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Packet Abis and A over IP

Overview

Soc Classification level


1
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

All IP/ Ethernet in NSN 2G Radio Access elements


Entire NSN GSM interfaces supporting IP/ ETH

Before

BSS13

RG10

RG20

(CESoPSN)

(CESoPSN)

Packet Abis
A over IP

Soc Classification level


2
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Dynamic Abis today


TDM offers less flexibility
Each voice channel is allocated to a dedicated air interface channel
Each timeslot is allocated for dedicated traffic
PWE maps timeslot transparently on Ethernet no bandwidth optimization
Fix allocation of bandwidth pooling is done for PS data only
Less flexibility to react on data peaks

Legacy TDM
Soc Classification level
3
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

PWE CESoPSN

Packet Abis pools all traffic types

TDM: All timeslots/E1 are pooled single bit-pipe


Similar to Ethernet media
CS, PS, signaling and management traffic shares the same bandwidth
No dedicated bandwidth reserved
No empty packets are sent (Unused, silence )
Soc Classification level
4
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Packet Abis and AoIP Features


BSS15/RG20 Features

BSS21440 Packet Abis over TDM (MLPPP)


BSS21454 Packet Abis over IP/Ethernet
BSS21444 Packet Abis Security
BSS21438 Packet Abis over Satellite
BSS21439 Packet Abis Synchronization ToP IEEE 1588v2
BSS30450 Packet Abis Synchronous Ethernet
BSS21443 Packet TRS for UltraSite / BTSplus (requires ETIP and PW)
BSS21445 Packet Abis Congestion Reaction
BSS21341 A over IP
BSS30395 Packet Abis Delay Measurement

Soc Classification level


5
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

BSC3i Block Diagram (S15)


Abis
Abis over IP
(PWE)
Packet Abis
over TDM

Ater

ET or
STMU

STMU

Packet Abis
over Ethernet

TCSM3i or
TCSM2

ET

ETIP

Ater (PWE)

Bit
based
TDM
switch

ETP

ETIP

ETP

LAN
switch for
ETPLAN

A
TCSM3i

ET or
STMU

Ater in MGW
Gb over FR

ETP-A

A over IP
(transcoding in MGW)

CLS

Gb over
IP

PCU
LAN
switch for
PCULAN

MCMU

BCSU

Q3, CBC (X.25)

OMU

EMB LAN switch

LAN switch for CPULAN


Soc Classification level
6
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Lb, BSC-BSC, A (SIGTRAN)


Q3, CBC (LAN)

HD

MO drive
Ethernet
TDM

Packet Abis and AoIP, combined scenarios


ETPA

PAbis oEth

AoIP (FI) U-plane


Compressed codecs

Eth

MGW

BSC

Eth

TCSM

ETPE

ETPC

PAbis oTDM

TDM

ETPT

G
S
W
B

Ater
TDM

TDM

TDM

Legacy Abis
TDM

Eth

AoIP (PI) Uplane G.711/CS


Data
AoTDM (PT)
G.711/CS
Data
Mc

AoIP C-plane

Plug-in units

ETP Exchange Terminal for Packet Transport


ETP-A Exchange Terminal for Packet Transport over A-interface

Functional units

ETPT, Exchange Terminal for Packet over TDM


ETPE, Exchange Terminal for Packet over Ethernet
ETPA, Exchange Terminal for Packet A-interface
ETPC, Exchange Terminal for Packet A-interface in Transcoder

Soc Classification level


7
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

MSS

Nb

Network SLA considerations for Abis PSN


The SLA parameters have the following recommended and maximum
values
Recommended means the performance is almost the same as traditional
TDM
Maximum means the system is operational but gives the KPIs that are
normally not acceptable

Soc Classification level


8
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Packet Abis Synchronization Options for BTS overview

RG20

Synchronization to

T1/E1 Interface
GPS clock source (NSN LMUB)
2MHz source
Adaptive Clock Recovery
ToP IEEE1588-2008 (FIQB, FIYB only)
Synchronous Ethernet (FIQB, FIYB only)

GPS

GPS
1588
Server
FlexiEDGE

CESoPSN PW
BSC
Eth

Packet Switched Network

T1/E1/2 MHz

Soc Classification level


9
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Eth

Packet Abis and AoIP, combined scenarios


BSC

Dynamic Abis

BTS

ET
Sn+pair

IP-BTS

E1
/T
1

Packet Abis
over TDM
(STM-1/OC-3)

ETS2

SET

IP-BTS

PacketPacketswitched
switched
network
network

GSWB

Sn+pair

ETPT

SB

ETP-A

Sn+pair

MUX

ETPC

ETPT

A over IP
TC in BSS
GigE

TCSM3i

ETP

TDM

ETPE

Ater

ET

Sn+pair
ETP-A

A over IP
TC in BSS

ETPC

PCU2-D

*) PCU2-E uses
internal LAN for ETP
connectivity.

PCU2-E
m/c plane
to ETPs

Presentation / Author / Date

ESB24s

GigE

MGW

TCSM3i
*)
Sn+pair

BCSUs

Soc Classification level


10
Nokia Siemens Networks

MGW

TR3s

Sn+pair

GigE

TCSM3i
or MGW

ETP

STMU
Packet Abis
over Ethernet

ET

Sn+pair
ETP

SET

TCSM2i,

TDMAter

A over IP
TC in MGW

ETP-A

ETPA

GigE

MGW

ETP/ETP-A Connectivity with Different BSC/TCSM


Configurations
General
ETP is available for Flexi BSC and BSC3i 1000/2000
Packet Abis over IP/Ethernet
Packet Abis over TDM (requires additionally new version of ETS2 E4A)
ETP-A is available for TCSM3i, Flexi BSC and BSC3i 1000/2000
BSC

BSC3i 1000 (one cabinet), upgraded BSC3i 1000 (to Flexi BSC, one cabinet) and upgraded BSC3i 660 (to
BSC3i 1000 or Flexi BSC, one cabinet) maximum number of cards/connections:
2+2 ETP, 2 ETP-A

This is equivalent to 16,000 Erlangs (2 x 8000 ch Packet Abis and A over IP)
If ETP-A in TCSM3i, no A over IP limitation

BSC3i 2000 (two cabinets) and upgraded BSC3i 660 (to BSC3i 2000 with two cabinets or Flexi BSC with
two cabinets) and Flexi BSC maximum number of cards/connections:
6+6 ETP, 4 ETP-A

This is equivalent to max. 32,000 Erlangs (4 x 8000 ch A over IP, Packet Abis non limiting, Flexi BSC capacity
25,200 Erl)
If ETP-A in TCSM3i, no A over IP limitation

Transcoder
TCSM3i (RG20) maximum number of cards/connections per cabinet:
5+5 ETP-A

This is equivalent to max. 19200 Erlangs (5 x 3840 ch A over IP)

This is equivalent to max. 11520 Erlangs (3 x 3840 ch A over IP)

TCSM3i (RG10 or older) maximum number of cards/connections per cabinet:


3+3 ETP-A
Soc Classification level
11
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

New delivery FlexiBSC, maximum ETPT, ETPE and


ETPA amounts
1 . Pack e t Abis o ve r T DM & ET P- Af o r A ( 6+ 6 ET PT ,4 ETP- A & 3 +3 ET S2a s ma te of ETPTs )

