whether residential. 7. 5. 2. industrial. etc. agricultural. 6.

drainage capacities (present and projected) . 2. 3. water. locations distances to site depths telephone. sewer. gas. 5. 4. electrical .c. utilities 1.

soil conditions 1. 4. Percolation bearing chemicals density e. land contours 5. Elevations drainage patterns including from and to adjacent land flood basins (tides) . 2.d. 6. 7. 3.

e. cont’d (4) blocked visual access due to mound and ridges (5) points of visual emphasis (6) flat areas (7) slope orientation to surrounding areas (visually) f. significant features (1) rock outcroppings (2) existing buildings . land contours .

9. tree types limb spread Heights ground cover (where drainage may be affected) . cont’d 3.f. significant features . Ditches 4. existing foliage 6. 7. water 5. trees g. 8.

good views. 3. pattern. 2. sensory 1. noise/audibility (direction. type. probability for continuance) visual/visibility (poor views. public and private zones. frequency. probability of continuance) odors/olfactory (direction. pattern. intensity. intensity. reliability of continuance of views) .h.

car-pedestrian to and from significant points time-distance on site j. Volume location .i. 3. 2. existing pedestrian traffic on and around site 4. 5. time-distance 1.

motorbikes. cars. 4. trucks.j. buses. existing pedestrian traffic on and around site . existing vehicular traffic 6. tricycles. cont’d 3. etc) on and around the site Volume location . 5. frequency and pattern nature possible contribution to these activities k. 7. (bicycles.

k.cont’d (3) frequency and pattern (4) nature (5) possible contribution to these activities . existing vehicular traffic .

surrounding physical environment (1) surrounding zoning (2) possible development on adjacent and surrounding property (3) profile (skyline) (4) scale (5) image (6) materials (7) forms (8) density .l.

cont’d (10) orientation (views of the site from other points) (11) landscaping forms (12) details (13) geometry (existing paving patterns. axes. surrounding physical environment . modules and rhythms) . building edges and heights. walls.l.

adjacent buildings and other structures) .m. surrounding social environment 1. 3. 2. identifiable patterns ethnic groups and values relationships between groups n. shadow patterns on the site (trees.

3. 4. 6.o. vehicles) needs (present and projected) area required drop-offs required at entry lighting and signages required special controls (restricted parking) on-site circulation required (between buildings) . parking and site circulation 1. 5. motorbikes. 2. (for bicycles.

8. supporting circulation (to lunch. 11. to work) volume and frequency patterns (peak loads) patterns of direction of entry approach and departure (people and cars) existing roads surrounding land values . 10. 9. cont’d 7. parking and site circulation .o.

floods.tsunami)   q. Highest And Best Use (HABU) consideration .(storm surges.p. check with government agencies nature and location of lot if away from earthquake fault line (Phivolcs in the Philippines) and disaster history in the area. landslides .

rainfall (frequency. potential natural catastrophes (tornado. wind. directions. sunlight (critical vertical and horizontal angles) c. patterns) b. extremes) d. temperatures (seasons. extremes) e. flood) . percentages) g. earthquake. Climate a. hurricane.8. volume. velocity. humidity (seasons. percentages) f. breezes (seasons. snow (seasons.

9. areas of expected changes in operations (layout and building perimeter implications) f. projected changes in information or material systems (disposables) . Growth and Change a. present and projected supporting market of public served b. anticipated deletion of departments and addition of new departments e. projected staffing (number and type) c. projected goals and supporting sub-goals d.

cont’d g.9. design and parking implications) i. Growth and Change . projected utility needs – comparison with present and projected supply capacities . influence of growth and change of one department on all others h. cost. future area needs (construction.

each of these fact categories may be EXPANDED to more DETAIL depending on the design requirements.   . There are also many other fact categories not listed here that pertain to some of the other programming FORMS (long range plan).C.   Every fact and category and specific fact contained under its heading involves CONSEQUENCES that the building has on its environment and contained functions and which the environment has upon the building.