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BY :

ADIBAH BTE MOHD KALID

ENGLISH UPSR - SET YOUR TARGET


Types of question

Target

Target

No. 1

Write 5 sentences based on a


composite picture.

8/10

3/10

No. 2
(A)

Transferring of Information

No. 2
(B)
No. 3

Choose and give reasons

Sections

Writing a short story based on


pictures

10/10 10/10
3/5

2/5

9/15

2/15

TOTAL (PAPER 2) 30/40 17/40


TOTAL (PAPER 1) 35/40 15/40
OVERALL (PAPER 1 & PAPER 2) 65/80 32/80

SECTION A
SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION

WRITE 5 COMPLETE
SENTENCES BASED ON
THE PICTURE.
You may use the words
given.

Read the instructions carefully. Underline the

important points.
Look and study the picture given. Circle as many

verbs that you know.


Read the helping words. Tick the words which are in
the picture.
Write 5 sentences about the picture.

Check whether you have written simple, compound


and complex sentences.
Remember ! Your task is to write GRAMMATICALLY
CORRECT SENTENCES.
SO, DONT FORGET TO CHECK YOUR GRAMMAR,
SPELLING AND PUNCTUATION.

ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVE
Question 1
To assess candidates ability to construct
sentences
Task:
To write grammatically correct sentences.
Based on the given stimulus.

CRITERIA OF SCORING
BAND A (EXCELLENT)
All sentences constructed correctly.
Good words/ vocabulary used correctly. (good

adjective)
No spelling or punctuation errors.
Variety of sentence structure.
Ideas well presented and relevant to the
stimulus.
Confidence of the language.
MARKS : 9 - 10

ladies

Having gotong-royong

A man with a straw hat


cut
sickle

collecting

bushes

A friend
help

Another
man

man
throwing
wheelbarrow

cutting

sickle

clean

park

having

hoe

drain

rake

wheelbarrow

bury

Samples of simple
sentences

The residents are having a `gotong

royong`.
The people are working together.
The man is cutting the grass.
Two ladies are collecting the
rubbish.

Samples of compound
sentences
The men and the women are

having a `gotong-royong` to
clean their neighbourhood.
A man is pushing a
wheelbarrow full of rubbish
and throws them into a hole.

Samples of complex
sentences
The residents of a housing area are

having a `gotong royong to clean


their neighbourhood which is dirty.
A man who is pushing the
wheelbarrow is helping his friend to
bury the rubbish in a large hole.

picnic
swing

drinking
tree

enjoy
mat

butterfly
sharing

sit
squirrel

Samples of simple
sentences
The girls are at the park.
They are having a picnic

under a shady tree.


There are a few butterflies
fluttering in the air.

Rina and Siti are sharing a drink

to quench their thirst.


Two girls are sitting on the mat
while the other girl is swinging
merrily on the swing.
The two happy girls are sitting
and drinking some water.

Samples of complex
sentences
The sweet girl who is wearing a

scarf is drinking some water.


The four girls are enjoying
themselves at the park which is
clean and beautiful.
The little squirrel which is on the
branch of the big shady tree is
trying to climb down.

Read these sentences. Categorize them according


to types of sentences.
1. Mother cooks chicken curry today
2. The man and the woman wear black t-shirts.
3. The girl who is holding a doll in her hand is calling her
mother.
4. The bag which is full of money was sent to the police station.
5. Liza washes the dishes every night.
6. They listen to the music.
7. She took the book which my father bought.

The answers .
1. Mother cooks chicken curry today. (Simple)
2. The man and the woman wear black t-shirts. (Compound)
3. The girl who is holding a doll in her hand is calling her
mother. (Complex)
4. The bag which is full of money was sent to the police station.
(complex)
5. Liza washes the dishes every night. (simple)
6. They listen to the music. (simple)
7. She took the book which my father bought. (complex)

backyard
wear
V

jug
ladder
N

apron
holding
V

stand
playing
V

fence
talk
V

NOUNS
WHO
Article,
quantifier,
col. nouns,
SN/PN.
pronoun

VERBS
WHAT
Tenses
to be
To have

VERBS
HOW
adverbs

NOUNS
WHAT
Article,
quantifier,
col. nouns,
SN/PN.
pronoun

NOUNS
WHERE
Prepositions
;
In, on, into,
onto, at,
along,
under, near

NOUNS
WHY
Conjunctions;
But, since, for,
because,
infinitive to,
when, while

NOUNS
WHO

VERBS
WHAT

Article,
quantifier,
col. nouns,
SN/PN.
pronoun

Tenses
to be
To have

1. The
family

is

2. Father

is standing

3.The lady

is serving

VERBS
HOW
adverbs

NOUNS
WHAT

NOUNS
WHERE

Article,
quantifier,
col. nouns,
SN/PN.
pronoun

Prepositions;
In, on, into,
onto, at, along,
under, near

at the
backyard of
their house

some drinks
for the
family
members

on the
ladder

NOUNS
WHY
Conjunctions;
But, since, for,
because,
infinitive to,
when, while

because he
wants to paint
the wall.

to drink while her


daughter who is
carrying a pail of
water is walking
beside her.