PDFU 0
PDFU-B

ET C0o r ET C2

GTI C 0 o r G T IC 1

S B1 -1

S B2 -0

SB 1-0

S B1 -0

SB 1-

S B1 -0

SB 1- 0

S B1 -1

S B1 -1

SB 1- 1

S B2 -0

S B2 -0

SB 2- 0

S B1 -0

S B 1-0

S B1 -1

S B 1-

S B2 -0

S B 2-0

B1
S

SB 1- 0

SB 2-0

SB1

SB2
1 1

SB 1- 1
0

S B2 -1

OP R

SB 3-0

SB 3-1

S B2 -1

O PR

O PR

S B3 -0

S B3 -0

S B3 -1

S B3 -1

SB 2- 1

S B2 -1

S B4 -0

S B4 -0

SB 4- 0

S B4 -1

S B4 -1

SB 4- 1

S B 2-1

O PR

OP R

T x/R x
F AIL
ST -1M /OCT -3x

SB 3- 0

SB 3- 1

SB 4-0

SB 4-1

SB 2- 1

O PR
T x/R
F AIL
S TM- 1/O C-3
Tx
0M
Rx
S TM- 1/O -3C
Tx
0
R
Rx

O PR
T x/R x
F AIL
S TM -1/ OC -3
T x
0M
R x
S TM -1/ CO -3
T x
0
R
R x

0M
R x
ST M-1 /OC -3
T x
0
R
R x
ST M-1 OC/ -3
T x

S TM- 1/O C-3Tx

S TM -1/ OCT -3x

1M
R x
ST M-1 OC/ -3

1M
Rx
S TM- 1/O -3C

1M
R x
S TM -1/ CO -3

1T x
R
R x

Tx1
R
Rx

1T x
R
R x

SH M
SHI
I 4T

SB 2-1

OPR

S B3 -0

S B3 -1

S B4 -0

S B4 -1

S B2

0 0

ET C1 o r ETC3

S B2

SB
1

1 1

2 1

1 0

ETH

SB 2

SB1

SB2

SB1

1 1

0 0

2 1

1 0

SB3

ETH

R U N

SB 2

SB1

1 1

0 0

2 1

1 0

S B3

S B3

ETH

R U N

RU N

0 0

2 1

1 0

S B3

ETH

2 1

1 0

SB 3

ETH

R U N

RU N

1 0

SB3

ETH

R U N

SB2

SB1

S B3

ETH

RU N

SB3

E T
E
T H
H

RU N

C L 3 TG

S B2 -1

O PR

SB1

SB 2
1

SB 2- 0
2 1

S B2- 1

S B3- 0

S B3- 1

S B4- 0

S B4- 1

SH IM 4 T

S B1 -0

S B1- 1

S B2- 0

OP R

SB3 -0

SB3 -1

SB4 -0

SB4 -1

SH IM 4T

S B1- 0

SB2 -1

O PR

SH IM 4T

SB1 -0

SB1 -1

SB2 -0

S B2 -1

S B3 -0

S B3 -1

S B4 -0

S B4 -1

SHI M 4 T

S B1 -0

S B1 -1

S B2 -0

SHI M 4 T

2000 x 900 x 600 cabinet

S E R1

S ER 1

E TPT

ET S2 E TS2 ET S2

SE R 1

SE R 1

ET PT

E TPT

SE R 1

ET PT

E TPT

SE R 1

ET PT

SE R 1

E T P- A

SE R 1

ET P- A

17

PDFU 1
PDFU-B

ETC
1

CLS 0

ETC
3

CLS 1

GSW2KB GTIC ETC


0
0
0
SGC1C-A

FTRB 3

1 .Packe t Ab is o ver ET H an d E TP- Afo r A plus Dy namicA bis /Ate r

S B1 -0

S B1 -1

SB 1- 0

SB 1- 1

S B1 -0

S B1 -1

SB1 -0

S B 1-0

SB 1 -0

SB 1 -0

S B 1-0

SB1

S B2
1

SB1 -1

S B2- 0

S B2 -0

SB 2- 0

S B2 -0

SB2 -0

S B2- 1

S B2 -1

SB 2- 1

S B2 -1

SB2 -1

S B 1-

SB 1 -1

S B 2-0

SB 1 -1

O PR

S B3- 0

S B3- 1

O PR

S B3 -0

S B3 -1

O PR

SB 3- 0

SB 3- 1

O PR

S B3 -0

S B3 -1

S B 2-1

SB 2 -0

S B 2-0

SB 2 -1

S B 2-1
1

OP R

SB3 -0

SB3 -1

S B4- 0

S B4 -0

SB 4- 0

S B4 -0

SB4 -0

S B4- 1

S B4 -1

SB 4- 1

S B4 -1

SB4 -1

OPR

O PR

Tx/R x
FAI L
S TM- /O1 -3C
Tx0
M
Rx
S TM- 1/O -3C
Tx
0R
Rx
S TM- 1/O -3C
Tx
1
MRx
S TM- 1/O C-3Tx
1R
Rx

T x/R x
F AIL
S TM 1/- CO -3
0T x
M
R x
S TM -1/ CO -3
T x
0R

O PR
T x/R x
F AI L
ST -1M O/ C-3
0T x
M
R x
ST M-1 O/ C-3
T x
0R

SB1

SB 2
1

SB 2

SB1

SB 2

SB1

1 1

SB2

SB1

1 1

SB 2

SB1

SB 2

SB1

SB 2

SB1

1
1

S B 1-

SB 2 -0

SB 2 -1

OP R

S B3 -0

S B3 -1

S B4 -0

S B4 -1

OP R
Tx/ Rx
FA IL
ST M- /O1 -3C
Tx0
M
Rx

S B3

ETH

RU N

0 0

0 0

2 1

RU N

2 1

1 0

S B3

ETH

SB 3

ETH

R U N

1 0

SB 3

ETH

RU N

0 0

2 1

SB3

H
T

R UN

1 0

T
E

S B3

R U N

SHI M 4 T

S B1- 0

S B1- 1

0
S B2 -0

S B2 -1

O PR

S B3- 0

S B3- 1

S B4- 0

S B4- 1

1 0

SB 3

ETH

RU N

SHI M 4 T

S B1 -0

S B1 -1

S B2- 0

S B2- 1

SHI M 4 T

S B1- 0

S B1- 1

OPR

SB3 -0

SB3 -1

SB4 -0

SB4 -1

ET C1 or ET C3

ETC 0o r ETC2

GT IC0 or GTIC 1

SB1 -0

SB1 -1

SB2 -0

SB2 -1

SHI M 4 T

SGC1C-A
FTRB 2

S HI M 4 T

ETC
2

SB 3

E T
E
T H
H

R UN

ST M- 1/O -3C
Tx
0R

R x
S TM -1/ CO -3
T x
1
MR x

R x
ST M-1 O/ C-3
T x
1
MR x

Rx
ST M- 1/O -3C
Tx
1
MRx

S TM -1/ CO -3
T x
1R
R x

ST M-1 O/ C-3
T x
1R
R x

ST M- 1/O -3C
Tx
1R
Rx

E TS 2 ETS 2 ETS 2 ETS 2

CL 3 T G

GSW2KB GTIC
1
1

S ER 1

ET PE

SE R 1

E TP E

SE R 1

E TP E

SE R 1

ET PE

S E R1

E TP E

S E R1

E TPE

S ER 1

ETP -A

S E R1

E T P- A

BCSU 0

BCSU 1

BCSU 2 BCSU 3

LANU 1

BC1C-A
FTRB 0
BCSU 4

OMU
CC3C-A

DC3C-B
LANU 0

CC3C-B

MCMU 1

MCMU 0

17

FTRB 1
BCSU 5 BCSU 6

BC1C-A

6+6 ETPs, 4 ETP-As


Soc Classification level
12
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

