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7.

4 Homeostasis
and Cells

Cells
Cells have the same basic composition, and

the same kinds of organelles, but not all


living things are the same
Cells are ___________________ and associate

with other cells in special ways

Unicellular Organisms
_________________

relatively constant
internal physical and
chemical conditions
Single-celled
organisms are living
too.
-

Types of Unicellular
Organisms
__________________
Protozoa (picture on previous slide)
Algae have chloroplasts, found in

water
Yeast (a unicellular fungi) break down
nutrients

_________________
Bacteria highly adaptive and can live
almost anywhere
Both prokaryotes and eukaryotes,

though unicellular, ______ __________


_______ _____________ ________________.

Multi-cellular Organisms
Cells have a certain job in the body and are

specialized for their task


Analogy: cells work together like members of a
baseball team-are interdependent
Members of a baseball team have different jobs

coach, catcher, pitcher, fielders, trainers


Need to communicate effectively

So do cells!

The cells of multicellular organisms


become specialized for particular tasks
and communicate with one another to
maintain homeostasis.

Some
specialized
cells,
pg
215
Fig 7-22 Human

trachea epithelial cells Fig 7-23 Pollen grains from


pine tree
-

Levels of Organization
The specialized cells of multicellular organisms are

organized into tissues, then into organs, and finally


into organ systems.

Levels of Organization
A ______________ is a group of similar cells that

performs a particular function.

Levels of Organization
To perform complicated tasks, many groups of tissues

work together as an _____________.


Each type of tissue performs an essential task to help

the organ function.


In most cases, an organ completes a series of
specialized tasks.

Levels of Organization
A group of organs that work together to perform a
specific function is called an ________________.

For example, the stomach, pancreas, and


intestines work together as the digestive system.

Levels of Organization
The organization of the bodys cells into tissues,

organs, and organ systems creates a division of labor


among those cells that allows the organism to
maintain homeostasis.

Levels of Organization: review


Cells make
Tissues, which make
Organs, which make
Organ systems,

which make
Organisms

Cellular Communication
Cells are specialized,

but interdependent
Cells MUST

________________
___________________
Some cells form a

connection to another
cell, called cellular
junctions

Signals pass through junctions, but

only if they have the right


_____________ (like a receiver) =
specific protein that has specific
shape that molds to a specific
molecular messenger
Ex: junctions in the heart electrical signals

pass through junctions to make heart


contract and pump blood

In your Notes, answer


these:
1. What is homeostasis?

2. What do unicellular organisms do to


maintain homeostasis?

3. What is cellular
specialization?
Cellular specialization describes how, in

multicellular organisms, groups of cells


play different, specific roles.
Ex: Cilia on trachea cells

4. What are 2 things that help cells


communicate and maintain
homeostasis?