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Pile are required for buildings, bridges, towers,

dams and other massive structures. A variety of

pile types can be installed by different driving
equipment in all types and even in layered soils
makes establishing a safe but economical
installation difficult.

Static Pile Load Testing

Dynamic Pile Load Testing
Statnamic Pile Load Testing

More Economical
Less Time Consuming
More Efficient
Alternative for Static Pile Load Test for
Offshore piles
Less logistics involved
Provide more information regarding a
pile when compared to a static load test

Low Strain Dynamic Testing

High Strain Dynamic Testing

Low Strain Pile Integrity Testing is a

quick and cost effective method to
evaluate the shaft integrity of
concrete piles. The testing is able to
provide information on:

pile continuity

consistency of material

location of defect

degree of defect
The test method is performed with a
hand held hammer, a sensitive
accelerometer and the Pile
Integrity Tester.

High strain dynamic testing consists of

estimating soil resistance and its

distribution from force and velocity
measurements obtained near the top of
a foundation impacted by a hammer or
drop weight.

The impact produces a compressive

wave that travels down the shaft of the


A pair of strain transducers obtains

the signals necessary to compute
force, while measurements from a
pair of accelerometers are integrated
to yield velocity.

These sensors are connected to a

PDA that records, processes and
displays data and results.

Specifications For High Strain Pile

Load Testing:

It involves attaching strain gauges

and accelerometers to the pile near
the pile head during driving
It shall be performed on required
number of indicator piles
Dynamic Testing shall be performed
on production piles as chosen by
the engineer to monitor hammer
and driving system performance

PART TWO - Material

Impact Force

Force or Strain
Acceleration or
Signal Transmission
PDA (Model Pak, PAX or
PAL) to record, display
and analysis data



Its mandatory that both the accelerometer and strain gage are
fixed parallel to the pile axis at a predetermined distance from
the pile top. When two sets of gages are used, they shall be
diametrically opposite

GRL-Dynamic Load Testing WEB.wmv_(360p).flv

For caissons and drilled shafts, it provides a less

expensive alternative to static load testing.

For driven piles, testing can be done during installation
and/or re-strike very economically.
Dynamic pile monitoring has the advantage of providing
immediate results that the engineer can use, including
estimates of capacity, driving stresses, and pile integrity.
Low strain dynamic testing method is a quick, convenient
way to check deep foundations for defects.
Low strain dynamic testing can be used on concrete
piles, drilled caissons, augered cast-in-place piles,
concrete filled pipe piles, and timber piles of moderate
It is possible to check numerous piles on site during a
single day.

MSRDC 55 Flyover Scheme :

Dynamic Pile Testing was extensively used for the above flyovers in
Mumbai after conducting many co-relation studies between static
& dynamic tests to prove the reliability of High Strain Dynamic
Testing. This resulted in significant savings in time and early
completion of many flyover projects thus helping the contractors
and clients. Further the problem of space availability, which for
flyovers in middle of the road was solved resulting in greater
working space and more work efficiency for the contractors.
Testing was conducted on piles ranging from 600mm to 1200mm
piles and capacity ranging from 180 tons to 1375 tons.

Delhi Metro Project :

Dynamic Pile Testing is being extensively used for Delhi Metro
Project where it was used to ascertain capacity of many suspect
piles. Numerous co-relation studies were conducted to evaluate the
test method & acceptability of the test agency. The results were
successful and more than 30 tests have been conducted till date.
Testing was conducted on 1500mm piles with test loads upto 675

Baroda Ahmedabad Expressway Project :

NHAI located 128 piles of 500mm that were abandoned by the
previous contractor more than 10 years back. No technical data
like pile depth or capacity was available. A combination of
dynamic and pile integrity tests was used on the project site.
Initially PIT conducted on the piles reported pile lengths about
20m. Borehole taken adjacent to two such typical piles confirmed
the findings. Dynamic testing on the pile helped establish its
design load. Static test was also conducted by the client on the
pile dynamically tested for further confirmation. The static and
dynamic test results matched well helping the client save lot of
time and money, since most of the piles could be used in further
construction at no additional cost.
GCPTCL Jetty at Dahej :
Dynamic Pile Testing was adopted at one of the longest jetty in
Gujarat after co-relation with static testing on a land pile.
Conventional testing on this jetty would have been extremely
difficult, time consuming and expensive. Replacement of static
testing by dynamic testing significantly helped in early
completion of the project.