BSC3i 1000/2000, maximum ETPT, ETPE and ETPA


amounts

ETC

CLAC
ETC ETC ETC ETC
Fan tray

Fan tray

LANU

Fan tray

LANU

MCMU
MCMU
Fan tray

OMU

ETC

CLOC

GSW2KB

GSW2KB

Cabling
BSC3i base cabinet option Extension cabinet

BCSU BCSU BCSU

BCSU

BCSU BCSU BCSU

BCSU BCSU BCSU

2000 x 900 x 600


Soc Classification level
13
Nokia Siemens Networks

Fan tray

Fan tray

GTIC

Fan tray

GTIC

LANU
CLAC

LANU

Fan tray

BCSU

(300) 2000 x 900 x 600

Presentation / Author / Date

6+6 ETPs, 4 ETP-As

S15 BSC LAN topology


L3 IP Connectivity
L3

L3
L3

SWU-0

SWU-1

ETP

ETP

SWU-6

0
OMU

BCSU

SWU-2

SWU-3

SWU-4

0
ETPLAN
ESB24-D

CPULAN
ESB24-D, ESB26

Soc Classification level


14
Nokia Siemens Networks

L3

SWU-7

MCMU

PCU

0
PCU

PCULAN
ESB24-D, ESB26

Presentation / Author / Date

SWU-5

Packet Abis and AoIP Logical Interfaces


EEP link
ETPA

Packet Abis
over TDM
ETPSIG-m

ETPT
ML PPP bundles
(Abis HDLC
links)

ETPSIG-m
Abis
ETPs

AoIP TC in
MGW

GW
BCSUs

ETPSIG-c
ETPSIG-c

ETP
C

all

AoIP TC
in BSS

ETPSIG-c

ETP
C

BCSUs

Packet Abis
over Ethernet

PEP HDLC link

PCU2-D

ETPE
PEP Eth link

PCU2-E

BSC

TCSM3
i
combi

TCSM3i
standalon
e

ETPSIG-m: O&M / management plane interface between a GW BCSU and an ETPx

ETPSIG-c: Telecom / control plane interface between all BCSUs and an ETPx
PEP link: data link between a PCU plug-in unit and an ETPE/T
EEP link: ETPA ETPE/T interface for CS user plane in AoIP TC in MGW case

Soc Classification level


15
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

AoIP TC
in BSS

IP Interfaces of ETP, ETP-A

EL0 External Link 0: Abis CS/PS u-planes, e2e measurement packets


and SynchE, Telnet, ssh.
Carrier sense interface
IL0/1 Internal Link 0/1: ETPSIG-c, ETPSIG-m, PEP Link, EEP link,
DHCP, FTP (SW upgrade).
BOND0 Internal links IL0 and IL1 are connected into one BOND
interface
Both interfaces are active providing also redundancy
IN0 Internal Octeon - DSP interface.
IM0 Internal direct link between Sn+ load sharing pair.

Soc Classification level


16
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

ETPSIG-m - Management plane interface between


GW BCSU and ETP

DMX messaging using logical


addresses
DX platform delivers
messages via a BCSU that acts
as a Gateway (GW role
nominated via D2 -MML
commands and has to be the
same for protecting unit)
alarms, supervision,
diagnostics, recovery, IP
configuration
configuration
Unreliable protocol ->
application must take care of
reliability
ETPSIGs use only limited IUA
protocol (IUA Data
Request/Indication messages)
Soc Classification level
17
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

ETPT-0-0 ETPT-0-1
Idle

Active
ETPSIGs
IUA
UDP
IP
Ethernet

GW BCSU-1

OMU, MCMU,
BCSU

Message Bus

BSC

ETPSIG-m establishment in startup of ETPE/T/A


ETP unit sends DHCPDISCOVER message in startup of ETP
unit

BSC internal DHCP server in OMU identifies the ETPE/T/A units based
on information (CARIDx, CABIDx and ADDMODxx) ETP adds to a
DHCPDISCOVER.

BSC internal DHCP server in OMU provides ETPSIG-m


addresses in DHCPOFFER

ETPs own IP address and GW BCSU IP address


Defined with QR and D2 MMLs

No DHCP service for ETPC


IP addresses configured locally with ST and stored into flash of ETPC
Must match with the configuration of master BSC

ETPSIG-m connectivity is established by ETP. After this DMX


messaging based configuration can be started

Soc Classification level


18
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

ETPSIG-c - Telecom / control plane interface between


all BCSUs and ETP
For telecom
messaging inside the
BSC, each BCSU has
direct interface to
each ETP unit

ETPT-0-0 ETPT-0-1
Idle

ETPE-n-0 ETPE-n-1

Active

Active

Idle

ETPSIGs
IUA
UDP
IP
Ethernet

BCSU-0

BCSU-n

Message Bus

BSC

Soc Classification level


19
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

ETPSIG in case of AoIP (TC in BSS)


MSS/MGW
BCSUs
IP/Ethernet
connectivity

BSC-1

ETPC-0-0

ETPSIGs
IUA

BCSUs

UDP
IP
Ethernet

BSC-n
(max 8 per ETPC)

ETPC-1-0
ETPC-2-0
ETPC-3-0
TCSM3i cabinet

One of the BSCs sharing the ETPC sees the ETPC as a functional unit and terminates the
ETPSIG-m
In combined BSC3i/TCSM3i installation the BSC that terminates the ETPSIG-m is the master
BSC

The other BSCs see the ETPC as a resource to be used with a certain TCSM functional unit
There are ETPSIG-c connections between ETPC and each BSC using the resources
Soc Classification level
20
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Packet Abis and AoIP, combined scenarios


BSC

Dynamic Abis

BTS

ET
Sn+pair

IP-BTS

E1
/T
1

Packet Abis
over TDM
(STM-1/OC-3)

PacketPacketswitched
switched
network
network

Sn+pair

Sn+pair

SET

ETPT

MUX

ETP
C

GigE

TDM

ETPE

Ater

ET

PCU2-E

Sn+pair
ETP-A

A over IP
TC in BSS

ETP
C

PCU2-D

MG
W

GigE

MG
W

TCSM3i

*)

BCSUs

Presentation / Author / Date

GigE

TCSM3i

ETP

m/c plane
to ETPs

A over IP
TC in BSS

TCSM3i
or
MGW

TR3s

Sn+pair

*) PCU2-E uses
internal LAN for ETP
connectivity.

Soc Classification level


21
Nokia Siemens Networks

SB

ETP-A

ETP

STMU

IP-BTS

GSWB

ETPT

ETS2

Packet Abis
over Ethernet

ET

Sn+pair
ETP

SET

TCSM2i
,

TDMAter

ESB24s

Sn+grou
p
ETP-A

ETPA

GigE

A over IP
TC in MGW

MG
W

OMUSIG & TRXSIG


OMUSIG/TRX
SIG

IUA
SCTP
IP

Ethernet
connectivity

Packet Abis over


Ethernet

SWU-0

SWU-1

SWU-n SWU-n+1

OMUSIG/TRX
SIG

IUA
SCTP

CPU

ETPT
BCSU

IP

Packet Abis over

BSC
Soc Classification level
22
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

TDM

Packet Abis C/M-planes TRXSIG/OMUSIG


IUA/SCTP protocol
Terminated in BCSU
Ethernet port of the CPU, no AS7
Packet Abis over TDM: connected via ETPT
TRXSIG and OMUSIG are carried over different SCTP associations
OMUSIG SCTP association carries only one stream per direction
TRXSIG SCTP association shall carry two streams per direction one is for
Measurement Report messages

SCTP multihoming is not used


SCTP chunk bundling (multiplexing) is used by default
SCTP fragmentation and reassembly is supported
Three parameter sets:
AFAST for normal Abis
ASATEL for satellite Abis
AMEDI between normal and satellite Abis

Soc Classification level


23
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Example: Sigtran, TRXSIG and ETPSIG-c in