NOUNS
WHO

VERBS
WHAT

Article,
quantifier,
col. nouns,
SN/PN.
pronoun

Tenses
to be
To have

4. An old
man who is
wearing a
paper hat

is painting
the fence

5. Two boys are walking


and talking

VERBS
HOW
adverbs

NOUNS
WHAT
Article,
quantifier,
col. nouns,
SN/PN.
pronoun

carefully

happily

NOUNS
WHERE
Prepositions;
In, on, into,
onto, at, along,
under, near

NOUNS
WHY
Conjunctions;
But, since, for,
because,
infinitive to,
when, while

using a can
of paint and
a brush.

while a small
boy is playing a
yoyo.

Section A
Practice 1

Look at the picture carefully. Write five sentences about


the picture.
You may use the words in the boxes to help you

V/N

park

stroll

watch

clean

sit

walk

fishing

lake

children

wave

V/N

NOUNS
WHO

VERBS
WHAT

VERBS
HOW

NOUNS
WHAT

NOUNS
WHERE

NOUNS
WHY

Article,
quantifier,
col. nouns,
SN/PN.
pronoun

Tenses
to be
To have

adverbs

Article,
quantifier,
col. nouns,
SN/PN.
pronoun

Prepositions;
In, on, into,
onto, at, along,
under, near

Conjunctions;
But, since, for,
because,
infinitive to,
when, while

at the
beautiful park

The people
A few
people

are

are fishing

An old man who


is walking with
his walking stick

is walking

A girl

is pointing

The anglers

are waiting

slowly
-

patiently

in the lake

while the
others are
strolling
while waving his
hand to the
anglers

to a couple
of birds

on the branch of
a tree

for the fish

to bite their baits


on the fishing line

Section A
Practice 1

Look at the picture carefully. Write five sentences about


the picture.
You may use the words in the boxes to help you

sacks

volleyball

whistle

spectators

running

holding

celebrating

tents

cheer

telematch

SUBJECT (WHO)
people
The pupils and
teachers

VERB
(WHAT)

OBJECT
(WHAT,WHERE)

verbs

things/places

are
celebrating

Teachers Day in their


school.

A group of children

is standing
and
watching

the volleyball match.

The spectators

are cheering

for their friends who


are taking part in
the activities.

The referee who is


holding a file

is blowing

the whistle to end the


game.

The participants of
the telematch

are running

in the sacks.

Section A
Practice 2

work
wok

Look at the picture carefully. Write five sentences about


the picture.
You may use the words in the boxes to help you

having stirring
cooking villagers

harvesting

meal

Paddy field

ladle

SUBJECT (WHO)

VERB (WHAT)

OBJECT
(WHAT,WHERE)

people

verbs

things/places

The villagers

are doing

some activities in
their village.

A few workers

are harvesting

the paddy using


the sickles at the
paddy field.

The members of
the family who are
sitting on the mat

are enjoying

their meal.

A couple

is stirring

some food in two


large woks near
the family.

A man and a
woman

are wearing

Straw hats to
avoid the hot sun.

Practice 3
Section A

people
brooms

Look at the picture carefully. Write five


sentences about the picture.
You may use the words in the boxes to help you

dirty
food

lorry
helpful

collect

park

carry

sweep

SUBJECT (WHO)

VERB (WHAT)

OBJECT
(WHAT,WHERE)

people

verbs

things/places

The villagers

are

at the park.

Two boys

are sweeping

the compound
using the brooms.

The other two boys

them into the


large basket

The sweet ladies

are collecting the


rubbish and
putting
are carrying

An old man

is throwing

two trays of food


for the people who
are busy working.
the garbage into
the big garbage
truck.

Exercise 1

having

paying

push

shelves

sale

queuing up

Security guard

trolleys

goods

choose

SUBJECT (WHO)

VERB (WHAT)

OBJECT
(WHAT,WHERE)

people

verbs

things/places

Exercise 2

Exercise
3

Exercise
4

Exercise 2

buy

counter

talking

wait

parcel

postman

lady

stamps

carrying

write

Exercise 3

chairs

eating

order

tables

customers

stall

roadside

waiting

hawker

food

Exercise 4

organized

hall

participating

clap

contest

sing

audience

stage

couple

sitting

Read the instructions carefully. Underline the

important points.
Read the text carefully.

