INSTRUMENTASI

INDUSTRI

Pendahuluan
By :

Bhakti Yudho Suprapto, ST.MT
Djulil Amri, ST.MT

KONTRAK BELAJAR






Kehadiran min. 80%
Nilai tugas 10%
Nilai Kuis 15%
Nilai Mid test 30%
Nilai UAS 45%
Terlambat maks 15 menit
Tugas maks 1 minggu

MATERI

1. Pendahuluan
- Pengertian Instrumentasi Industri
- Arsitektur instrumentasi industri
- P&ID diagram
- Unit dan standard
2. Basic electrical komponen
3. Sistem Sensor
- Analog dan digital elektronik
- Tekanan
- Temperatur
- Aliran
- Level
- Posisi
 Pengukuran
 Kesalahan dan kalibrasi

Transformator.Peralatan Utama Sistem Kelistrikan (Motor. Pengkondisi sinyal 7.3. Rele proteksi) 8.Tuning Pengendali . Proses Kontrol . Override dan Split Control 4. Pneumatic) 6.Metode Cascade. Generator. Industrial Embedded dan Sistem Komunikasi . Programmable Logic Control 5. Hidrolic.Pengendali PID dan implementasi . Aktuator (Electric.Metode Feedforward predictive dan ratio control .

2006.”Industrial Process Sensors”. McGraw Hill. Sensor and Process Control”. ISBN : 978-1-4200-4416-4  .. ISBN : 0-07-145735-6  Scott.REFERENSI Dunn. William C. CRC Press..” Introduction to Instrumentation. 2008. David M.. Artech House. William C. 2005.”Fundamental of Industrial Instrumentation and Process Control”. ISBN : 1-58053-011-7  Dunn.

method. and function .PENGERTIAN INSTRUMENTASI INDUSTRI Instrumentasi  Instrumentasi It’s definition : tool.

ARSITEKTUR INSTRUMENTASI INDUSTRI PIRAMID INSTRUMENTASI INDUSTRI .

ARSITEKTUR INSTRUMENTASI INDUSTRI .

ARSITEKTUR INSTRUMENTASI INDUSTRI Physics Sensor Pengkondisi sinyal Pengendali Aktuator .

P & ID (PIPING & INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM) The electronics industry has standard symbols  to represent circuit components for use in circuit schematics and similarly the processing industry  A circuit schematic the processing industrial drawings are known as pipe and identification diagrams (P and ID)  represents how the components and elements in the processing plant are interconnected  Symbols have been developed to represent all of the components used in industrial processing and have been standardized by ANSI and ISA  .

gas or electrical and operating range of line All motors giving voltage and power and other relevant information Instrumentation showing location of instrument.P AND ID TYPICALLY SHOW THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF INFORMATION:  Plant equipment and vessels showing location.. process control loop number. capacity. recorders. its major function. and operating ranges All sensing devices. type of valve action. i. type of valve. fail save features. and transmitters with control loop numbers . pressure regulators. usage and so on All interconnection lines distinguishing between the types of interconnection. and flow plus pressure information The ranges for all safety valves. liquid level operating range. temperatures. and range Control valves giving type of control.       pressure.e.

SYMBOLS FOR INSTRUMENT LINE INTERCONNECTION .

ABBREVIATIONS FOR SECONDARY FLOW LINES .

STANDARDIZED INSTRUMENT SYMBOLS .

INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION LETTERS .

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EXAMPLES OF BASIC AND ACTUATOR SYMBOLS .

EXAMPLES OF PRIMARY ELEMENTS USED IN P AND ID .

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EXAMPLES OF MATH SYMBOLS USED IN P AND ID .

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BASE UNIT .

SI UNITS DERIVED FROM BASE UNITS .

ENGLISH UNITS DERIVED FROM BASE UNITS .

CONVERSION BETWEEN ENGLISH AND SI UNITS .

METRIC UNITS NOT NORMALLY USED IN THE SI SYSTEM .

UNITS IN COMMON USE IN THE ENGLISH AND SI SYSTEM .

897) kPa = 124 kPa .CONTOH PERHITUNGAN : 1. Berapakah nilai pressure yang equivalen dengan 18 psi dalam unit SI? Jawab : 1 psi = 6.12 N 2. Berapa meter jika diketahui 110 yard? Jawab : 110 yard = 330 ft = (330 × 0.897 kPa 18 psi = (18 × 6.448) N = 11.305) m = 100.5 × 0.454) kg = 1.5 lb = (2.65 m 2. Berapa nilai equivalent gaya dan massa dalam sistem SI Jawab : 2.135 kg 3.Berat sebuah objek yaitu 2.5 × 4.5 lb = (2.5 lb.

4.5% FSD .25 lb Deviasi pada 100 lb = ± (100 × 2. jika pada sebuah kasus pembacaannya ±4. Sebuah pressure gauge memiliki range dari 0 to 50 psi. akurasinya sekitar ±2.7 5. Berapa nilai deviasi pada pembacaan 50 dan 100 lb.5 lb Maximum deviation terjadi saat FSD.35 psi/50 psi) × 100 = ±8. Berapakah akurasi %FSD ? Jawab : %FSD = ± (4. Pada sebuah data sheet scale capable dari berat sampai ke 200 lb.5 % dari pembacaan. dan berapa nilai akurasi %FSD? Jawab : Deviasi pada 50 lb = ± (50 × 2.35 psi. yaitu ±5 lb atau ±2.5/100) lb = ±1.5/100) lb = ±2.

.......... .To be condinued........ .....