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Earth Fault Requirement For Unearthed Networks

Presented by,
Anoop Tiwari
vestas.com

Outline
Why Earth Fault Protection Requirement for Unearthed Network
Solutions
1. Residual overvoltage protection (ANSI code 59 N)
2. Directional earth fault protection devices for outgoing feeder
3. Earthing transformer

Summary

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Wind Plant System

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Fault in the Grounded system

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Fault in the Ungrounded system

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Protection Philosophy in Ungrounded System

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Power Factory Example- Ungrounded system

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Power Factory Example- Line to Ground Fault Result in


Ungrounded System

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Why Earth Fault Protection Requirement for Unearthed


Network
Transient overvoltage Problem
Insulation failures
Ferro-Resonance

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Solutions
Residual overvoltage protection (ANSI code 59 N)
Directional earth fault protection devices for outgoing
Earthing Transformer

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Solutions : 1. Residual overvoltage protection (ANSI code 59 N)

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Solutions : 2. Directional earth fault protection devices for outgoing

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Solutions : 4. Earthing Transformer

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Summary of earth fault requirements for unearthed


networks
Earth Fault protection Requirement For Unearthed Networks
S
No.

Solution
Residual
overvoltage
protection (ANSI
code 59 N)

Sensitive
directional earth
fault protection
devices for
outgoing feeder

Earthing
Transformer

Solution Description

Protection
Relay Details

Advantages

Disadvantages

If this protection function


This protection used to detect phase to 7SJ62,7SN60,7
This protection function used to
trips, it will result in tripping
earth and carried out via a voltage
SG13,REU610,
protect ungrounded system for line
of all the other outgoing
transformer with three windings whose 7SK80,REG670
to ground fault.
feeders which are connected
tertiary is connected in an open delta.
,7RW80
to the collector bus.

directional earth fault protection


In ungrounded system
7SJ62,7SN60,7 allows the capacitive current of a ground fault current is very
SG13,REF543 healthy feeder to be distinguished
small, for providing
To avoid spurious tripping, the outgoing
7SK80,REG670 from the capacitive current of a
protection to such small
feeders must be fitted with directional
,7SJ63,7SJ80,
faulty feeder
current, we create a more
earth fault protection
REF541,REX52 Directional earth protection provide sensitive system and this
1
coordination with upstream
results in false tripping,
protection.
seldom.

It is used to provide a ground path on


either an ungrounded Wye or a Delta
connected system.

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The fault current in the event of a


grounded phase may be limited by
the insertion of a grounding resistor This solution is expensive.
with either a zig-zag scheme or a
wye delta scheme

Thank you for your attention

vestas.com

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