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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF

GAS TURBINES

Technology Training that works

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES
Maintenance
consists of:
Planning
Scheduling
Execution
Inspection
Overhaul
Repair

Technology Training that works

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES
Hot Section Maintenance
Combustors
Common problems include burning, distortion and crack
formation
Boroscopic inspection is generally carried out

Technology Training that works

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES
Hot Section Maintenance- crack in transition piece

Technology Training that works

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES
Turbines
Common problems include blade erosion, wear, crack and
warping
Most turbines have inspection covers and openings
providing access to the turbine rotors and stators

Technology Training that works

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES

Bearings
Common problems:
misalignment, wear and crack formation
Bearing wear is more pronounced with frequent turbine starts

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES
Compressors
Inspection involves various checks carried out for
determining mechanical and aerodynamic parameters
Commonly encountered problems:
Loosening of fasteners during operation
Crack formation in rotor blades
Pitting of rotor and stator blades due to wear and erosion

Technology Training that works

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES
Inspection
examining the machinery for component quality,
abnormalities and deviations
accomplished through a planned process ranging
from daily checks to major inspections requiring total
disassembly

Technology Training that works

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES
Visual external inspection
checking for any signs of abnormalities and external
damage wherever reasonable access is possible

Internal inspection
Undertaken on a routine basis as well as to confirm faults
indicated by other techniques
Uses devices such as borescopes and optic fibre for monitoring the
deterioration of components like compressor and rotor blades
Technology Training that works

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES
X-ray, Ultrasonic, Eddy-current and Isotope inspection
techniques
Used for monitoring distortion of nozzle guide vanes,
seals, casings etc
Lubrication system monitoring
Periodic checks carried out on filters, chip detectors
and the oil consumption pattern. Includes tests like
spectrometric analysis
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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES
Instrumentation Monitoring
Inspection of control system instrumentation for fault indications
Ensures proper functioning of all control instrumentation so that
the data obtained is reliable and accurate.

Engine performance trend plotting


Uses a computer program to monitor the basic performance
parameters of the engine
Technology Training that works

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES
Borescopy:

Inspection procedure
which can be carried out
even after assembly.

Accomplished with the


use of borescopes

Technology Training that works

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF


GAS TURBINES
Merits of Borescopy:
On site internal visual checks without disassembly.
Accurate planning and scheduling of maintenance action
Accurate monitoring of the condition of the internal
components.
Time saving
Technology Training that works