Read the sample answers given in the table. Then


underline the answers to be transferred in the text.
Be very careful with spelling and punctuation.

Decide your choice. Write them in section B.


Give good reasons for your choice.
Remember ! Your task is to MAKE A CHOICE AND
GIVE GOOD REASONS.
SO, WRITE GOOD REASONS USING CORRECT

GRAMMAR, SPELLING AND PUNCTUATION.


Do not write too long. You will be awarded a
maximum of 5 marks only.

Time : 10.00 a.m.

Study the
advertisements for the
competition below.
Then, complete the
table using the
information given.

Time : 2.00 p.m.

Time : 2.00 p.m.

Time : 10.00 a.m.

Study the
advertisements for the
competition below.
Then, complete the
table using the
information given.

Time : 2.00 p.m.

Time : 2.00 p.m.

Public
Speaking
Competition

Date

_______________ _______________
_______________ _______________ 10 June 2007
__8 June 2007
__9 June 2007

Time

10.00 a.m.

Story Telling
Competition

_______________
_______________
Colouring
__Competition

Competition

_______________ _______________
_______________
2.00 p.m.
9.00 am. _______________

_______________ City Auditorium,


School Hall,
_______________ Taman Aman

School Hall,
SK Aman 2

Registration
Fee

_______________
_______________
RM 5.00

_______________
_______________
Free

Prize

Dictionary

Venue

Sk Aman

RM 10.00

_______________ _______________
A set of poster
_______________
_______________
colours and
Story book
coloured pencil

MIND
MAP

I would like to choose Story Telling Competition because I like

story telling very much. I have many interesting stories to


tell because I like to read. Reading is my favourite pastime.
Besides, I have taken part in many story telling competitions
before and I have won some prizes. So, I think I will stand a
chance to win the competition.
Apart from that it will be held on 9 June and I will be free on
that day. I do not have any class as it falls on a weekend. It
will start at 9a.m.so,my parents can send me there as they
will be free too on that day. I will like to try my best to win the
story book as I want to add to my collection.

Complete the table with the correct answer


Charity Car Wash

Day

Saturday

Wildlife Ranger

Taman Titi
Clean-up

____________
Saturday
and
______________

Sunday

10.00 a.m. 4.00 p.m.

_______________
_______________
8.00 a.m.

Sunday

Time

8.30 a.m.

Venue

_______________
_______________ Taman Titi
School Car
Mega
_______________
Park
Shopping Mall
_______________

Purpose

_______________
To give brochures
To collect money
_______________
to the public
for Bright
__
Childrens Home

_______________
To clean
_______________
__ Taman Titi

Provided

Drinks

_______________
Food and
_______________
drinks
__

________
Free membership

Lets
practise

Lets practice
Day
Day :: as
as Sunday
Sunday
not
not free
free so
so
Saturday
Saturday
is
is the
the best
best day
day
for
me.
for me.

Own
Own reasons
reasons ::
--Have
Have never
never
participated
participated it
it
--Will
Will be
be a
a fun
fun
experience
experience
--Never
Never participated
participated in
in
car
wash
charity
car wash charity
before
before

Venue
Venue :: the
the car
car
park
park
--Very
Very convenient
convenient
for
for
me
me to
to get
get there
there on
on
my
own
my own

Charity Car
Wash

Provided :
-Only drink, no
food
-Dont mind, that
is not a problem

Purpose :
- Would like to
help to collect
money

SAMPLE 2
(B)
I would choose to volunteer at the Charity
Car Wash because I would like to help the
children at the Bright Childrens Home. I
have never participated in a car wash so I
think it will be a fun experience for me. I will
also be helping to raise money for a good
cause. The venue for the event is also
convenient for me. It is at the car park.
Apart from that I have participated in the
Taman Titi the previous year. I would like to
have a different cause this year I am also not
free on Sunday so Saturday is the suitable
day.

SUGGESTED SENTENCES FOR QUESTION


2(B)

TOPIC / AREA
OF INTERESTS

REASONS

1. Place /
Locations

It is near my house,so I can go there


easily.
It is exciting to visit this place because
there are many interesting and attractive
spots.
It is a nice and beautiful place to visit.
I have never been to this place before, so I
am very eager to go there.

2. Prices /
costs / fees

The price is low, that is only RM .


Although the price is high, it is reasonable
and
affordable.
It is a reasonable price and I think I can
afford it.

3.

Food/
drinks/
menu /
meal

It is delicious and tasty.


It is my favourite food
It is easy to cook / to prepare / to serve.
It is good for health because it contains vitamins /
minerals and protein.
I like the taste.
It is nutritious .
It offers free..

