Bell Ringer

 If

all swans in Lake Mead are white  And all swans in Lake Michigan are white  And all swans in Lake Havasu are white  And all swans in Lake Erie are white

Are all swans white?

What about me?

The Scientific Process
How to make a scientific observation

The scientific process
There are four steps in the scientific process. 1) Observe something 2) Create a hypothesis
A hypothesis is a possible explanation

3) Make predictions using The hypothesis 4) Test the prediction by experiments

How to make an observation
 Notice

you

things in the world around

– What do you see, – What do you hear – What do you smell – What do you feel

Make notes as you answer these questions
 Who

are the subjects? What do they look like? What are they doing?  Are the subjects interacting with each other? How?  What is the environment like?  Is the environment effecting behavior?

Observation
Lets Practice…
Do you see any animals in this picture?

This is a moth, It’s camouflage causes it to look like a leaf

Observation
To make an observation you must look closely and notice details.

This looks like a leaf, look closer… Can you see the butterfly’s legs?

Questioning
 Develop

a question about what you see going on…
– Ask how, what, when, where, and why – Be sure that the question can be answered with an experiment

Forming a hypothesis

After you have asked the question give a possible answer to explain what was observed is called forming a hypothesis

 Try

 This

Forming a hypothesis
Lets Practice…
We see…yellow butterflies only on yellow flowers We form a hypothesis…. Butterflies go to flowers the same color as them

Making Predictions

The prediction is what you think will happen if the hypothesis is true. Our hypothesis is that butterflies go to flowers the same color as them A prediction could be…
– Red butterflies will land on red flowers – Purple butterflies will land on purple flowers

Experimenting
 After

the hypothesis is formed and the predictions are made they must be tested. experiment is a way to test a hypothesis and see if what was predicted is correct.

 An

Lets test our hypothesis
 Hypothesis:

butterflies will go to flowers the same color as them LETS EXPERMENT 1) Get flowers in a variety of colors, and butterflies in a variety of colors. 2) Put them together in a room 3) Keep track of what butterflies land on what flowers.

The results

My flashlight doesn’t work

What’s wrong with my flashlight? The batteries are dead If I my hypothesis is correct… …and I replace the batteries

We can always generate alternative hypotheses and test them in the same manner… Alternative hypotheses: The bulb is burned out… The contacts are corroded… The on-off switch is broken…

What did we learn?

We discovered that butterflies will land on any color flower. We will adjust our hypothesis and try again. It is important to remember that when a hypothesis is proven false it does not mean the experiment failed. Discoveries have still been made through the process of trial and error. Many great discoveries were found after years of trial and error.

Homework
 Get

some feedback from me about your topic  Write a hypothesis  Write an annotated bibliography: 3 sources
– not websites – books – Magazines, scientific journals

Lab #2: Measuring Mass