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HISTORY OF COMPOSITE RESIN

During the first half of the 20th century,silicates were the


only tooth-colored aesthethic materials available for
cavity restoration.
Silicates release fluoride but easily eroded within a few
years.
During late 1940s and early 1950s,arcylic resins replace
silicate because of their toothlike appearance,insolubility
in oral fluids,ease of manipulation and low cost.

Kenneth.J.Anusavice,2009.Phillips Science of Dental


Material.Elsevier

The main problems encountered were poor


wear resistance,high shrinkage upon
polymerization,large thermal dimensional
change.
These problem were reduced by the addition of
quartz powder to form a composite structure.
Incorporation of inert filler particles able
reducing contraction as well as thermal
expansion but were not bonded(couped ) to
the resin.
Kenneth.J.Anusavice,2009.Phillips Science of Dental
Material.Elsevier

During the 1960s,Dr Ray L.Bowen


developed a new type of composite
materials.
Bowens main innovation were
bisphenol A glycidyl
methaarcylate(bis-GMA),a
dimetharcylate resin,and an organic
silane coupling agent to form a bond
between the filler particles and the
resin matrix.