4. Transport It is the most comfortable way of travelling.


It is an economical way of travelling.
/ vehicles
It is more convenient / comfortable.
It is a faster means of transport, so I will not feel
bored.
I can reach the destination earlier.
I like to see the beautiful scenery along the way.

5. Free
discount
offer /
prices

The offer is attractive. I like it very much.


I can save my money.
I can use the money to buy something else.
I can use my money to buy books.
I can add in my collection.
I can get it cheaper .
I can get it at a low price.
I can keep it as a souvenir.

6. Activities /
contest /
competition

The activities are very interesting and challenging.


The activities are suitable for my age.
I can get a lot of knowledge .
I can meet a lot of friends by joining the
contest / competition.
I am talented in so I can have the
opportunity to show my talent.
This activity is very useful and has a lot of benefits.
This activity is simple and easy to do.

7.Pets

It is a cute animal.
It is easy to look after.
I can take care of it easily.
I can play with it.
I can have a company.
It helps to look after the house.
It is easier to manage as it eats only (grains)

8. Society /
club

The activities are interesting.


It can increase my knowledge.
It teaches me to be independent.
It gives me chance to mix around.
I can get many new friends.
I can cooperate with the other members.
It has a lot of benefits.
I can learn many new things.

9. Colour /
patterns/
fashion.

It is beautiful.
It is attractive and nice.
It suits me.
It is the latest design and fashion.
I like the colour.
It is my favourite colour.

10. Hobby /
Interest

I will enjoy myself doing it.


I can share my hobby with my friends as we have the
same interest.
I can do something beneficial during my free time.
It can widen my knowledge.
I can get many friends.

11. Time taken /


Duration
of time.

I takes a shorter time to finish my work.


It takes a shorter time to reach the destination.
The time given is enough for me to complete my work.

12. Topic / Title /


Theme

The topic is suitable for my age.


The topic is very interesting.
The topic is very simple and easy.
The topic is related to our daily life.

13. Facilities

I will feel comfortable with the facilities provided.


I will feel more convenient.
I can use the facilities provided.
I can save my money and time.

14. Occupations

I can earn more money for a living.


It teaches me to be responsible.
It teaches me to be independent.
I am committed to my job.
I can support my parents.

15.Age group

It is suitable for me as I am . years old.


I am eligible , so I can take part.

16. Pen pal

He/ she is from If I have the chance, I will


visit his / her country one day.
We have the same hobbies, so we can exchange
ideas.
We share the same hobby / interest / idea.
We are of the same age.
She/ He is older than I , so I can learn many new
things from her / him.
> She/ He can be my foster sister / brother.

ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVE
Question 3
To assess candidates ability to express ideas
in sentences with correct structures.

TASK:
To write sentences about the pictures in a
paragraph or paragraphs using the given
words or own words and express their ideas
cretively.

BAND A (EXCELLENT)
Confident use of the language
Ideas conveyed clearly through a

variety of sentence structures.


Confident use of new words to express
ideas.
Ideas are well-planned, relevant and
are linked so as to sustain the interest
of the reader.
Overall accurate use of spelling and
punctuation.
13 - 15 marks

Tenses
Spelling
Punctuation
to + infinitive
Flow of ideas and proper sequencing.
Suitable vocabulary adjectives
adverbs /linking words/ conjunctions.
Interesting expressions and use of similies
and proverbs where possible.
Writing must be neat and legible.

Expand the sentences by adding suitable


new words and phrases.
Make sure the information added
appropriate to the story line.
The quality of the sentence carries more
marks and not the number or length of
sentences written.
Check your answers for grammatical or
spelling errors.

Step By Step In Writing A Composition


Follow these steps to write a good composition
Write at least 3 paragraphs introduction
contents
closure
Introduction 1 paragraph only
- look at all the pictures.
- find the main character and the other characters
in the pictures
- get the ideas of the story
- ask questions like who is the main character? What is he?
- where is the place? something special about the place of the
events (adjectives)

Contents- most important part and can be more than


1 paragraph
brainstorm the verbs related to the pictures one by one
write them down in the verbs column in the sentence table
then arrange accordingly (happened first and the next)

Closure 1 paragraph only


the conclusion of the story
write about the feelings ,hopes, lesson learnt from
the incidents

INTRODUCTION
Azman who is my classmate
lives in Putrajaya. Every
morning, he takes a bus to
school because his house is just
a stones throw away from
there.

The pictures describe an incident. Write sentences based on the pictures and
words given. You must add your own words to make the story interesting.
Brainstorm the verbs for each of the picture.

was
crowded

waited

sat
joined

chatted
and
talked

friends waited school bus


stop

TIME

SUBJECT

VERB

OBJECT

When

Who

What/How

What / Where
Why

Last
Monday,

Azman and his


friends

waited

for the bus at the


bus stop

They

sat

on the bench and

They

talked and
chatted
happily

more and more


people

joined

in the wait.