Normal TCH setup

Figure 1
PAoTDM/Eth
AoIP (TC in MGW)

Soc Classification level


24
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Packet Abis over TDM U-plane


conversion/forwarding in ETPT
ETPT

Abis CS u-plane <-> Ater TRAU Frames


Abis CS u-plane <-> ETPA
Abis PS u-plane <-> PCUs
Payload type+PCU frame

RTP Payload

Compr. RTP header


Mux Header

voice codec
in TRAU Frames

PEP id

Payload type+PCU frame

DSP protocol
UDP

Compressed
IP/UDP
ML/MC-PPP
HDLC

AoIP packets

Modified UDP
PEP id

IP

Modified IP

TDM

Ethernet

Ethernet

TDM/HDLC like

Ater

EEP

PCU2-E

PCU2-D

TDM (Hotlink)

Packet Abis over TDM

Soc Classification level


26
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Packet Abis over TDM C/M-plane forwarding in


ETPT

ETPT

OMUSIG
TRXSIG
IUA

TRXSIG

IUA

SCTP

SCTP

IP
ML/MC-PPP
HDLC

IP

TDM (Hotlink)

Packet Abis over TDM

Soc Classification level


27
Nokia Siemens Networks

OMUSIG

Presentation / Author / Date

BSC internal Ethernet

BCSUs

Packet Abis over Ethernet U-plane


conversion/forwarding in ETPE
ETPE

Abis CS u-plane <-> Ater TRAU Frames


Abis CS u-plane <-> ETPA
Abis PS u-plane <-> PCUs
RTP Payload

Compr. RTP header


Mux header

Payload type+PCU frame

voice codec
in TRAU Frames

AoIP packets

PEP id

Payload type+PCU frame

DSP protocol

UDP

UDP

IP

IP

Modified IP

TDM

Ethernet

Ethernet

TDM/HDLC like

Ater

EEP

PCU2-E

PCU2-D

Ethernet

Packet Abis over Ethernet

Soc Classification level


28
Nokia Siemens Networks

Modified UDP
PEP id

Presentation / Author / Date

A over IP (TC in MGW) U-plane forwarding in


ETPA

ETPA

CS u-plane
bi-casting

Soc Classification level


29
Nokia Siemens Networks

voice codec

voice codec

RTP

RTP

UDP

UDP

IP

IP

Ethernet

Ethernet

EEP-interface

AoIP TC in MGW

Presentation / Author / Date

A over IP (TC in BSS) U-plane conversion in


ETPC
TCSM
3i
TR3

ETPC

conversion to TDM
G.711
G.711 in
64kb/s channel

RTP

UDP
IP

TDM

A/TDM

Soc Classification level


30
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Ethernet
AoIP TC in BSS

ETPE/ETPT/ETPC Equipment Protection


Redundancy principle: Load sharing pair
Normally both units are in WO-EX state, one unit is active and the other is

protecting (idle)
Only the active unit is processing Abis/AoIP traffic
Switchover: Protecting unit takes the active role
Virtual address mapping is changed at switchover (Gratuitous ARP)
Forced switchover
Initiated by forced state change or restart of the active unit
Forced state change can be caused by a fault (e.g. alarm hw_block_failure_in_piu (2794))
or user command
Calls are cleared

Controlled switchover
Initiated when the user changes the active unit to BL state (forced parameter not used)
Ongoing calls are maintained, information of ongoing calls is warmed to the redundant
unit during switchover
Disturbance Spare Unit Warmup Failure (1684) if warming fails

Soc Classification level


31
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

ETS2 Equipment Redundancy with ETPT


STM1/OC3
interfaces

SET-0
SET-1

working
Not used

Hotlink
interfaces

SET-2
SET-3
STMU-0

ETPT-0-0
active

active

GSWB0

GigE c ok

MPS1+1
pair
SET-4
SET-5
protecting
Not used

SET-6
SET-7
STMU-1
idle

Soc Classification level


32
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

ETPT-01
idle
GSWB1

BSC

ETPA Equipment Protection


Redundancy principle: Load sharing group
Normally all units are in WO-EX state and are able to carry
traffic
Forced state change

Forced state change can be caused by a fault (to TE) or user command
(to BL)
Calls are cleared

Controlled shutdown
Initiated when the user changes the unit to BL state (forced parameter

not used)
Ongoing calls are maintained (until time-out), new calls are not allowed

Soc Classification level


33
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Interface Redundancy
ETP or ETP-A connects to the transport network via two

different interfaces, one interface is active and the other is


passive
Carrier sense Ethernet
ETP Ethernet interface failure (3515) alarm

ETPT is a special case: interface redundancy is implemented


in the ETS2. Theres a control channel between the ETPT
and ETS2 for interface redundancy purposes.
Unit state bit in the hotlink.

Soc Classification level


34
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

ETS2 Interface Redundancy with ETPT

MPS1+1
pair

STM1/OC3
interfaces

SET-0

working

SET-2

protecting

SET-3

Hotlink
interfaces

SET-1
ETPT-0-0

GSWB0

active

STMU-0
active
GSWB1

BSC

Soc Classification level


35
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Supported Call Paths - Packet Abis and Legacy Ainterface


IntraBSC HO
BTS

Dynamic
Abis

2n

2n
E1/
T1

IP-BTS

Packet
Abis
over TDM
(STM
-1/OC
-3)

BSC

ET
ETP

SET

GSWB

SET

ETP

STMU

2n

A over IP

SB ETP-A GigE TC in BSS


MUX ETPC

ETPT
2n

ETS2

TCSM2,
TCSM3
or MGW

TDMAter

ET

ETPT

MGW

TR3s

TCSM3
TDM
Ater

ET

TCSM3A over IP

TC in BSS

ETP
-A

GigE

MGW

PCU2-D

ESB24sPCU2-E
BCSUs

m/cplane
to ETPs

Note: BSS Internal HO is a new HO type


specified because of AoIP.
Soc Classification level
36
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Pool
ETP-A

ETPA GigE

A over IP
TC in MGW

MGW

Legacy Abis
and Packet
Abis are
possible with
legacy A-if

Supported Call Paths - Packet Abis and AoIP (TC in


BSS)
BTS

Dynamic
Abis

2n

2n
E1/
T1

IP-BTS

BSC

ET
ETP

SET

Packet
Abis
over TDM
(STM
-1/OC
-3)

GSWB

SET

ETP

STMU

2n

A over IP

SB ETP-A GigE TC in BSS


MUX ETPC

ETPT
2n

ETS2

TCSM2,
TCSM3
or MGW

TDMAter

ET

ETPT

MGW

TR3s

TCSM3

IntraBSC HO

TDM
Ater

ET

TCSM3A over IP

TC in BSS

ETP
-A

GigE

MGW

PCU2-D

ESB24sPCU2-E
BCSUs

m/cplane
to ETPs

Note: BSS Internal HO is a new HO type


specified because of AoIP.
Soc Classification level
37
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Pool
ETP-A

ETPA GigE

A over IP
TC in MGW

MGW

Also in case
of remote
TCSM3i

Legacy Abis
and Packet
Abis are
possible with
AoIP (TC in
BSS)

Supported Call Paths - Packet Abis and AoIP (TC in


MGW, Full IP)
Intra-BSC HO
only within
Packet Abis
BTS

Dynamic
Abis

2n
E1/
T1

IP-BTS

Packet
Abis
over TDM
(STM
-1/OC
-3)

