IP Multimedia

Subsystem
Gaurav Gautam

University College Cork CS6316

1

History


Analog (Telephone Voice Switches)
Digital (Voice
IP
• Concept “softswitch” emerged(i.e. Open
API to bridge a PSTN and VOIP)[1].
standardized reference architecture
IMS
• emerging architectural framework,
• based on SIP and IP, for offering
multimedia, VoIP services and fixed
mobile convergence.

University College Cork CS6316

2

Introduction Defined by 3GPP and 3GPP2 standards and organizations based on IETF Internet protocols. 802. • standardized reference architecture • University College Cork CS6316 3 . 802. • It is access independent as it supports IP to IP session over wireline IP. CDMA.15. packet data along with GSM/EDGE/UMTS and other packet data applications.11.

Cable.) can interface with IMS University College Cork CS6316 4 . Multi-access: diverse access networks (WiFi. reliable and trusted – Multi-services: Any type of service may be delivered by a common QoS enabled core network. IP based network   secure. CDMA2000.The IMS will provide a multi-service multiprotocol. etc. WiMAX. multi-access. UMTS. xDSL.

GSM.Web.SIP.CDMA.RTSP) Transport (Wi-Fi.Messaging) IP CSCF (SCTP.IMS Layers Applications (Voice ..IP. Video.SS7) Access Network University College Cork CS6316 Access (PSTN) Services Control Transport Devices 5 .

routing distribution of IMS traffic between the transport layer and the service layer.High Level Functioning •Transfer Layer  responsible for the abstraction of the actual access networks. media servers. For example.  doing initial IP provisioning  facilitating the registration of devices with the higher layers. a pay-per-download service Call Session Control Function (CSCF) which facilitates the correct interaction between the application servers. and the Home Subscriber Service (HSS) University College Cork CS6316 6 . •Control Layer     authentication.

Elements of IMS Service layer :.High Level Functioning(cont) •Service Layer Final Level of Abstraction provides multimedia services to the overall IMS network  contains network elements which connect to the Serving-CSCF (Call Session Control Function) using the IP multimedia Subsystem Service Control Interface (ISC).OSA Service Capability Server and IM-SSF University College Cork CS6316 7 .SIP Application Server.

it is the endpoint. Core network:   This is a major element within the IMS architecture and provides all the core functionality. the user equipment or UE is part of the IMS architecture resides with the user . Access network:   This is the portion of the IMS architecture through which the overall network is accessed. Application layer:   The application layer contains the web portal and the application servers. which provide the end user with service and enhanced service controls. University College Cork CS6316 8 .IMS Architecture Basics     Main Elements :User equipment:   As the name implies.

IMS architecture functional view Simplified view of the functional IMS architecture University College Cork CS6316 9 .

Call Session Control Server provides the registration of the endpoints provides routing for the SIP signalling messages links to the interworking and transport layer to provide QoS University College Cork CS6316 10 .Main Elements of IMS •IMS CSCF .

•SLF (Subscription Locator Function) – Need when there are more than a single HSS(User address mapped to HSS).Slide Title •HSS .Home Subscriber Server   subscriber data base for the home network(Implemented using DIAMETER protocol). University College Cork CS6316 11 .

•BGCF .Breakout gateway control function  SIP proxy which processes requests for routing from an S-CSCF when the S-CSCF has determined that the session cannot be routed using DNS or ENUM/DNS Iincludes routing functionality based on telephone numbers University College Cork CS6316 12 .

Media Gateway Controller Function  interworks the SIP signalling manages the distribution of sessions across multiple media gateways •MSCF .Media server function control This manages the use of resources on media servers.SIP applications server service execution platform on which one or more services are deployed. •SIP-AS .Slide Title •MGCF . University College Cork CS6316 13 .

Common IMS core overview University College Cork CS6316 14 .

establishing emergency connections and controlling the communication with other networks[2]. • University College Cork CS6316 15 .CSCF – Call Session Control Function  Basic Features :- Used to process SIP processing. • intercepts call signaling and passes it to the application services for them to handle. • Comprises all functional modules required to manage signaling from enduser equipment. allocating application servers.

Proxy. •Secure SIP signaling transmission. University College Cork CS6316 16 . •Interface towards the Policy control architecture for authorization of the media.Call Session Control Function (P-CSCF) •This SIP proxy is first point of contact for IMS terminal. •Detection of IMS Emergency services.

Forwards SIP request or reponse to the S-CSCF. University College Cork CS6316 17 .Interrogating Call Session Control Function (I-CSCF)    located at the edge of an administrative domain Queries HSS to retrieve the address of the S-CSCF and assign it to a user performing SIP registration.

Responsible for routing and translation of the sessions. Assists in authenticating the user upon registration and retrieve the users service profile[3]. University College Cork CS6316 18 .Serving Call Session Control Function (SCSCF)    Central node for the provision of the SIP signaling.

Role of SIP in IMS      Main signaling protocol used in IMS. To establish.Works end to end. SIP signaling packets within IMS are normally processed by Call Session Control Function(CSCF). University College Cork CS6316 19 . Designed to enable additional multimedia sessions. modify and terminate multimedia sessions. There is single protocol.

com/fj/ourportfolio/products/cal l-session-control-function-cscf •[3]White Paper : Introduction to IMS.References •[1]http://searchnetworking.com/definiti on/ •[1]  Lucent IP Multimedia Subsystem Overview •[2] http://www.Ericsson (March 2007) University College Cork CS6316 20 .ericsson.techtarget.