The place

was crowded

with people

Soon,

Content 1

Last Monday, Azman and his


friends waited for the bus at the
bus stop in front of their school.
They sat on the bench. They
talked and chatted happily. Soon,
more and more people joined in
the wait. The place was crowded
with people.

arrived

pushed
sandwic
hed
cut the
queue
did not

rushed
to get on
queued
up

get on cut queue pushed lady

TIME

SUBJECT

VERB

OBJECT

When

Who

What/How

What / Where
Why

A few
minutes
later,

the bus

arrived.

The boys

rushed to get
on

the bus

Azman

wanted

to be the first to

board

the bus

cut

the queue and

pushed

his way up

So,

he

Content 2

A few minutes later, the bus


arrived. As soon as the boys
saw it, they rushed to get on
the bus. They ran as fast as
lightning because Azman wanted
to be the first to board the
bus. He cut the queue and
pushed his way up. Then the bus
started to move.

called

shouted
fell

stopped

sent

helped
scolded

was
injured

apologi
zed

was
bleeding

promise
d

learnt
fell helped injured scolded

TIME

SUBJECT

VERB

OBJECT

When

Who

What/ How

What / Where
Why

Unfortunately,

the lady

lost gripped and


fell

off the bus

The driver

stopped

the bus immediately


and

rushed to help

her

He

scolded

Azman for his


action

The other
passengers

were

also very furious


with him

TIME

SUBJECT

VERB

OBJECT

When

Who

What/
How

What / Where
Why

Someone

called

the ambulance

the ambulance

arrived

They

sent

her to the hospital

Azman

regretted

his action.

He

promised

not to be selfish
anymore in the future

When,

Content 3
Unfortunately, the lady lost gripped
and fell off the bus. She shouted out
loudly in pain. The driver stopped the
bus immediately and rushed to help
her. He scolded Azman for his action.
The other passengers were furious
with him. Then, someone called the
ambulance. When the ambulance
arrived, they quickly sent her to the
hospital. Azman regretted his action.

CLOSURE
Finally, the bus continued its
journey. Azman learnt his lesson.
He promised not to be selfish in
future. It was an expensive
experience for him that he will
never forget. As the saying goes
experience is the best teacher.

PHRASAL VERBS
Add in - include
Ask for request
Back out withdraw
Barge in interrupt
Bring in introduce
Brush off reject
Call upon invite
Carry on continue
Die down decrease
End up finish
Find out discover
Get at reach
Get over overcome
Get through reach ,pass
Hold up delay
Laugh at mock

lay out - prepare


point out - show
own up - admit
look at inspect, study
look around - tour
look up to - respect
meet with - encounter
put up - accommodate
run into - encounter
spring up - began
search for - seek
spread out extend, stretch
start off - begin
take aback - surprise
talk over - discuss
watch out - observe

Similes

as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as

beautiful as the rainbow


proud as a peacock
big as an elephant
busy as a bee/ an ant
clear as crystal
cold as ice
deep as a well
fast as lightning
green as grass
happy as a child
hungry as a wolf
loud as thunder
white as snow
slow as a tortoise/ a snail
silent as the grave
stupid as a donkey
sweet as honey/ sugar

She was as proud as a peacock when the

teacher praised her.with similies


Sentences

The children came as hungry as a wolf.


Father shouted as loud as thunder when

he saw the scratch marks on his new car.

SIMILIES

Exercises - Use the correct similies in these sentences.


e.g. Kamalam was as proud as a peacock when she was praised by the
police for saving the girl` s life. She went home happily and told her
parents about it.
Practice 1
Sue walked into the classroom wondering why it wasn`t like it used to be.
The usual noisy class was __________________________ so, she went to
Hakim,
sat down near him and whispered a few questions into his ear.
Practice 2
Rahimah and her little brother were left on their own that night.
Their parents went outstation so she had to baby sit him. The two siblings sat on
the sofa close to each other watching their favorite movie. Suddenly, the lights
went out.
It was a blackout. The two children screamed __________________________ and
hugged each other tightly.
Practice 3
The pupils of 6 Wawasan were listening attentively to their English teacher, Puan
Adibah. She was standing in front of the classroom, explaining to them how to
construct sentences. The children understood her
lesson as her explanation was ___________________________.
.