BSC

ET
2n
ETP

SET

GSWB

SET

ETP

STMU

2n

A over IP

SB ETP-A GigE TC in BSS


MUX ETPC

ETPT
2n

ETS2

TCSM2,
TCSM3
or MGW

TDMAter

ET

ETPT

MGW

TR3s

TCSM3
TDM
Ater

ET

TCSM3A over IP

TC in BSS

ETP
-A

GigE

MGW

PCU2-D

ESB24sPCU2-E
BCSUs

Legacy Abis is
not possible with
AoIP (TC in
MGW) in S15

m/cplane
to ETPs

Note: BSS Internal HO is a new HO type


specified because of AoIP.
Soc Classification level
38
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Pool
ETP-A

ETPA GigE

A over IP
TC in MGW

MGW

MSS
controlled
BSS Internal
HO between
A-if types

Packet Abis and A over IP


CS user plane

Soc Classification level


39
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

ETP and ETP-A plug-in units in BSC and TCSM


BSC

Dynamic Abis

BTS

ET
Sn+pair

IP-BTS

E1/
T1

Packet Abis
over TDM
(STM-1/OC-3)

PacketPacketswitched
switched
network
network

Sn+pair

Sn+pair

SET

SB

ETP-A

A over IP
TC in BSS

MUX

ETPC

GigE

ETPT

TR3s

TCSM3i

Sn+pair

GigE

ETP

TDM

ETPE

Ater

ET

Sn+pair
ETP-A

ETPC

PCU2-D

*) PCU2-E uses internal


LAN for ETP
connectivity.

A over IP
TCin BSS
GigE

MGW

TCSM3i

PCU2-E *)
Sn+group

BCSUs
m/c plane
to ETPs

Soc Classification level


40
Nokia Siemens Networks

MGW

ETP

STMU

IP-BTS

GSWB

ETPT

ETS2

Packet Abis
over Ethernet

TCSM3i
or MGW

Sn+pair
ETP

SET

TCSM2i,

TDMAter

ET

Presentation / Author / Date

ESB24s

ETP-A

ETPA

GigE

A over IP
TC in MGW

MGW

Downlink CS traffic handling in ETPT


ETPT receives Ater/TRAU frames from GSWB (in case TC is

in BSS) or RTP packets from ETPA (in case TC is in MGW) for


the given CS call
If ETPT receives Ater/TRAU packets from GSWB
ETPT converts Ater/TRAU packets to RTP packets
ETPT performs silence removal

ETPT multiplexes the RTP packets to Packet Abis packets.


If header compression is enabled for UDP/IP, ETPT performs
UDP/IP header compression for the Packet Abis packets.
ETPT sends the Packet Abis packets to the BTS sites using
ML/MC-PPP links. If header compression is enabled for MLPPP, ETPT performs header compression for the ML-PPP
headers

Soc Classification level


41
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Uplink CS traffic handling in ETPT


ETPT receives Packet Abis packets from the BTS sites via

ML/MC-PPP link.
ETPT decompress the packet headers if needed.
ETPT demultiplexes the RTP packets, if needed.
In a case where Transcoder is located in BSS (it is either in
BSC or it is standalone Transcoder) ETPT converts the RTP
packets to Ater/TRAU frames and sends them to GSWB.
ETPT adds buffer delay to ensure that variation (jitter) in packet
arrival time does not normally cause missing frames on the Ater
interface.
In a case where Transcoder is located in MGW, ETPT sends
the RTP packets to the correct ETPA which sends them further
to MGW.
Soc Classification level
42
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Downlink CS traffic handling in ETPE


ETPE receives Ater/TRAU frames from GSWB (in case TC is
in BSS) or RTP packets from ETPA (in a case TC is in MGW)
for the given CS call.
If ETPE receives Ater/TRAU packets from GSWB
ETPE converts Ater/TRAU packets to RTP packets
ETPE performs silence removal

ETPE multiplexes the RTP packets to Packet Abis packets.


ETPE sends the Packet Abis packets to the BTS sites using
the Ethernet interface

Soc Classification level


43
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Uplink CS traffic handling in ETPE


ETPE receives Packet Abis packets from the BTS sites via

Ethernet link
ETPE demultiplexes the RTP packets, if needed.
In a case where Transcoder is located in BSS (it is either in
BSC or it is standalone Transcoder) ETPE converts the RTP
packets to Ater/TRAU frames and sends them to GSWB.
ETPE adds buffer delay to ensure that variation (jitter) in
packet arrival time does not normally cause missing frames on
the Ater interface.
In a case, where Transcoder is located to MGW ETPE sends
the RTP packets to the correct ETPA which sends them further
to MGW.

Soc Classification level


44
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Downlink CS traffic handling in ETPA


ETPA receives DL CS U-plane RTP packets from Media

Gateway via A over IP interface. The RTP packets may carry


speech frames (or CS data, not possible at the moment)
ETPA identifies the CS connection based on the UDP port
number where the DL CS-U-plane RTP packets are received
ETPA sends the received RTP packets to the correct ETPT (in
case of Packet Abis over TDM) or ETPE (in case of Packet Abis
over Ethernet) within UDP/IP packets.
The destination IP address shall be the BCFs U-plane IP address
The source IP address shall be the ETPAs IP address that is used on

the EEP interface


The destination UDP port number shall be the ETPT/ETPEs UDP port
number that has been provided to ETPA at the CS call setup.
The source UDP port number shall be the ETPAs UDP port number
that ETPA has allocated towards the ETPT/ETPE at the CS call setup.
Soc Classification level
45
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Uplink CS traffic handling in ETPA


ETPA receives UL CS U-plane RTP packets either from ETPT

(in case of Packet Abis over TDM) or from ETPE (in case of
Packet Abis over Ethernet) via the EEP interface.
ETPA identifies the CS connection based on the UDP port
number where the UL CS-U-plane RTP packets are received
(there is a separate UDP port number for each CS connection).
ETPA sends the received RTP packets to the correct Media
Gateway via the A over IP interface within UDP/IP packets
The destination IP address shall be the MGWs IP address
The source IP address shall be the ETPAs IP address that is used on
the AoIP interface
The destination UDP port number shall be the MGWs UDP port
number that has been provided to ETPA at the CS call setup
The source UDP port number shall be the ETPAs UDP port number
that ETPA has allocated towards the MGW at the CS call setup
Soc Classification level
46
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Downlink CS traffic handling in ETPC


ETPC receives DL CS U-plane RTP packets from Media

Gateway via A over IP interface. The RTP packets may carry


speech frames or Clearmode data
ETPC identifies the CS connection based on the UDP port
number where the DL CS-U-plane RTP packets are received
ETPC performs jitter buffering for the RTP packets
ETPC converts the RTP packets to G.711 coded 64k speech
samples (PCMU or PCMA encoded speech) or to CS data
samples (CS-data/fax/HSCSD data)
ETPC transmits the speech/data samples to TR3 plug in unit
with fixed frequency (50 packets/s)

Soc Classification level


47
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Uplink CS traffic handling in ETPC


ETPC receives 64k G.711 speech samples or CS data (CS-

data/fax/HSCSD-data) samples from TR3 plug-in-unit with fixed


frequency (50 packets/s)
ETPC identifies the CS connection based on the ETP-PCM
connection (PCM ID and TSL). Once the CS connection is
identified, ETPC is able to resolve the correct destination
address
ETPC converts the 64k G.711 speech samples or CS data
samples to RTP packets
ETPC sends the RTP packets to Media Gateway via A over IP
interface

Soc Classification level


48
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Bicasting in ETPA
ETPA supports bicasting functionality for the CS call when intra-BSC
handover is performed so that there is no change in the A interface
connection.
Bi-casting in BSS is possible only if codec type and channel mode
are not changed during Intra-BSC handovers, but here are following
exceptions:

Bi-casting in GSWB: FR_AMR <-> HR_AMR is possible using Dual rate TRAUfeature.
Bi-casting in ETPA: FR_AMR <-> HR_AMR is possible, if compatible codec
types and codec configuration are used in source and target side.

