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UTILITIES

2nd day (8:00AM 12:00NN)


100 items (50% correct answers)
5 subjects:
(Plumbing & Sanitary Engineering,
Electrical & Mechanical Systems of
Buildings, Acoustics & Lighting)
50% Plumbing & Electrical; 30%
Mechanical; 20% Acoustics & Lighting

BOA SYLLABUS

Design and construction and/or installation of the


following utilities systems:
1. Sanitary & Plumbing Systems & Equipments
2. Mechanical Systems
3. Electrical & other Power Systems
4. Acoustics & Illumination
5. Disaster Prevention & Protection Systems;
Security Systems
6. Communication Systems
7. High-tech Systems

Sanitary & Plumbing Systems


& Equipments
a.
b.
c.
d.

Water source, storage, supply and distribution


Plumbing roughing-in and fixtures
Drainage and sewerage systems
Waste disposal treatment and recycling

Mechanical Systems
a. Heating, ventilating and air-conditioning systems
b. Conveyors and other building mechanical
equipments

Electrical and other Power


Systems
a. Electrical power and lighting supply, distribution,
and fixtures
b. Electrical power sources and alternative power
sources

Acoustics & Illumination


a. The psycho-physics of acoustics and lighting
b. Acoustical treatment and corrections

Disaster Prevention &


Protection Systems;
Security Systems
a. Building fire-fighting, prevention, and protection
apparatus
b. Installation and/or construction
c. Materials and fixtures
d. Disaster prevention and mitigation systems

Communication Systems
a. Electronic systems
b. Telephone, intercom, cable TV, audio/video
facilities, PA system

High-tech Systems
a.
b.
c.

Application in buildings and structures


Robotics
Intelligent buildings

Sanitary & Plumbing


Systems & Equipments
National Plumbing Code of the Philippines
(Chapter 2 Plumbing Terms/Definitions)
ABS
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene; black pipe
ALLEY
2 3 meters
ALTER OR ALTERATION
change, addition, modification

Continuation

ACCESSIBLE
without obstruction
AIRBREAK
physical separation
AIR GAP, DRAINAGE
unobstructed vertical distance between lowest
opening (waste) to flood level rim
AIR GAP, WATER DISTRIBUTION
unobstructed vertical distance between lowest
opening (potable water) to flood level rim

Continuation

AUTHORITY, ADMINISTRATIVE
administer /enforce NPCP
BACKFLOW
water from any source other than regular source
BACKFLOW CONNECTION
reverse flow can occur
BACKPRESSURE BACKFLOW
increased reverse pressure above the supply
pressure

Continuation

BACKFLOW PREVENTER
vacuum breaker
BACK SIPHONAGE
backflow/negative pressure
BACKWATER VALVE
(drainage system); prevent reverse flow
BACKVENT PIPE
individual vent; revent pipe

Continuation

BALL COCK
valve of an attached ball floating (input)
BALL JOINT
ball-shaped end held in cuplike shell
BATHROOM
with shower stall or bathtub
BATTERY OF FIXTURES
2 or more similar, adjacent fixtures
BELL OR HUB
sufficiently enlarged to receive end of pipe

Continuation

BENDING PIN OR IRON


straightening/bending lead pipe
BIBB
faucet, cock, tap, plug
BIDET
middle private part; sitz bath, foot bath
BLANK FLANGE
not drilled for bolt holes
BLIND FLANGE
closes end of pipe

Continuation

BLOW-OFF
controlled outlet to discharge liquid/detritus
BOILER BLOW-OFF
valved outlet to discharge accumulated sediments
BRANCH
other than main, riser, stack
BRANCH INTERVAL
storey height; 2.43 meters
BRANCH, FIXTURE
water supply pipe (bet. fixture supply pipe and
water-distributing pipe)

Continuation

BRANCH, HORIZONTAL
drain pipe extending laterally w/ or w/o vertical
sections
BRANCH VENT
horizontal vent
BRAZED JOINT
melts at temperatures higher than 449C
B&S
Brown & Sharpe (specification); bell and spigot
(ends of pipe)

Continuation

BUILDING
structure built
BUILDING DRAIN
lowest horizontal piping; 0.6 m outside bldg. wall
BUILDING SEWER
starts from the end of the building drain
BUILDING SUBDRAIN
cannot drain by gravity
BUILDING SUPPLY
water service connection

Continuation

CAULKING
plugging with oakum, lead
CAP
fitting; closing the pipe end
CATCH BASIN
receptacle to allow settleable material to deposit
CESSPOOL
non-watertight lined excavation; permitting liquid to
seep (bottom and sides)
CHASE
vertical shaft (pipe stacks)

Continuation

CHECK VALVE
automatically closes to prevent reverse direction
CIRCUIT VENT
connects to a vent stack; loop vent
CLARIFIER
interceptor; grease trap
COMMON VENT
unit vent; dual vent; (back to back arrangement of
pipes)