SIMILIES

Exercises - Use the correct similies in these sentences.


e.g. Kamalam was as proud as a peacock when she was praised by the
police for saving the girl` s life. She went home happily and told her
parents about it.
Practice 1
Sue walked into the classroom wondering why it wasn`t like it used to be.
The usual noisy class was as silent as the grave so, she went to Hakim,
sat down near him and whispered a few questions into his ear.
Practice 2
Rahimah and her little brother were left on their own that night.
Their parents went outstation so she had to baby sit him. The two siblings sat on
the sofa close to each other watching their favorite movie. Suddenly, the lights
went out.
It was a blackout. The two children screamed as loud as thunder and hugged
each other tightly.
Practice 3
The pupils of 6 Wawasan were listening attentively to their English teacher, Puan
Adibah. She was standing in front of the classroom, explaining to them how to
construct sentences. The children understood her lesson as her explanation was as

clear as a crystal
.

Other adjectives
To describe things
Cosy/cozy room
Thick wood
Small town
Good student
Soft dough
Green mountains
Huge building
Creepy house
Peaceful village

Swampy area
Sweet drink
Flat surface
Porcelain bowl
Seventh floor
Ceramic tiles
Warm water
Large field

Large green apples


Fresh vegetables
Beautiful carved coffee table
Hot mutton curry
Big white shopping bag
Exciting/interesting stories
Lonely/street /night
Unpleasant smell
Flat tyre
Calm blue sea

rectangular alarm clock


round marble dinning table
soft satin cloth
long curly black hair
enjoyable holidays
careless boy
tiny holes
meaningful lesson
noisy market

SOME SUGGESTED EXPRESSIONS THAT CAN BE


USED BEFORE STARTING A NEW SENTENCE.
1. Quickly .
2. Suddenly ..
3. Immediately ..
4. After that
5. A few minutes later .
6. Later on .
7. The next day
8. After some time ..
9. While
10.As soon as
11. upon arrival..

LINKERS, CONNECTORS AND EXPRESSION WORDS


Exercises - Use the suitable linkers, connectors ,similies or
expression words to join the sentences.
Practice 1
suddenly, slowly, as fast as lightning, to his surprise, so
Zainal was walking home from school one day. He walked
down the lane . he heard a loud noise coming from the
bushes .., he rushed to see what the noise was. He peeped
into the bushes and . saw a big python swallowing a goat.
The goat was struggling hard to free itself he ran
..home to break the news to the villagers.
Practice 2

Then, after that, first , finally, next


Sarimah was busy doing the housework. .., she dusted
the cupboard and cabinets. she vacuumed the living
room and mopped the floor. ..she went into the kitchen
and prepared the meal for the family. .., she served the
delicious and scrumptious food on the table . at
1.00p.m.,she had lunch with her family.

LINKERS, CONNECTORS AND EXPRESSION WORDS


Exercises - Use the suitable linkers, connectors or
expression words
to join the sentences.
Practice 1
suddenly, slowly, as fast as lightning, to his
surprise, so
Zainal was walking home from school one day. He walked slowly
down the lane suddenly he heard a loud noise coming from the
bushes so he rushed to see what the noise was. He peeped into
the bushes and to his surprise saw a big python swallowing a goat.
The goat was struggling hard to free itself he ran as fast as
lightning home to break the news to the villagers.
Practice 2

Then, after that, first , finally, next


Sarimah was busy doing the housework. First, she dusted
the cupboard and cabinets. Next she vacuumed the living
room and mopped the floor. After that she went into the kitchen
and prepared the meal for the family. Then she served the
delicious and scrumptious food on the table . Finally at
1.00p.m.,she had lunch with her family.

IDIOMS AND FIGURATIVE EXPRESSIONS


To show one `s expression about something.
Sample :
1.
a wet blanket a very discouraging person
It is difficult for Husna to succeed because she is a wet blanket.
2.

Blow one`s trumpet boast


Nobody likes a person who blow one`s trumpet.

3.

build castles in the air - day dream


The twins were reminded to work harder , not just building
castles in the air.

4.

carried away - very excited


The children got carried away with their English project and
they forgot about food.

5.

dirt cheap - extremely cheap

6.

live from hand to mouth live in a hardship

7.

put an end to stop something

8.

rains cats and dogs rain heavily

9.

turn over a new leaf conduct oneself better

10.

Throw cold water on - discourage

The goods at the flea market are dirt cheap.

The family live from hand to mouth all this while.

We have to put an end to that rumours

The boys cannot go out and play football as it rains cats


and dogs

Salim promised to turn over a new leaf and not to steal anymore

Although he did not do well in his exam he did not


throw the water on.

A stones throw away


Finger licking good
Left for home
Eye catching scenery
The food is delicious
and scrumptious .

