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KÜRESEL İKLİM DEĞİŞİKLİKLERİ

KÜRESEL ISINMA
Global mean surface temperatures 1850 to 2006
Mean surface temperature anomalies during the period 1995 to 2004 with
respect to the average temperatures from 1940 to 1980
Two millennia of mean surface temperatures according to different
reconstructions, each smoothed on a decadal scale. The unsmoothed, annual
value for 2004 is also plotted for reference.
Milankowich Modeli
• 100 bin yıl Güneş etrafındaki yörünge
değişikliği (elipsten daireye)
• 40 bin yıl Dünyanın eğimi

• 20 bin yıl Dünyanın kendi ekseni


etrafındaki dönüşü sırasında ortaya çıkan dalgalanmalar

Bugünkü iki buzul çağı arası dönem, 5.000-10.000 yıllık süre sonra son bulabilecek.
Anthropogenic emission of greenhouse gases broken down
Deniz yüzeyi yükselmeleri

Yaklaşık 50 000 kişi direk etkilenecek


Küçük ada ve kıyılardaki su kaynakları deniz düzeyindeki değişikliklere çok duyarlıdırlar.
30 years of solar variability.
Global glacial mass balance in the last 50 years, reported to the WGMS and the
NSIDC. The increased downward trend in the late 1980s is symptomatic of the
increased rate and number of retreating glaciers
Radiative forcing from various greenhouse gases and other sources
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12
visit
ors

Environment for Europe

The Sixth Ministerial Conference "Environment for


Europe" will be held in Belgrade (Serbia) from 10 to 12
October 2007. It is expected that environment ministers and
high level government officials from 56 countries of the UN
Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) region, including
Canada and USA, will participate at the Belgrade
UNECE - United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Conference. The information on the preparatory process is
available
The “Environment for Europe” process is a unique
partnership of the member States within the UNECE region,
organizations of the United Nations system represented in
the region, other intergovernmental organizations, regional
environment centers, non-governmental organizations and
other major groups that take a part in improving
environmental protection and sustainable development
Serbian Government
issues in Europe.
The First Ministerial Conference, within the "Environment for
Europe" process was held in 1991 at Dobris Castle in the
then Czechoslovakia. Four more conferences followed: the
Lucerne (Switzerland) Conference, on 28-30 April 1993; the
Sofia (Bulgaria) Conference, on 23-25 October 1995; the
Aarhus (Denmark) Conference, on 23-25 June 1998; and the
Kiev (Ukraine) Conference, on 21-23 May 2003. More
information about history of the “Process” could be found
The countdown to the Sixth 'Environment for Europe' Ministerial Conference has
started. The conference, taking place from 10–12 October 2007 in Belgrade,
Serbia, is organised by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
(UNECE).

The launch of the EEA report 'Europe's environment — The fourth assessment'
will be a key event on the first day. The report assesses environmental progress
in 53 countries — an area with a total population of more than 870 million
people
With climate conditions changing in the future, due to increased concentrations of
carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, conditions for pests also change. The primary
Malaria agent, the falciparum malaria parasite, will be able to spread into new
areas, as displayed in this map, by 2050 using the Hadley CM2 high scenario.
Other areas, not displayed in the map, will be uninhabitable by the parasite, and
thus free of the pest.
Shows comparative trend between air temperature in Colombia and levels of malaria
and dengue fever. When temperatures increase, especially in combination with more
precipitation, vector borne diseases like malaria and dengue fever increase in
frequency and distribution.
Afrika’da, Rwenzori Mountains (Mount Kenya and Kilimanjaro) daki buzulların % 50
kadarı kaybolmuş, Kilimanjaro ‘dakilerde azalmaktadır.
Buzul alanlarında ve hacimlerindeki değişiklikler, iklim değişikliklerini gösteren
indikatörlerdir.
Link to web-site http://www.unep.org/geo/ice_snow
Large Alpine glaciers have
retreated continuously
since the mid- 19th
century, whereas steep
mid-sized glaciers reacted
with readvances in the
1890s, 1920s and
between the 1970s and
1980s due to the
somewhat cooler and
wetter periods.

Small glaciers feature a


high annual variability with
a clear shrinking trend.
Yalnızca, Solar radyasyon ve volkanik faaliyetler son küresel sıcaklık artışını
açıklamakta yetersiz kalmaktadır.