If codec is not compatible in AoIP TC in MGW, then BSS Internal


Handover is used and bi-casting is done by MGW and there are
two streams from MGW to BTS and back.
Bi-casting is done by MGW during Inter-BSC handovers and in
BSS Internal Handovers.
Soc Classification level
49
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Multiplexing of CS U-plane packet


In DL direction ETPT/ETPE shall pack several CS U-plane
RTP packets, that are addressed to the same BCF, to one
Packet Abis packet in such a way that:

The length of the Packet Abis packet does not exceed the Maximum
Multiplexing packet size parameter value
The wait time for any CS U-plane RTP packet does not exceed the
Maximum Multiplexing wait time on ETP parameter value
Number of Frames per packet is maximized, within the above
constraints

In UL direction ETPT/ETPE shall demultiplex the CS U-plane


RTP packets that are received from the BCF within one
Packet Abis packet

Soc Classification level


50
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Silence deletion in CS U-plane for AMR DL in ETPT


and ETPE
In case TC is in BSS, ETPT/ETPE shall support silence

deletion in CS U-plane for AMR DL frames in the following


manner:
ETPT/ETPE shall not send AMR NoData frames to the downlink

direction, unless the AMR NoData frames carry PAC/TFO signalling in


which case the AMR NoData frames shall be sent. In other words,
ETPT/ETPE shall delete the DL AMR NoData frames that do not carry
PAC/TFO signalling.
The next AMR frame, that is sent to DL direction after some DL AMR
NoData frames have been deleted, shall have the next unused RTP
sequence number and a timestamp which ETPT/ETPE has
incremented by the correct number of 20 mSec periods.

Soc Classification level


51
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Silence Deletion in CS U-plane for FR/EFR/HR DL


in ETPT and ETPE
In case TC is in BSS, ETPT/ETPE shall support silence
deletion in CS U-plane for FR/EFR/HR DL frames in the
following manner:

For FR/EFR/HR codec SID frames on the Downlink which are received
every 20 mSec ETPT/ETPE shall send the first SID frame following the
latest speech frame (i.e. the first frame with SP=0 shall be sent) and
after that ETPT/ETPE shall send every 8th SID frame. ETPT/ETPE
shall not send the other SID frames (i.e. the other DL SID frames are
deleted)
The next frame, that is sent to DL direction after some DL SID frames
have been deleted, shall have the next unused RTP sequence number
and a timestamp which ETPT/ETPE has incremented by the correct
number of 20 mSec periods.

Soc Classification level


52
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

TRAU frame conversion


In CS U-plane, when TC is in BSS, ETPT/ETPE converts the
RTP packets to TRAU frames in the UL direction and TRAU
frames to RTP packets in the DL direction. The conversion
depends on the type of CODEC being used for the CS call
S.
No.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

RTP_Payload_Type

Codec Name

Format

3
110
112
113
95
111

GSM-FR
GSM-EFR
AMR-NB
AMR-WB
Data codec
HR

16 kbps TRAU frame format


16 kbps TRAU frame format
16 kbps TRAU frame format
16 kbps TRAU frame format
16 kbps TRAU frame format
8 kbps TRAU frame format

Supported codecs

Soc Classification level


53
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Forwarding and addressing of OMUSIG and


TRXSIG signalling in ETPT
ETPT forwards OMUSIG and TRXSIG signalling between the

BCSUs and up to 256 BTS sites (BCFs).


When ETPT receives a DL C-plane or M-plane IP packet from
BCSU, ETPT forwards it to the correct BCF via the correct
HDLC bundle based on the IP packets destination IP address
(= BCFs M-plane IP address).
When ETPT receives an UL C-plane or M-plane IP packet from
BCF, ETPT forwards it to BCSU based on the IP packets
destination IP address ( ETPTs own IP address) and based
on the IP packets Protocol field (= SCTP).

Soc Classification level


54
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Packet Abis and A over IP


PS user plane

Soc Classification level


55
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

ETP and ETP-A plug-in units in BSC and TCSM

BSC

Dynamic Abis

BTS

ET
Sn+pair

IP-BTS

E1/
T1

Packet Abis
over TDM
(STM-1/OC-3)

Sn+pair

Sn+pair

SET

SB

ETP-A

A over IP
TCin BSS

MUX

ETPC

GigE

ETPT

TR3s

TCSM3i

Sn+pair

GigE

PacketPacketswitched
switched
network
network

ETP

TDM

ETPE

Ater

ET

Sn+pair
ETP-A

ETPC

PCU2-D

*) PCU2-E uses internal


LAN for ETP
connectivity.

A over IP
TCin BSS
GigE

MGW

TCSM3i

PCU2-E *)
Sn+group

BCSUs
m/c plane
to ETPs

Soc Classification level


56
Nokia Siemens Networks

MGW

ETP

STMU

IP-BTS

GSWB

ETPT

ETS2

Packet Abis
over Ethernet

TCSM3i
or MGW

Sn+pair
ETP

SET

TCSM2i,

TDMAter

ET

Presentation / Author / Date

ESB24s

ETP-A

ETPA

GigE

A over IP
TCin MGW

MGW

DL PS Traffic handling in ETPT


ETPT receives a Packet Abis PCU Frame from PCU2-D or

PCU2-E within a HDLC Data frame or within a UDP/IP packet.


ETPT updates its look-up tables based on the addressing
information that is received along the Packet Abis PCU Frame.
The old association, if there is one, is overwritten.
ETPT constructs a PS U-plane IP packet for DL transmission.
ETPT applies the UDP/IP header compression to the
constructed IP packet if the header compression for UDP/IP has
been enabled
ETPT sends the constructed IP packet to the correct BCF over
the correct MC/ML-PPP link. If header compression is enabled
for ML-PPP, ETPT performs header compression for the MLPPP headers.
Soc Classification level
57
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

UL PS Traffic handling in ETPT


ETPT receives a PS U-plane IP packet from BCF via some

MC/ML-PPP link. Destination UDP port number is PS_UDPMUX-Port.


ETPT makes the de-compression for the UDP/IP header, if
needed.
ETPT takes the RTP payload (i.e. the Packet Abis PCU Frame)
out of the received PS U-plane IP packet
By using its look-up tables ETPT retrieves the PEP ID
association for the packet
ETPT sends the received Packet Abis PCU Frame to PCU2D/E with the necessary address information via the correct
HDLC link or via the correct Ethernet link.

Soc Classification level


58
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

DL PS Traffic handling in ETPE


ETPE receives a Packet Abis PCU Frame from PCU2-D or

PCU2-E within a HDLC Data frame or within a UDP/IP packet.


ETPE updates its look-up tables based on the addressing
information that is received along the Packet Abis PCU Frame.
The old association, if there is one, is overwritten.
ETPE constructs a PS U-plane IP packet for DL transmission.
ETPE sends the constructed IP packet to the correct BCF via
the Ethernet interface.

Soc Classification level


59
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

UL PS Traffic handling in ETPE


ETPE receives a PS U-plane IP packet from BCF via the

Ethernet interface.
ETPE takes the RTP payload (i.e. the Packet Abis PCU
Frame) out of the received PS U-plane IP packet.
By using its look-up tables ETPE retrieves the PEP ID
association for the packet
ETPE sends the received Packet Abis PCU Frame to PCU2D/E with the necessary address information via the correct
HDLC link or via the correct Ethernet link.

