Diffusivity Equation

Home Introduction Learning Objectives Introduction Analytical Solution Linear Systems Radial Systems Analytical Solution Program Exercise Resources Radial System HOME Linear System Programming Exercise Resources Info FAQ Referenc es Summar y .

we need partial differential equations that describe the fluids flowing and the reservoir they are flowing in.Introduction Learning Objectives Introduction Analytical Solution Linear Systems Radial Systems Program Exercise Resources In analysis of fluid flow in petroleum reservoirs. Then we need to be able to solve the equations for the conditions of flow that we are interested in. Derivation of the equations normally involves the following elements:     Continuity equations Darcy’s equations PVT relationships for the fluids Compressibility of reservoir rock Examples of such equations are the simplest forms of the diffusivity equations for linear and radial flow Info FAQ Referenc es Summar y .

Introduction Learning Objectives Introduction Analytical Solution Linear Systems Below. the geometries of the two simple reservoir systems and the corresponding partial differential equations are shown: Radial Systems  2P Program Exercise Resources x=L Q x=0 Linear flow c P ( ) k t x 2 1 P c P (r )  r r r k t r Radial flow Info FAQ Referenc es Summar y .

and boundary conditions. we need to have initial conditions. i. initial pressure distribution in the system.e.Analytical Solution Learning Objectives Introduction Analytical Solution Linear Systems Radial Systems Program Exercise Resources In order to solve the partial differential equations shown earlier. We will examine two of the most common sets of conditions and analytical solutions for these Linear System Radial System Info FAQ Referenc es Summar y .e. rates or pressures at for instance left and right sides of the systems. i.

It is valid for one-dimensional flow of a liquid in a horizontal system. in it’s simplest form. where fluid is being injected into the left face at a flow rate Q. Radial Systems Program Exercise Resources The one-phase partial differential equation (PDE) for this system. we have a horizontal porous rod. viscosity (). The injected fluid will be transported through the rod and eventually be produced out of the right face of the rod. where it is assumed that porosity ( ). PR PL Qout x=L Qin x=0 Info FAQ Referenc es Summar y .Linear System Learning Objectives Introduction Analytical Solution Linear Systems For the linear system. is called the linear diffusivity equation. permeability (k ) and compressibility (c ) all are constants.

we have the following analytical solution:  x 2  1 n2  2 k n x   P(x. respectively. and we assume constant pressures at the end faces. PL and PR for left and right faces.Linear System Learning Objectives Introduction Analytical Solution Linear Systems Radial Systems Program Exercise Resources The linear diffusivity equation may be written as:  2 P c  P ( ) 2 x k t (1) Continue If the initial pressure of the rod is PR .t )  PL  (PR  PL )  exp(  2 t )sin( ) L c L   L  n 1 n  Info FAQ Referenc es (2) Summar y .

and eventually the solution reduces to the steadystate form: Radial Systems Program Exercise Resources  x 2  1 n2  2 k n x   P(x. the exponential term becomes smaller. t. As time increases. as well as time.Linear System Learning Objectives Introduction Analytical Solution Linear Systems The pressure solution is dependent on position. x.t )  PL  (PR  PL )  exp(  2 t )sin( ) L c L   L  n 1 n  (2) (3) which is the expression for a straight line ? Click to see what the equation reduces to as time increases Info FAQ Referenc es Summar y .

Transient and eventually approach the solution Initial and right side final distribution (steady pressure x state). described by a straight line between the two end pressures Info FAQ Referenc es Summar y .Linear System Learning Objectives Introduction The corresponding steady state differential equation is obtained by setting the right hand side of Eq. the solution may be presented as: As can be observed from the Left side figure. the pressure will pressure increase in all parts of the Steady state system for some period of solution time (transient solution). (1) equal to zero: Analytical Solution Linear Systems d 2P 0 dx 2 Radial Systems Program Exercise Resources P (4) Graphically.

Radial System Learning Objectives Introduction Analytical Solution Linear Systems For the radial system below (one-dimensional cylindrical coordinates). The one-phase one-dimensional (radial) flow equation (PDE) in this coordinate system becomes: Radial Systems Program Exercise Resources Continue 1   1 P   c  P   k  r r r  r r  (5) rw r For an infinite reservoir at an initial pressure P i and with P(r∞)=Pi Continue and well rate q from a well in the center (at r=rw) the analytical solution is:  cr 2  q (6) P  Pi  Ei   4 kh  4kt   u e where is the integral Ei( x) exponential  du  x u Info FAQ Referenc es Summar y . where fluid is being injected at the outer boundary and produced at the center. we have a horizontal porous disk.

if we use a different set of boundary conditions. so that: Radial Systems Program Exercise Resources P(r  rw )  Pw (7) P(r  re )  Pe Continue we can solve the steady state form of the equation: 1 d  1 dP  0 r dr  r dr  (8) By integrating twice. the steady state solutionContinue becomes: P  Pw  Pe  Pw  lnr / rw  lnre / rw  (9) Info FAQ Referenc es Summar y . However.Radial System Learning Objectives Introduction Analytical Solution Linear Systems A steady state solution does not exist for an infinite system. since the pressure will continue to decrease as long as we produce from the center.