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CONTROLLED BLASTING FOR DEMOLITION

PRESENTED BY
M.KARY JAKINS ( Reg no:113013413007 )
M.E. STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
VEL TECH HIGH TECH Dr RANGARAJAN Dr SAKUNTALA
ENGINEERING COLLEGE, CHENNAI.

Demolition

The demolition is an act of destroying the structure or

building due to various reasons, often in order to build something


else in that place.

In thecontrolled demolitionindustry,building implosionis

the strategic placing ofexplosive materialand timing of its


detonation so that a structure collapses on itself in a matter of
seconds.

Building implosion also includes the controlled demolition

of other structures, such asbridges,smokestacks,towers,


andtunnels.

Controlledblastingisalsousedinmineandoreindustry

Necessity of demolition

The structure has achieved its service life period.

When the structure has lost its stability. To built new


structure in the existing place.

Structural changes required & development of city.

Structural failure where repair methods not possible.

When the structure has lost its durability.

Different types of demolition.

1.

Demolition by hand.

2.

Pulling down by rope.

3.

Mechanical demolition.

4.

Demolition by deliberate collapse.

5.

Explosives.

Demolition by hand.

This method is carryout by using:

1.

hammers.

2.

long chaises.

3.

pneumatic drills.

4.

hand and power saw.

Hand demolition is not a quick method, because only hand tools are
used.

Pulling down by rope


1.

Cables and wire ropes are fixed to key


structural members, then pulled down by
tractors or winches.

2.

This method can be used for timberframed buildings, bridges, brick masonry
and steel chimneys.

Mechanical demolition.
1.

Demolition with ball (min 0.5 ton).

2.

Demolition by pusher arm.(Hydraulicallyoperated excavators and loaders).

Demolition by deliberate collapse

This method requires engineering expertise to


decide which key structural members should be
cut or removed to cause a collapse.

This method is best suited for bridges, silos,


chimneys and structures on isolated or heavily
controlled and secure sites.

Explosives.

This is a method to safely and quickly demolish structures


where significant hazards are posed to persons through
exposure during the demolition process.

Most structures, except timber-framed and brick structures,


can be demolished this way.

This method can reduce both cost and time to bring dangerous
multi-storey structures to ground in comparison to
conventional demolition methods.

Cont..

Types of demolition methods depends upon


various factors such as site condition, type of
structures, age of building,height of building &
economy.

Controlled demolition of building is necessary to


ensure safety.

So, explosive demolition is the preferable method


for safety and efficiently demolishing the larger
buildings.

Precautions to be taken before


demolition

Electric supply fully disconnected from building.

Plumbing, fitting works, should be removed.

Doors ,Glasses in windows and other glass frames should be


removed before demolition.

Balconies, cantilever masonry projections should be cut


down.

Any metal ladder or staircase should be inspected before


use.

Projected nails and screws should be removed.

Keep the public at a safe distance - a minimum of 200


meters from the blast site.

Plan and inform all employees of the evacuation plan.

Use mats and small charges to stop flying debris

Damage assessment

Precautions

Over Break Damage

Reduce ground vibrations

Prevent contamination of soil, groundwater and air

Reduce noise pollution

Prevent damage to neighbouring structures especially


foundations

Procedure for Damage


assessment
1.

Physical inspection of damaged structures.

2.

Preparation and documenting the damages.

3.

Collection of samples and carryout tests in-situ or in laboratory.

4.

Studying the documents including the structural aspects.

5.

Estimation of load acting on the structure.

6.

Estimation of environmental effects and soil interaction.

7.

Diagnosis.

8.

Taking preventive steps not to cause further damage.

9.

Retrospective analysis to get the diagnosis.

10.

Assessment of structural adequacy.

11.

Remedial measures to strength and repair the structure

12.

Load test to study the behaviour.

13.

Choise of course of action.

Physical inspection

Material
test

Study of documents
Estimate loads &
environmental effects
diagnosis
n
o

Retrospective
analysis
Diagnosis confirmed

Estimation
of future
use

Assessment of structural
adequacy
Choice of course of action

Load test