Soc Classification level


60
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Buffering of UL PS traffic in ETPT and ETPE


ETPT and ETPE buffers the UL User Plane data traffic towards
the PCU2-Ds to prevent data loss in possible congestion
situation in PCU2-D ETPT/ETPE interface.
The buffer size per HDLC link shall be about 3 kbytes (that
amount of data can be transmitted via the HDLC link within 50
ms). If the buffer overflows, then the incoming packets can be
discarded.

Soc Classification level


61
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Packet Abis and A over IP


Configuring

Soc Classification level


62
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Configuring the Packet interfaces


1. Increasing BCSU memory to 1GB (optional, needed for BSC1000/2000)
S15 Firmware and memory upgrade procedure
2. IP Address planning
Guidelines from NED: BSC IP Connectivity guidelines
3. Configuring LAN topology changes (topology, L3, optional)
L3 BSC IP Site Connectivity upgrade
4. Configuring Packet Abis
5. Configuring BCF
6. Configuring Packet A

Soc Classification level


63
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Configuring LAN topology changes (optional)


1. Configuring LAN topology change T3-T6
2. Configuring L3

Soc Classification level


64
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Configuring the Packet Abis BSC - Steps


1. Configuring LAN Devices (ETPLAN)
2. Creating ETPE/T
3. Configuring PCU2 for Packet Abis
4. Configuring ETS2 for Packet Abis over TDM (optional)
5. Configuring ETPE/T network interfaces
6. Configuring ETPE/T IP addresses
7. Configuring ETPSIG interfaces
8. Configuring EEP
9. Configuring PEP
10. Configuring BCSU network interfaces for OMUSIG and TRXSIG
11. Configuring BCSU IP addresses for OMUSIG and TRXSIG
12. IP Routing Data Handling
EEP-if (BTS)
TRXSIG and OMUSIG (ETPT)

Soc Classification level


65
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Packet Abis new BTS installation


Outline of Activation and operation
Steps to create BCF to use Packet Abis
1. Create SCTP associations for OMUSIG & TRXSIG(ZOY)
2. Create D-channels for OMUSIG & TRXSIG (ZDW)
3. Create Abis HDLC links (only in case of Packet Abis over
TDM)
4. Create BCF
5. Create BTS/HOC/POC no changes to these
6. Create TRXs
7. Open abis HDLC links (only in case of Packet Abis over
TDM)
8. Unlock/activate created objects
Soc Classification level
66
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Configuring the Packet A with ETPA in BSC - Steps


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Creating ETPA
Configuring ETPA network interfaces
Configuring ETPA IP addresses
Configuring ETPSIG interfaces
Configuring EEP
IP Routing Data Handling
EEP-if (BTS)
MGW

Soc Classification level


67
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Configuring the Packet A with ETPC in TCSMSteps


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

ETPC local configuration


Creating ETPC
Configuring ETPC network interfaces
Configuring ETPC IP addresses
Configuring ETPSIG interfaces
IP Routing Data Handling
ETPSIG
MGW

Soc Classification level


68
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

PA over Ethernet BSC internal host port VLANs


TRXSIG
Optional
BCF group level
VLAN

CS U-plane
Optional
BCF group level
VLAN

OMUSIG
Optional
BCF group level
VLAN

PS U-plane
Optional
BCF group level
VLAN

ETPSIG-c
No VLAN
ETPSIG-m
No VLAN

ETPE

ETPAs

EEP link
BSC internal
CS u-plane VLAN
PEP link
BSC internal
PS u-plane VLAN

PCU2-Es

DHCP
no VLAN
BCSU
0
Soc Classification level
69
Nokia Siemens Networks

BCSU
1

BCSU
2

Presentation / Author / Date

BCSU
3

BCSU
4

BCSU
5

BCSU
6

OMU

PA over TDM BSC internal host port VLANs


CS U-plane
over TDM

EEP link
BSC internal
CS u-plane VLAN

STMU

PS U-plane
over TDM

TRXSIG
VLAN

OMUSIG/TRXSIG is routed through ETPT i.e.


ETPT is serving as next-hop gateway towards
BTS from BCSU.

OMUSIG
ETPT

VLAN

ETPAs

ETPSIG-c
No VLAN
ETPSIG-m
No VLAN
PEP link
BSC internal
PS u-plane VLAN

PCU2-Es

BCSU
0

BCSU
1

DHCP
no VLAN
Soc Classification level
70
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

BCSU
2

BCSU
3

BCSU
4

BCSU
5

BCSU
6

OMU

ETPSIG-m/c addresses and connectivity


ETPE/T ETPE/T ETPE/T ETPE/T ETPE/T ETPE/T ETPE/T ETPE/T ETPE/T ETPE/T
3-0
3-1
2-1
0-0
0-1
2-0
4-0
4-1
1-1
1-0
active
idle
idle
active
idle
idle
active
active
active
idle

ETPE/T ETPE/T
5-1
5-0
idle
active

ETPSIG-c
No VLAN
ETPSIG-m
No VLAN

= one IPv4 address

BCSU
0

Soc Classification level


71
Nokia Siemens Networks

BCSU
1

BCSU
2

Presentation / Author / Date

BCSU
3

BCSU
4

BCSU
5

BCSU
6
SP-EX

Packet Abis and A over IP


Troubleshooting

Soc Classification level


72
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

IP connectivity troubleshooting tips


Physical connection verification
Cabling, port settings (state, duplex, speed, VLAN),
Logical connection verification
VLAN, subnets, GW, spanning tree (loops)

Ping, tracert
Wireshark (or any other Ethernet monitoring tool)
Monitoring connection in SWUs (or site switch)

Soc Classification level


73
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Useful commands in ETP


Connectivity
ping [ip_address]

basic connectivity tests, ping from ETPE EL0 to BCF and from ETPA to MGW
NPGE has to work
it is normal behavior that ping from ETPT EL0 to BCF does not work

arp -a or dafdb

displays ARP entries of unit. If entry for GW address is <incomplete> then there is a
problem in connectivity

Soc Classification level


74
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Useful commands in ETP


Configuration
dbcfinfo

displays all BCFs configured to unit

dbcfinfo [bcf_id]

displays IP configuration related to BCF

etpsig_m_info

displays ETPSIG-M information

etpsig_c_info

displays ETPSIG-C information

detpps

displays to which PCU PEP link is created (can be used with ETPE/ETPT only)

dhdlcinfo [index]

displays status of HDLC link between ETPT and BCF. LCP-STATE has to be 9 for
BCF OMUSIG to work. There is separate HDLC link for each BCF. Link index of a
BCF is visible in ZEFO MML output (EBID parameter).

Soc Classification level


75
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Useful commands in ETP


Configuration
route or drfdb

displays IP routing information

ifconfig or dinterface

displays interface information

dbscp

displays QoS and overload parameters

Soc Classification level


76
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Useful commands in ETP


Traffic
detpcs all

displays number of active CS calls handled by unit

dudul

displays number of UL IP packets routed by unit

duddl

displays number of DL IP packets routed by unit

dpdul

displays number of UL IP packets dropped by unit

dpddl

displays number of DL IP packets dropped by unit

netstat -a

displays TCP/UDP ports used by unit

dscfp

displays number of SCTP packets passed by ETPT

Soc Classification level


77
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Packet Abis and A over IP


Q&A

Soc Classification level


78
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Some answers to earlier asked questions


Why PEP interface is created only into IFETH0 in PCU2E and

interface is created as BOND ( of interfaces IL0 and IL0) in ETP


PEP interface is created in PCU only to IFEHT0. PCU2 internally binds
IFETH1 into BOND interface.

Does call change to Full IP after HO from legacy Abis to PAbis


When HO is made from legacy Abis BTS into PAbis BTS, A-if type is not
changed, i.e. call remains using legacy A-if.