Continuation

COMBINATION WASTE & VENT SYSTEM


horizontal wet venting (sinks/floor drains)
COMBUSTIBLE CONSTRUCTION
ignite/burn at 756C or less
CONFINED SPACE
vol. less than 1.4 cu.m. w/ 250 kg cal of aggregate
input rating (fuel-burning appliances)
CONTAMINATION
impairment of potable water (high hazard)

Continuation

CONTINIOUS VENT
continuation of the drain to w/c vent connects
CONTINIOUS WASTE
drain connecting compartments
CONDUCTOR OR DOWNSPOUT
vertical pipe to convey rain water
CORPORATION COCK
stop valve connected to water service pipe to main
COURT
open, unoccupied space

Continuation

CRITICAL LEVEL
min. elevation above flood level rim
CROSS-CONNECTION
bet. potable water supply and plumbing fixture
DEAD-END
extended portion of pipe closed at one end
DEVELOPED LENGTH
length of pipe at centerline and fittings
DIAMETER
nominal diameter as designated commercially

Continuation

DOMESTIC SEWAGE
liquid/water-borne wastes (free from industrial
wastes; Sanitary Sewage
DOUBLE-BEND FITTING
shaped liked the letter S
DOUBLE OFFSET
2 offsets in succession
DOWNSPOUT
vertical portion of rainwater conductor

Continuation

DRAIN
pipe (ground/surface waters, storm water,
wastewater in bldg. drainage system)
DRAINAGE SYSTEM
pipings; convey sewage/liquid wastes
DRY VENT
does not carry liquid or water-borne wastes
DUAL VENT
common vent; unit vent

Continuation

DURHAM SYSTEM
of threaded pipe, tubing, rigid construction
EFFECTIVE OPENING
cross-sectional area of water supply
FAUCET
valve located at end of water pipe
FERRULE
metallic sleeve; plug is screwed
FIXTURE
receptacle

Continuation

FIXTURE BRANCH
supply pipe
FIXTURE DRAIN
from trap of fixture to junction of drain
FIXTURE SUPPLY
water supply pipe
FIXTURE UNIT
7 gpm; 28.3 liters per minute (1 cu.ft/minute)
FLOOD LEVEL
water begins to overflow

Continuation

FLOOD LEVEL RIM


top edge of a receptacle
FLOOR AREA
exclusive of vent shafts and courts
FLUSH TANK
flushing/removing excrements
FLUSH VALVE
using water directly from water supply pipes

Continuation

FLUSHOMETER TANK
predetermined; air accumulator vessel
FLUSHOMETER VALVE
actuated by direct water pressure
GATE VALVE
at right angles; raised/lowered by threaded stem
GLOBE VALVE
fits against the valve seat (tortuous passage)

Continuation

GOOSENECK
return bend; 30cm.-7.5cm; 3 (faucet); between
service pipe and main
GRADE
slope/fall; pitch
GREASE INTERCEPTOR
3 cu.m. capacity
GREASE TRAP (interceptor; clarifier)
retain grease from one to four fixtures

Continuation

GROUND WATER
standing in or passing through
GROUP VENT
branch vent
HANGERS (Supports)
anchors, brackets, cradles
HEIGHT OF BUILDING
grade line to the highest point of coping
HIGH HAZARD (contamination)

Continuation

HORIZONTAL BRANCH
HORIZONTAL PIPE
extending laterally; angle of not more than 45
HOUSE DRAIN (Building Drain)
HOUSE SEWER (Building Sewer)
HOUSE STORM SEWER
to the public storm sewer

Continuation

HUBLESS PIPE
CIP (plain ends) bolted steel bands, neoprene gasket
INDIRECT WASTE PIPE
indirectly connected with building drainage
INDIVIDUAL VENT (Back Vent Pipe; Revent Pipe)
INDUSTRIAL WASTE
free from fecal matter
I.P.S. (Iron Pipe Size)
INSANITARY
injurious to health

Continuation

INTERCEPTOR (Clarifier)
INVERT
lowest portion of inside of pipe
LATERAL
secondary pipeline
LATRINE
water closet w/ trough
LAVATORY
wash basin
LEACHING CESSPOOL (not water tight)

Continuation

LEADER (from gutter to downspout)


LENGTH OF PIPE
as measured along
LIQUID WASTE
discharge from fixture; no fecal matter
LOCAL VENT
convey foul air to outer air
LOOP OR CIRCUIT VENT
MAIN
principal artery

Continuation

MAIN SEWER (Public Sewer)


common sewer
MAIN VENT (Vent Stack)
MANHOLE
access chamber
MASTER PLUMBER
Registered Master Plumber (RMP)
NAMPAP
Natl Master Plumbers Association of the Phils.
OAKUM
hemp; hemp rope

Continuation

OFFSET
combination of elbows & bends in piping line
PB (Polybutylene)
black; cross sectional area: oval
PE (Polyethylene)
black; cross sectional area: circular
PITCH (Grade)
PLUMBING
art & technique of installing
PLUMBING APPLIANCE
special class; device