EXERCISE - PROVERBS & IDIOMS


Practice 1
Anita dislikes going to the hospital. She hates the smell of medicine ,
the sight of the medical staffs wearing white uniforms and
nurses with the syringe for injections. The doctor spoke
to her softly Young Lady, if you do not want to visit me often,
you have to take care of your health. Eat well, lots of water,
fruits and vitamins. As the saying goes
____________________________
he added.
Practice 2
She walked with a heavy steps out the door. With sad eyes she
turned back and looked again at her friend. She hated to say
good bye to her but she had to leave to further her study oversea.
Deep in her heart she knew that Rosie was a true friend that
she will never forget, as a saying goes
___________________________
Practice 3
Salman jumped down from the bus and ran as fast as lightning
to his class. He was 15 minutes late. As he stepped
into the class, he saw his teacher staring at him.
He told himself __________________ and walked straight up to her
and faced the music

EXERCISE - PROVERBS & IDIOMS


Practice 1
Anita dislikes going to the hospital. She hates the smell of medicine ,
the sight of the medical staffs wearing white uniforms and
nurses with the syringe for injections. The doctor spoke
to her softly Young Lady, if you do not want to visit me often,
you have to take care of your health. Eat well, lots of water,
fruits and vitamins. As the saying goes an apple a day keeps the doctor away
he added.
Practice 2
She walked with a heavy steps out the door. With sad eyes she
turned back and looked again at her friend. She hated to say
good bye to her but she had to leave to further her study oversea.
Deep in her heart she knew that Rosie was a true friend that
she will never forget, as a saying goes a friend in need is a friend indeed
Practice 3
Salman jumped down from the bus and ran as fast as lightning
to his class. He was 15 minutes late. As he stepped
into the class, he saw his teacher staring at him.
He told himself is better late than never and walked straight up to her and
faced the music

REDUNDANCY - Rd
A four wheel drive car - a four wheel drive
Went back home- went home
At there - there
Thank to him - thank him
Red in colour - my bag is red
grazing the grass - is/are grazing in the field
Although she is fat but she can run fast.
Although she is fat, she can run fast

REPEATITION - Rp
Siti saw an old lady. The old lady was

walking in front of Siti.


Siti saw an old lady. The old lady was
walking in front of her.
I have a friend. His name is Yasser.
Yasser is 15 years old and Yasser lives in
Taman Suria.
I have a friend. His name is Yasser. He is
15 years old and he lives in Taman Suria.

Avoid these
mistakes
My mother was bought the vegetables at the
night market. ( X ) WRONG STRUCTURE
My mother bought the vegetables..
The car was knocked Ali. ( X ) WRONG
Ali was knocked by the car or The car knocked Ali
while he was walking on the road.

It is not wrong to
say.

The books are arranged neatly on

the shelves in the library.


There are varieties of food served
on the table for the guests at the
party.
The stage is decorated beautifully
with balloons and streamers for the
event.

SYMBOLS FOR ERRORS IN


WRITING
Wrong sentence structure Wrong word /vocabulary used - v
Wrong spelling - sp
Error in punctuation
Wrong grammar ~~~~~
Repetation Rp
Redundancy - Rd
Ommission of words /
Unclear meaning - ____?

The pictures describe an incident. Write sentences based on the pictures


and words given.
You must add your own words to make the story interesting. Brainstorm
the verbs for each of the picture.

school holidays Amir


uncle Kuala Perlis
stayed a week

morning uncle fishing in the sea


- boat fishing rod

came back late evening caught fish happy and excited

The pictures describe an incident. Write sentences based on the pictures


and words given.
You must add your own words to make the story interesting. Brainstorm
the verbs for each of the picture.

school holidays Amiry uncle


Kuala Perlis stayed a week

Subject
Who

Verb
What/How

Article, quantifiers, col. Tenses,


Nouns, SN_PN,
VTB, VTH
Pronouns

visited
is

went

greeted
him and
took
was
excited
planned
to stay
took
went

Adverbs

Object
What / Where/ Where
Article,
Prepositions : Conjunctions :
quantifiers, col. in, on, into,
but, since, for,
Nouns, SN_PN, onto, at, along, because, to,
Pronouns
under, near
when, while

Subject
Who

Verb
What/How

Article, quantifiers, col. Tenses,


Nouns, SN_PN,
VTB, VTH
Pronouns

Last school holiday,


Amiry
His uncle

He

Adverbs

Article,
Prepositions : Conjunctions :
quantifiers, col. in, on, into,
but, since, for,
Nouns, SN_PN, onto, at, along, because, to,
Pronouns
under, near
when, while

visited

is

his uncles
family
a fisherman

went

When he
greeted
arrived at the jetty, him and
his uncle
took
Amiry
was
excited

He
The next morning,
Uncle Rosli

Object
What / Where/ Where

planned
to stay
took

him
-

him

who lives in
Kuala Perlis.
and lives in
a small
fishing
village.
there by bus because his
alone
parents
could not
come along.
to his
house.
-

there for a
week.
fishing in the
sea.

as it was the
first time
traveling
alone.