Does all the TRXs of one BTS (BCF) be under the same BCSU as

only one BCSU IP address is given to BCF during commissioning.


TRXs can use different BCSUs (lapd) in one BTS as they do also in legacy
abis configuration
IP address given during commissioning is only the IP address of OMUSIG
BCSU. Other IP addresses are configured by BSC during BCF startup.

Soc Classification level


79
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

RG20 Pilot Lessons Learnt,


Technical Findings & Tips
RG20 Pilot Team
Ver 5.0

Soc Classification level


80
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Introduction
This document summaries technical findings and tips learnt in
RG20 pilots
This document aims to help new RG20 projects to let them
avoid and overcome some of the issues faced in piloting
phase

Soc Classification level


81
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

ETPE/T/A units general


Entity Area Finding & Tip

BSC

ETP/
ETP-A

While upgrade of ETP it must be ensured that both flashes are working fine (this can be
checked by ZWDM MML command for active and stand by flash or ssv 1 and ssv 2
output on ETP service terminal). Also ensure to upgrade the SW in both the flashes
while downloading new SW into ETP. Avoid restarting the ETP with C=TOT option as
this results in flash switchover and incase the back up flash is not fine the card gets
stuck. The recovery for this is to physically jack out and jack in the card since physical
jack out and jack in brings the card from the active flash.

BSC

ETP/
ETP-A

While configuring etpsig-m for active and redundant ETPE/T/A ensure that the GW
BCSU is the same. This is to avoid problems during switchovers and restarts.

BSC

ETP/
ETP-A

The electrical SFP type of the EL0 interface shall be the FCLF-8520-3. The FCLF-85203 uses the SFPs RX_LOS pin for link indication. The link indication is needed for
interface and equipment redundancy i.e. to trigger switchover if theres a failure in the
Ethernet interface.
The FCLF-8521-3 does not have a link indication feature (RX_LOS is internally
grounded).

BSC

ETP/
ETP-A

If electrical (copper) EL0 cabling is in use the Autoneg setting in the other peer (external
switch port) shall be ON (dublex auto, speed auto).
If optical (fibre) EL0 cabling is in use the Autoneg setting in the other peer (external
switch port) shall be OFF.

Soc Classification level


82
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

ETPE/T/A units and Packet Abis general


Entity Area Finding & Tip
BSC

ETP/
ETP-A

With equipment protection normally the both ETPE/T/C units of a pair are in WO-EX
state. The other is active and the other is idle. The controlled way to make a switch
over is to change the active unit to BL. Then the active unit goes to BL-EX and after the
calls are transferred to the pair the unit goes to BL-ID and the other unit of the pair
takes the WO-EX active role.

BTS

PAoETH
PAoTDM

Differing from the default BTS SCF values for the OMUSIG SCTP signaling protocol,
the Selective Acknowledgement period has to be configured to 110ms (same as in
BSC).

BSC

PAoETH
PAoTDM

As default SCTP bundling is in use for OMUSIG and TRXSIGs. Because of bundling
delay the BTS level parameter SLO (number of timeslots to spread retransmissions)
must be changed from 10 to SLO=32.
If mirroring is configured to take Wireshark logs from ports of a BSC internal LAN switch
e.g

BSC

SWUs
(ESB24
-D)

mirror enable
mirror add 1/1/3-1/1/20
mirror monitor 1/1/24

when ending the monotoring Its not enough to


mirror disable
no mirror monitor

remember also to remove ports that were mirrored


mirror del 1/1/3-1/1/20

otherwise there may be disturbances in the switching.


Soc Classification level
83
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

A over IP
Entity

Area

Finding & Tip

BSC

AoIP
u-plane

BSC does not supervise the e-2-e user plane of AoIP (both TC in MGW and TC in
BSS) is not supervised. If NSN MGW is in use turn the RTCP u-plane supervision
OFF. When integrating the ETPA/C unit remember to ping the other peer (i.e. MGW
u-plane address).

BSC

AoIP

Set the NSN MSS/MGW parameter AOIP TRANSPORT TYPE PERCENTAGE to


100. Then the AoIP is used for all the call set-ups when using of AoIP is possible.
RG20 release has a restriction that AoIP TC in MGW can be used only with Packet
Abis BTS sites. Because of this the system makes an BSS internal HO with MSS
support if:

BSC

AoIP

the MS makes an intraBSC HO from Packet Abis cell to a legacy Abis cell (the call has been set
up with AoIP).
the MS makes an interBSC HO (or interSystem HO) to a legacy Abis cell and MSS first tries to
use AoIP for the call. The call is re-attempted with an AoTDM circuit.

This BSS internal HO with MSS support is needed to change the A-if type used for
the call.

BSC

A-if
signalling
(also
legacy A)

Soc Classification level


84
Nokia Siemens Networks

If with NSN MSS a log writing MCMU log: TWO WAY RELEASE TO SWICOP;double
reserve is seen in the MCMU the BSSAP par nbr. 61 "MODIFIED REESTABLISHMENT RELEASE SEQUENCE shall be changed to Yes in the MSS.

Presentation / Author / Date

Packet Abis over IP/Ethernet


Entity Area Finding & Tip
BSC

BSC

NPO

D-channel creation: Instead of modifying the existing D-channels it is better to create


new D-channels for Packet Abis sites using different naming convention: e.g. P011A
instead of T011A (for BCF 011 TRX 10). This simplifies the switchover as new Dchannels can be created beforehand. Also fallback is easier if needed. After stability
period the old D-channels shall be deleted. Applicable also for PAoTDM.

NPO

SIGTRAN subnets are advertised towards core network but TRXSIG and OMUSIG not.
To support separate global and local routing tables in multilayer site switch (MLS) it is
advisable to create separate VLANs in L3 interface between SWU and MLS for
SIGTRAN and OMU/TRXSIG.
See pilot plans in NPO IMS: Cosmote RG20 Pilot (Packet Abis and AoIP)
material https://sharenet-ims.inside.nokiasiemensnetworks.com/Open/426741732
Micros oft
and NPO pilot learning's.
PowerPoint Pres entation

Soc Classification level


85
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Packet Abis over TDM


Entity

Area

Finding & Tip

NPO

Traffic scheduling activation assumes valid value for DLCIR parameter even the
given parameter is relevant only for Ethernet and not for ML-PPP. As a workaround
apply: DLCIR = ML-PPP capacity.

BSC/BTS

HC

In S15 you cannot have Header Compression ON in one direction. So, there is
nothing like HC enabled in UL only or HC enabled in DL only. It has to be enabled
in both sides ( from BSC and BCF) and then BCF and HDLC link lock unlock to be
performed.

BSC

HDLC

In case the associations for certain PAoTDM sites go down. The work around for
this is to lock and unlock the HDLC links followed ETPT switchover.

BSC

ML PPP
bundle

A Packet Abis over TDM feature specific PRFILE shall be installed to change the
value of PRFILE parameter PCM_MAINT_ANNOUNCE_TL (parameter ID Class
10, id 4) from ten to five seconds. This makes the ETPT to react faster if a single
E1/T1 link of a MLL PPP bundle fails.

BSC/BTS

Soc Classification level


86
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

OSC
Entity
BSC/BTS

Area Finding & Tip


OSC

BTS SW has to be attached to BCFs before OSC can be activated


Null circuit has to be created to make CSDAP working, example:

BSC

OSC

Soc Classification level


87
Nokia Siemens Networks

ZRCC:TYPE=SPE,NCGR=BB_ZERO,CGR=99:FORMAT=0,HUNTED=N,:
ZRCA:NCGR=BB_ZERO:CRCT=0-0&-1:

Presentation / Author / Date