Continuation

PLUMBING APPURTENANCES
adjunct to basic piping system & fixtures
PLUMBING FIXTURES (fixture; receptacle)
PLUMBING OFFICIAL (Administrative Authority)
PLUMBING SYSTEM (water supply & drainage)
PLUMBING UNIT
min. standard quantity [ one (1) water meter, one
(1) water closet, one (1) lavatory, one (1) shower
head & drain for bathtub or shower stall, one (1)
kitchen sink, one (1) laundry tray, three (3) floor
drains, four (4) faucets/hose bibbs

Continuation

POTABLE WATER (85% corrected)


PRESSURE
STATIC w/o any flow motion
RESIDUAL - pressure drop (friction loss, head,
meter)
PRIMARY BRANCH
base of a stack to its junction with main building drain
PRIVATE/PRIVATE USE
PRIVATE SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM
effluent discharging to subsurface disposal field

Continuation

PRIVATE SEWER
privately owned; not controlled by public authority
PRIVY (Outhouse)
PRIVY VAULT (Pit)
PUBLIC/PUBLIC USE
PUBLIC SEWER
common sewer controlled by public authority
PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride)
potable (blue), gray, orange, brown
RECEPTOR
receive discharge from indirect waste pipe

Continuation

REGULATING EQUIPMENT
valves & controls
RELIEF VENT
acts as auxiliary vent
RETURN BEND
2 - 90 bends; 180 bend in copper tubings
REVENT PIPE (Back Vent Pipe)
RIM (unobstructed top open edge of fixture)
RISER
vertical water pipe/extends one full storey
ROUGHING-IN (minus the fixtures)

Continuation

SAND INTERCEPTOR (Interceptor)


SANITARY SEWAGE (Domestic Sewage)
SANITARY SEWER (Domestic Sewer)
no storm water; ground water
SEAL (trap seal; water seal)
vertical distance from crown weir to top dip
SECONDARY BRANCH
lateral
SEEPAGE PIT (Dry Well; Leaching Cesspool)
SEPTIC TANK
watertight receptacle

Continuation

SERVICE PIPE (Water Service; Building Supply)


SEWAGE
liquid waste; storm/ground water; wastewater
SEWER
pipe/conduit
SEWERAGE, SEWERAGE WORKS
constructions for collection, transportation,
pumping, treatment, final disposition of sewage
SHAFT
vertical opening (elevators, dumbwaiter; air well)

Continuation

SIAMESE CONNECTION
hose fitting; wye connection
SIPHONAGE
suction; less than atmospheric pressure
SHIELDED COUPLING
elastomeric sealing gasket
SLIP JOINT
(compression nut/washer; friction ring)
SLOPE (Grade)
SOIL STACK PIPE
vertical soil pipe

Continuation

SOIL PIPE
discharge of WC, UR and the likes
SOLDERED JOINT
temp. below 427C and above 149C
SPIGOT
(synonymous with faucet)
SPECIAL WASTES
(use of indirect waste piping/receptors)
STACK (vertical line: soil, waste, vent)
STACK VENT (Main Soil & Waste Vent)

Continuation

STANDPIPE
fire fighting vertical pipe
1. Wet Standpipe water pressure maintained
2. Automatic Standpipe System operates by opening a
hose valve
3. Manually-Operated Standpipe System remote control
device at each
hose station
4. Dry Standpipe no permanent water inside pipe

STOREY
STORM WATER (Rain Water)
SUBSOIL DRAIN (Building Subdrain)

Continuation

SUMP (Sewage Ejector)


emptied by mechanical means
SUPPORTS
hangers, anchors, brackets, cradles
SURFACE WATER
(river, lakes, seas, ocean)
SWIMMING POOL
water basin
TAILPIECE
cut pipe

Continuation

TAPPED TEE
cast iron fitting with thread [Street Elbow)
TRAP
prevents backflow of foul air/methane gas
TRAP ARM
between trap and vent
TRAP SEAL (Seal, Water Seal)
TUBE
conduit/conductor (O.D.)

Continuation

UNCONFINED SPACE
vol. equal to 1.4 cu.m
UNIT VENT (common vent; dual vent)
VACUUM (siphonage)
VACUUM BREAKER (Backflow Preventer)
VENT PIPE
for ensuring circulation of air
VENT STACK (Main Vent)
VENT SYSTEM
protect trap seals from siphonage/backpressure

Continuation

VERTICAL PIPE
not more than 45 with vertical line
WASTE (Liquid Waste; Industrial waste)
WASTE PIPE
free from fecal matter
WATER TREATMENT
remove suspended solids by filtration
WATER DISTRIBUTING PIPE (Distributing Main)
WATER MAIN (Main Water Line; Main Water Supply,
Main Water Source, Street Main)

Continuation

WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM


water service pipe, water supply line, water
distributing pipe, branch pipes, fittings, valves,
appurtenances
WET VENT
vent pipe w/c liquid waste flows
WELDED JOINT/SEAM
joining of metal parts in plastic molten state

Continuation

WYE
hose connection; two-gated outlets
YOKE VENT
for preventing pressure changes in the stacks