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Submitted By
Roll NO 1401
Session 2014-2015

It is a process by which one person helps
another to give knowledge skill and amart.
Model is just a blueprint.
In educational field a model for teaching is
just a pattern or plan which can be taken
up to shape a curriculum or course to
select instructional material and to guide
teachers action in the classroom
It is a tentative theory of teaching.

According to Joyce & Weil
Teaching models are just instructional
designs. They describe the process of
specifying and producing
environmental situations which cause
the student to interact in such a way
that specific change occurs in the

According to Paul De Eggen et al
defined: Models are perspective strategies
designed to accomplish particular
instructional goals.

In simple words a model

of: teaching may be defined as a blueprint
designed in advance & consist of
guidelines to shape cause of study,
educational activities, creating
environment for learning and
designing instructional materials to
attain objectives or desired
modification in behaviour

Assumptions of Model of
Teaching is a mean of generating an
environment for learning.
Environment consists of content, skill, social
relationships, instructional rules, activities and
physical facilities etc.
Different types of outcomes are achieved by
organizing teaching elements accordingly.
Learning outcomes can be can be classified in
distinctive categories and each objectives can be
achieved by generating specific situation.

Characteristics of Teaching

Specification of learning outcomes.

Specification of environment .
Specification of criteria of performance.
Specification of operations
Specific procedures
Helpful in realization of objectives.
Answer to fundamental questions such as
how a teacher behaves etc
Qualitative development of teacher.

Fundamental Elements of
Teaching Models
Focus : - It refers to goal or objectives of
teaching. It describes the aspects of
environment which are most important in the
life of a student. The focus of teaching model
is that for which it has been developed.
Syntax: - It refers to description of model in
action. It includes the sequence steps
involved in the organization of complete
program of teaching eg: how to begin what
will come next.

Fundamental Elements of
Teaching Models
Social System : - It refers to the relationship
between students, teacher and environment
of the classroom. The activities of the
students and teachers and their mutual
relationship are discussed in social system.
Principle of Reaction: - It refers to the
flexibility or rigidity of teachers reaction to
the response of the students. It tells the
teachers how to regard the learner and how
to respond to what the learner does.

Fundamental Elements of
Teaching Models
Support System : - it refers to
additional supporting facilities to
teachers and students & the evaluation
techniques used to access the
attainment of the objectives, special
skill, special knowledge, teaching aids.
Application Context: - It refers to
feasibility of models used in varying
context. It varies from knowledge.

Basic Teaching Model

It was developed by Robert Glaser in
1962. he uses the psychological
principles in teaching conditions to
develop this model. It is termed as
basic because he tries to explain the
whole teaching process by dividing it
into four basic components or parts: -

Basic Components or

Institutional Objectives.
Entering Behaviour
Instructional Procedures
Performance Assessment

All these basic components of

teaching process interact and
influence each other.

Q1 Advantages of multisensory instructions
(5 marks)
Q2 Elaborate the operations involved in preactive stage of teaching (4 marks)
Q3 What is a language laboratory? How does
it function? Discuss the ways it can be used
for improving language pronunciation of
students (16 marks)

Description of Glasers Basic

Teaching Model

Glaser has described the models

in terms of the fundamental

Focus: - It attempts to pinpoint the four

basic components, the process and entire
activities comprising of teaching learning
process. The main aim of the model is to
yield more and more quicker change in
the behaviour of the student.
Syntax: -Syntax of this model describes
the model in action. The flow of activities
is sequential. First of all objectives which
are to be achieved are fixed, secondly the
entire behaviour of the student or learner
is assessed. Instructional work is carried

Social System: - This model describes

teacher dominated classroom. Thus the
success of the model depends upon the
ability and competency of the teacher in
terms of various scales.

Principles of
Reaction: Principle of inter-dependence
Students response is to be
understand dealt within the light of
interaction and four stages
Principle of active involvement
Principle of follow up Find out
deficiencies & correct the measures
are employed.

Support System
Availability of adequate pre-service
and in-service facilities to teachers.
Availability of desirable teachinglearning environment(Is the
environment is condusive)
Availability of desirable teaching
Availability of appropriate evaluation

This model is applicable to almost all
teaching learning situations. It is
applicable to wide variety of subjects
and for all levels of students.

Role of Teaching Models

It helps the teacher to develop his capacity
to teach more children and create conducive
They are helpful for the teacher for planning
and organizing teaching activities.
The models are perceptive and goal specific.
It may help curriculum designers to plan
learning situation and curriculum which
provide a variety of educational experiences
to children.

Role of Teaching Models

It helps to arrange support system
It provides motivation and arouses
interests among the students.
It helps in developing certain teaching
They provide the knowledge of student
teacher interaction.
Teaching can be made more effective
and purposeful with the help of model.

Modifications of Teaching


The literal meaning of the word simulation
implies in act or role playing in which the
process of teaching is enacted artificially and
an effort is made to practice some important
skill of communication through this.
Cruisck Shank 1968 has developed this
system of training and is known by several
names as role playing, artificial teaching,
pilot training, laboratory methods, clinical
method and inductive scientific methods.

Simulation technique is to induced certain
behaviour in an artificial situation. A
student teacher has to play several roles
as a teacher, student and a supervisor.
According to Cruisck Shank 1968
Simulation is the creation of realistic
games to be played by participants in
order to provide them with life like
problem solving experiences related to
their present or future works.

In simple words, simulation is a
feedback technique used to induce
certain behaviour in artificial
situation. A pupil teacher in
simulated social skill training has to
play several roles as a teacher,
student and as a supervisor.