•Carbon dioxide •Oxygen •Nitrogen •Phosphorus NUTRIENT CYCLE .There is a constant and natural cycle how these elements are incorporated when an The most important organism grows.These are chemical elements that all plants and animals require for growth. andare those involving the degraded if an organism elements : dies. .NUTRIENTS .

A concept that describes how nutrients move from the physical environment into living organisms and subsequently are recycled back to the physical environment. -This movement of nutrients is essential to any given ecosystem. and it must be balanced and stable for the .NUTRIENT CYCLE .

is absorbed by oxygenbreathing organisms. 3. This. 2. Photosynthesis. which combine it with carbon and release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. is also used in photosynthesis.OXYGEN CYCLE 1. such as the decomposition of dead organic material and the burning of fossil fuels. in turn. . which releases oxygen into the air. Carbon dioxide from other sources.

directly The carbon to storedthe in atmosphere.CARBON CYCLE 1. returning the carbon 4. Herbivores eat the to build cells or plants that transfer store as food. is combined with oxygen from the air to form CO2. Photosynthesisprocess by which plants use energy from sunlight to combine carbon dioxide that they use 2. some carbon that they can use to build and repair their cells and provides energy to 3. the body of a herbivore can be .Through respiration. it them. which is then exhaled.

This buried material has formed deposits of coal and oil. This process releases carbon. in the form of carbon dioxide. which humans are now exploiting as fossil fuels. dioxide. CARBON CYCLE Dead plant and animal matter is decomposed by other organisms. The combustion of these compounds forms carbon 7. the shells accumulate as sediment. back Dead organic matter can be into the atmosphere.combine dissolved carbon dioxide with calcium to build shells. buried under sediment. such as fungi and bacteria.5. 6. When it dies. Over vast timescales. this can be uplifted to the surface by geological . Some which types is of released marine organisms can into the atmosphere.

2 MAIN WAYS TO MAKE NITROGEN AVAILABLE TO LIVING 1. and DNA. TheORGANISMS energy come from lightning causes some nitrogen to combine with oxygen. which reacts with minerals in soil to form nitrates that are easily absorb by plants. and it is required to form amino acids. forming nitrogen oxides.NITROGEN CYCLE Nitrogen is an essential element for all known life forms. These can dissolve in rainwater to form very dilute nitric acid. This element cannot be used directly. . proteins.

NITROGEN CYCLE Nitrogen is an essential element for all known life forms. and it is required to form amino acids. forms nodules in the roots of peas and beans. One such group of bacteria called Rhizobium. proteins. and DNA.This involves the conversion of atmospheric nitrogen in soils into ammonia by various types of bacteria. these plants are often grown as . MAIN WAYS TO MAKE NITROGEN AVAILABLE TO LIVING 2. This element cannot be used directly. For this reason.NITROGEN FIXATION ORGANISMS .

and DNA. . and it is required to form amino acids.NITROGEN CYCLE Nitrogen is an essential element for all known life forms. This is performed by bacteria. which reduce nitrates in the soil to nitrogen. 3. proteins. This element cannot be used directly.  DENITRIFICATION returns nitrogen gas to the atmosphere.

returning to the soil 3. taken It then up byprogresses plants.  . accumulating in lakes and rivers. when Phosphates can be these organisms washed of the soil die. and it is 2. The element enters water and soil in the form of phosphates through erosion and weathering. where some of it is used by aquatic plants and other organisms.PHOSPHORUS CYCLE 1. through the food chain via herbivores and carnivores. The main natural source of phosphorus is from rocks. out by rainwater.

5.PHOSPHORUS CYCLE 4. These eventually form rock and. Some of the phosphate. phosphorus Geological processes can be may lockeduplift up this for rock. very allowing erosion and long periods  weathering to return it to living organisms. . in this way. undergoes chemical reactions that form insoluble compounds that are deposited as sediments. however.

to natural nutrient cycle is the one that we are extracting nutrients from the soil.HUMANS INFLUENCE NUTRIENT CYCLE Agriculture accelerates land erosion — because plowing and tilling disturb and expose the soil — so more nutrients drains away with runof Flooding causes too much nutrients from eroded soil that confine in water bodies resulting to spurs massive. such as using depletion of fisheries artificial fertilizer. creating “DEAD ZONES” The with theto human and problem contributing the alterations. and discharging them . uncontrolled blooms of algae that when it dies their decay starves other organisms of oxygen.