BRAINSTORMING THE
VERBS

morning uncle fishing in the sea


- boat fishing rod

Subject
Who
Article, quantifiers,
col. Nouns, SN_PN,
Pronouns

Verb
What/How
Tenses,
VTB, VTH

went
brought
along
pushed

showed
him
waited

caught

Adverbs

Object
What / Where/ Why
Article,
Preposition Conjunctions : but,
quantifiers, col. s : in, on, since, for, because,
Nouns, SN_PN, into, onto,
to, when, while
Pronouns
at, along,
under,
near

Subject
Who
Article, quantifiers,
col. Nouns, SN_PN,
Pronouns

Verb
What/How

Object
What / Where/ Where

Tenses,
VTB, VTH

Adverbs

They

went

They

brought
along

Both of them

pushed

slowly

Uncle Rosli

showed
him

Then, they

waited

After a while ,
they

caught

Article,
Preposition Conjunctions : but,
quantifiers, col. s : in, on, since, for, because,
Nouns, SN_PN, into, onto,
to, when, while
Pronouns
at, along,
under,
near

in his fishing
boat.
some food
which his aunt
prepared and
the fishing
equipments
their boat

for them to catch


fish.

off the
shore

and sailed
smoothly to the
middle of the sea

how to put the on the


baits
hook

patientl
y

many fish

for the fish to eat


their baits.
and put them in
to the container
that they brought.

BRAINSTORMING THE
VERBS

came back late evening caught


fish happy and excited

Subject
Who
Article, quantifiers, col.
Nouns, SN_PN,
Pronouns

Verb
What/How
Tenses,
VTB, VTH

packed
was
overjoye
d
was
cooked
was
is

Adverbs

Object
What / Where/ Where
Article,
Prepositions : Conjunctions :
quantifiers, col. in, on, into,
but, since, for,
Nouns, SN_PN, onto, at, along, because, to,
Pronouns
under, near
when, while

Subject
Who
Article, quantifiers, col.
Nouns, SN_PN,
Pronouns

Late in the
evening, they
Amiry

Verb
What/How
Tenses,
VTB, VTH

Adverbs

Object
What / Where/ Where
Article,
Prepositions : Conjunctions :
quantifiers, col. in, on, into,
but, since, for,
Nouns, SN_PN, onto, at, along, because, to,
Pronouns
under, near
when, while

packed

their things

was
overjoye
d
was

with their
catch

cooked

the fish

as happy
as a lark
for dinner.

He
At home, his
aunt
It

As the saying
goes experience

was

is

and went
home

a
memorable
day for him

and he
had a great
experience
that day.

the best
teacher

for him.

WRITE OUT ALL THE


VERBS YOU CAN THINK
OF

was decorated

assembled

stood

TE
AC
HE
R

listened
S
DA
Y

went up

clapped

celebrated

gave

celebrated assembled hall speech


- listened

Subject
Who

Verb
What/How

Article, quantifiers, col. Tenses,


Nouns, SN_PN,
VTB, VTH
Pronouns

Adverbs

Object
What / Where/ Where
Article,
Prepositions : Conjunctions :
quantifiers, col. in, on, into,
but, since, for,
Nouns, SN_PN, onto, at, along, because, to,
Pronouns
under, near
when, while

Brainstorming

WRITE OUT ALL THE VERBS


YOU CAN THINK OF

performed
danced
watched
clapped

enjoyed

were entertained

- liked Kuda Kepang enjoyed


watched happy - performance

Brainstorming

WRITE OUT ALL THE VERBS


YOU CAN THINK OF

organised

sang

took
part

stood

performed

wore
concert performed stage chair
play -

Brainstorming
had a
memorable

went up

WRITE OUT ALL THE VERBS


YOU CAN THINK OF

ended

presented
a bouquet
of flowers

threw a
class party

was happy

ended presented flowers presents


class party - memorable

Sample Answer
Last Saturday, SK Taman
Daya, celebrated Teachers Day.
It was a great celebration. The
pupils of the school assembled
in the hall. The headmaster
gave a speech. They listened
attentively to it. When the
speech was over the children
applauded loudly.

After that, they had a


concert. The representatives
from each standard performed
many performances. The level
one pupils danced gracefully
while Year 6 pupils acted in a
play. The Year 4 and 5 pupils
formed a choir of 150 pupils,
they sang a few lovely songs for
their beloved teachers.

After that, the Year 3 pupils


performed a Kuda Kepang
dance. The performances were
beautiful. The children loved it.
They enjoyed watching the
performances.

The concert ended at


around 12.00 pm. Before they
left for their class party, they
presented a bouquet of flowers
to the headmaster and his
wife. It was a memorable day
for them. They had such an
experienced that day. As the
saying goes experience is the
best teacher.