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Types of Washing

in
Denims
PREPARED BY SUNNY MALHOTRA

PROCESS

Denim Washes & Finishing Processes

Washed / processed jeans can go through many


processes to achieve
realistic fading effect or other special wash effects. Here
are some of the
Techniques used to create our jeans ensuring each pair is
unique
In this process sprinkler guns, machines, and different
types of stones are used :

HISTORY
The concept of washing the Denim jeans was started by
Jack Spencer for the brand Lee.
Stone-wash was first started by Francois Giraud.
The concept of sandblasting was started in 1988 by a
number of branded companies in Italy.

1. ABRASION
Process of making garments look worn and aged by
scraping or rubbing
the surface of the fabric causing abrasion. Pumice stones
are most
frequently used by industrial laundries.

2. ACID WASH
(Marble/ Moon Wash/ Snow Wash)- This finish gives indigo
jeans sharp
contrasts. The process is achieved by soaking pumice
stones in chlorine
and letting these stones create contrast. The process was
created in Italy
and patented in 1986.

3. ATARI
Japanese term describing the selective fading of the
ridges of creases.
The most common areas for Atari are along side seams,
on the front
and back of the knees, the upper thigh, along the hem, on
belt loops
and along pocket seams.

4. ENZYME WASH
Considered a more efficient and environmentally sound
way to stone
wash jeans. Rather than using pumice stones, organic
enzymes
(proteins) are used that eat away at the indigo. Jeans
finished using
enzymes tend to be stronger than those broken down by
traditional
stone washing, as the fabric is not subjected to the same
level of abuse.

5. RIVER WASHING
A washing process using a combination of pumice stones
and cellulose
enzymes to give denim a vintage, worn hand. The washer
is loaded only
with stones and fabric for the first cycle. Enzymes are
introduced for the
second stage in combination with the stones and they are
tumbled until
a naturally aged look is produced.

6. SANDBLASTING
A laundry process performed before washing in which
jeans are shot
with guns of sand in order to abrade them and cause a
worn
appearance. While originally done by hand this process is
a now
automated at most large laundry house.

7. STONEWASHING
A process that physically removes colour and adds contrast.
A 20 yard
roll of fabric, generally 62 inches in width, is put into a 250pound
washing machine along with pumice stones. The fabric and
stones are
rotated together for a set period of time. The washing time
dictates the
final colour of the fabric- the longer the denim and stones are
rotated
the lighter the colour becomes and more contrast is
achieved. The
denim is then rinsed, softened and tumble dried.

8. WHISKERING
A fading of the ridges increases in the crotch area and
back of the knees,
which gives the appearance of aged denim. It can also be
inverse- dark
creased in faded denim.

Thank you