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Exploring Alternatives

to Land Acquisition
Group 4
Abhilash Bhat
Abhishek Diwekar
Neha Kharat
Nilotpal Chakma
Tanvee Garg
Vineela Bavineni

PGP/18/121
PGP/18/137
PGP/18/143
PGP/18/152
PGP/18/171
PGP/18/337

Agenda
AIM

Case
Studies

Definition and criticism


Land Acquisition
Land Pooling

Magarpatta
Gujarat

Key success factors


Conclusio Learnings
ns

Questions
How can problems due to land
acquisition be dealt?
How can triple bottom-line
sustainability be achieved in land
acquisitions?

Land Acquisition
What
Why
How

Acquisition of property for public purpose


Property Rights
How individuals can control, benefit from and transfer
property
Increasing population Rapid growth Urbanization
Development Agrarian Manufacturing/Service
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Land Acquisition Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act,
2013
Land Acquisition Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill,
2015

Land Acquisition - Drawbacks


Converts ecosystem people to
ecological refugees
Unfair Compensation and forced acquisitions
Rehabilitation and resettlement economic
unsustainability inter generation
Loss of ownership
Socialtransaction
Cost loss of social
High
cost surroundings
Cost of transferring land from Farmer to
government
Cost of transferring land from government to
relevant entity
Lack
of transparency
Compensation to farmers

So.
Land Pooling and
consolidation
schemes

Land Pooling/ Consolidation


Win-Win situation
What
Why
How

Land Parcels pooled into single entity

Triple Bottom line sustainability can be achieved


No social cost
Reduced transaction cost - No problem of compensation

Through cooperative public participation

The Case of Magarpatta

Pune in 1990s
Economic Reforms
Situation in Growing population from 18
1990
lakhs in 1980s to 25 lakhs in
1990s

Lead To

Stress on urban
infrastructure
Requirement of more
commercial/residential
land
Land Acquisition in outskirts of
Government Pune
Magarpatta area identified as
action
Future Urbanized zone

In this Scenario..what action did Magar clan

Land Pooling

Land pooling of 430 Acres from 120


farmers
How were the 120 farmers united?
Words of Satish Magar, a local elite
Everyone knew each other for a couple of
centuries
Trust was already existing

Familys good education and exposure to


outside world
Land Pooling
But easily
what next???
People were
convinced

Created Magarpatta City


(MTDCCL)
Issues faced
Finances
Initially no institution agreed
Magar leveraged relation with Deepak Parekh,
HDFC

Government clearances
Magar leveraged his political connections

Developing business model


Leverages his connections
How do you make a sustainable model???

Creating economic sustainability


Farmers made shareholders in Magarpatta Co.
Given shares proportional to their land
holding

Sources of
revenue

Sales

Plots

Constructio
ns

Rent

SEZ

Film
shooting

What about livelihood of the farmers???

Creating economic sustainability


Psychology of owner
Supervision team appointed for
entrepreneurship training
To match skill requirements professional
training provided at
Institutes in Pune; construction sites

Second generation land owner


entrepreneurs running subsidiaries of
MTDCCL
Is economic sustainability enough???

Creating social sustainability


Magar Clan
Equitable and inclusive
From ecosystem to biosphere people
No displacement and the clan is united

Township
Neighborhood concept
Creating homogenous societies
No Undergraduate educational institutes
What about environment???

Creating environmental
sustainability

Walk to work
In house solid waste management
Rain water harvesting
Solar water heating system
Sewage water treatment plants
Preserving top soil layer
30% of land reserved for greenery

Creates positive
externalities

Land Pooling-Gujarat
First Example of land pooling :

Jamalpur Area, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Bombay Town Planning Act 1915 was


implemented in 1925

Provided for Town Planning Schemes(TPS)

1954 : Amended Bombay Town


Planning Legislation
1976:New Act in Gujarat (GTPUD)Act,
having more provisions
1995, 1999 & 2001 : Amendments in
GTPUD Act

Salient features of TPS


Govt. pools
the
land(100%)

Uses 25-50%
for roads, open
space, other
public
purposes

Keeps 5-10%
for sale

Returns the
remaining 5075% to the
original
owners

It is a Land Readjustment form


Allows for expanding the urban infrastructure while
avoiding the hassle of land acquisition
Cost-effective, participatory and equitable land
development scheme
1126 TPS in process(00 10) ; 600 more in the next 5
years

Uses Of The TPS Mechanism


Ahmedabads entire Ring road ( 76 km long, 60
m wide) was implemented through TPS
Over 10000 hectares in Ahmedabad developed
using TPS
TPS played a major role in the redevelopment of
Bhuj after the 2001 earthquake

Factors behind success

Planned for the future


Transparency in all activities
Customer centric development
- Satish Magar

A good
leader

Learning's that can be adapted


Land pooling solves many problems
associated with land acquisition
Magars suggestion for compensating the land
holders

Certain amount paid as compensation immediately


Certain amount to be paid as shares
Opportunity to work
Make them part of mainstream economy

The model cannot be implemented as it is


but can be adopted

References
http://www.cppr.in/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Exploring-alternatives-to-land-acquisitionwith-no-detail-Final-1-1.pdf
http://www.iimb.ernet.in/research/sites/default/files/WP%20No.%20384.pdf
http://www.iicdelhi.nic.in/ContentAttachments/Publications/DiaryFiles/163615Septem
ber192011_IIC%20Occasional%20Publication%2031.pdf
http://208.253.36.146/events09/Frank%20Schnidman%20Program%20Materials2.pdf
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lR06INrpqKo
http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/34876/10/10_chapter%203.pdf
http://
www.softbridge-s.com/images/View%20our%20Magarpatta%20City%20campus.pdf
http://www.rediff.com/money/2007/jan/11bspec.htm

THANK
YOU