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Gas Dehydration

parts per million by volume (ppmv)  . lb/MMscf  Concentration.Dehydration is important in three areas:  Gas gathering  Product dehydration:  Maximum water in sales gas at 4 to 7 lb/MMscf  For liquids. the water content is 10 to 20 ppmw  Hydrocarbon recovery Water content is stated in a number of ways: Mass of water per volume of gas.

Water Content Of Hydrocarbon Gases as a Function of Temperature and Pressure .

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Water Content Of Hydrocarbons Calculate the water content of the sweet natural gas shown in the following table at 300 psia and 80°F .

Solution .

absorption and adsorption. are the most common ABSORPTION PROCESSES:  Water levels in natural gas can be reduced to the 10 pmmv range in a physical absorption process. The solvent used for the absorption should have the following properties:  A high affinity for water and a low affinity for hydrocarbons  A low viscosity for ease of pumping and good contact between the gas and liquid phases  A low potential for corrosion .Gas Dehydration Processes  Two processes.

Glycol Dehydrator Unit .

 The first step is to have the component contact the surface The second step is to have it travel through the pathways inside the adsorbent  involved an in equilibrium adsorbing process a trace like gas .Adsorption Processes The two types of adsorption are physical adsorption and chemisorption.  Physical adsorption is vapor−liquid equilibria  Two steps are component.

Vapor-phase Concentration Profile Of An Adsorbate In The Three Zones Of An Adsorption Bed .

Yin.    The equilibrium zone. where no adsorption has yet taken place In the mass transfer zone (MTZ). where the adsorbate on the adsorbent is in equilibrium with the adsorbate in the inlet gas phase and no additional adsorption occurs The mass transfer zone (MTZ). in a smooth S-shaped curve . the concentration drops from the inlet value. the volume where mass transfer and adsorption take place The active zone. Yout. to the outlet value.

adsorption has two major disadvantages: o o It is a fixed-bed process that requires two or more adsorption beds for continuous operation. It has limited capacity and is usually impractical for removing large amounts of impurity.When used as a purification process. .

Three types of commercial adsorbents are in common use in gas processing plants:  Silica gel. which is made of Al2O3  Molecular sieves . which is made of pure SiO2  Activated alumina.

Two-bed Adsorption Unit .

Other Processes  Desiccant Processes:  Can reduce the water content down to 20 ppmv Membrane Processes  Refrigeration Processes  Twister Technology  Vortex Tube Technology  .