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COPYRIGHT

(HAKCIPTA)
TENGKU NURHAFIZ B. TENGKU SHAHROM
MUHAMMAD ZAIN FARHAN B. ABD HADI
FATINAH BT ABDUL HALIM
NUR RABIUL LIYANA BT MOHAMED
NORHAFIDAH BT MOHD SALAN

CE120262
CE120038
CE120061
CE120202
CE120159

What Is Copyright?
Exclusive right given to the
owner of a copyright for a
specific period.

Copyright

protection in
Malaysia is governed by
the Copyright Act 1987

 The author is qualified person or the work is made in Malaysia or the work is first published in Malaysia.A work that is eligible is protected automatically upon fulfillment of the following conditions: Sufficient effort has been expected to make the work original in character. recorded or reduced to a material form. .  The work has been written down.

What Does Copyright Protect?  Works eligible for protection are.  literary works (karya sastera)  musical works (karya muzik)  artistic works (karya seni)  Films (perfileman)  Sound recordings (rakaman bunyi/suara)  Broadcasts (karya terbitan)  Derivative works (siaran) .

OWNERSHIP AND ASSIGNMENT OF COPYRIGHT PART IVA .GENERAL PROVISIONS PART III .ENFORCEMENT PART VIII .COPYRIGHT TRIBUNAL PART VI .MISCELLANEOUS .LAWS OF MALAYSIA ACT 332 COPYRIGHT ACT 1987          PART I – PRELIMINARY PART II .NATURE AND DURATION OF COPYRIGHT PART IV .COPYRIGHT LICENSING PART V .REMEDIES FOR INFRINGEMENTS AND OFFENCES PART VII .

etc). (unless there is any contrary agreement)  The author's right is transferable by assignment. maker of the work. .Who Owns Copyright?  Author (writer. in which case the assignee shall be the owner. testamentary disposition or by operation of law. the copyright in the work shall be deemed to vest in the person who commissioned the work or the employer.  If the making of a work is made by an employee in the course of his employment. composer.

it is compulsory to use the © symbol in order to be able to claim compensation under copyright law.  Some countries. creators of a work use the copyright symbol (©) to indicate their copyright claim. “The use of the symbol is highly recommended” .COPYRIGHT SYMBOL  In practice.

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copyright in the work continues to subsist until the expiration of 50 years.During the life of the author plus 50 years after his death. . .How long does copyright last? (a)Literary.Not been published during the lifetime of the author. Musical or Artistic Works .

from the beginning of the calendar year following the year of fixation. .Sound Recordings  Expiry of a period of 50 years computed from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the recording was first published.  If the sound recording has not been published.

.Broadcasts  Until the expiry of a period of 50 years computed from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the broadcasts was first made.

Films  50 years computed from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the film was first published or first made available to the public or made. . whichever is the last.

Government Works  Expiry of a period of 50 years computed from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the work was first published. .

owners of copyright works in literary.  The performing. musical or artistic works.  The distribution of copies to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership. .What Are The Legal Rights Of Copyright Owners?  Generally.  The communication to the public. showing or playing to the public. recording etc). films and sound recordings have the exclusive rights to control:  The reproduction of the works in any form (photocopying.

 Infringement of copyright occurs if the person claiming can show that the defendant has done such an act.  The burden of proof lies on the person claiming that his/her work has been infringed. These exclusive rights apply irrespective of whether the works are copied partly or wholly. .

and recorded with your band.  And the other song. is one you wrote.Example of Copyright Infringement  You have two MP3 files on your computer. It belongs to you.  The difference is clear. You have the right to share the song you wrote and recorded. that copyright would not be breached. Two digital files: one created by Taylor Swift – one written by you and recorded by your band. by the Cool Dudes. “Fair use” covers you. But you do not have the right to copy and share songs by Taylor Swift.  You burn these two songs onto a CD. However. “Tidal Wave”. since you wrote and performed on the recording by the “Cool Dudes”. The second MP3 file is “Tidal Wave”. See the difference? . you would breach Taylor Swift’s copyright. yourself. The "Cool Dudes" is the name of your garage band. One MP3 file is Taylor Swift’s “We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together”. You listen to this CD in your car and on the CD player in your room. as you purchased the Taylor Swift song from iTunes.  If you burn these two songs onto CDs and give them to friends.

 you would be guilty of copyright infringement.Example of Copyright Infringement  If you share a software application you created . . if you share a purchased copy of Microsoft Office 2010 or Call of Duty: Black Ops. as you did not create these items.there is no infringement violation. However. The work/application is your own – to share as you wish.

The work is protected automatically upon creation” .REGISTRATION SYSTEM FOR COPYRIGHT “There is no registration for copyright in Malaysia.

The Ways to Prove Ownership of Copyright   Make a Statutory Declaration in accordance with the Statutory Declaration Act 1960 Self address the work in a sealed envelope .

COPYRIGHT ENFORCEMENT  The Minister of Domestic Trade. Cooperative and Consumerism (Enforcement Division) and The Royal Malaysia Police are responsible for enforcement of the law. .

Q&A .

THANK YOU .