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 MEANING: Employee or labour welfare is
comprehensive term including various
services, benefits and facilities offered to
employee by the employer. Through such
generous fringe benefits the employer
makes life worth living for employees.
The welfare amenities are extended in
addition to normal wages and other
economic rewards available to employees
as per the legal provisions.
 According to Dr. parandikar, “labour welfare
work is work for improving the health, safety and
general well being and the industrial efficiency of
the worker beyond the minimum standard laid
down by labour legislation.
 Welfare measures may also provided by the
government, trade unions and non-government
agencies in addition to the employer. The basic
purpose of welfare is to enrich the life of
employee and keep them happy and contended.
 Enables workers to have a richer and more
satisfying life.
 Raises the standard of living of the workers by
indirectly reducing the burden on their pocket.
 Absorb the shocks injected by industrialisation and
urbanisation on workers.
 Promotes a sense of belonging among workers,
preventing them for resorting to unhealthy
practices like absenteeism, labour turnover,
strikes, etc.
 Central government
 State government

 Employers

 Trade unions

 Other agencies
Central government
 The central government tries to extend its
helping hand through various acts covering the
safety , health and welfare of workers. The
factories act,1948, mines act,1952,shipping
act, 1948,plantation labour act, 1951.
 State government : government in
different states and unions territories offer
welfare facilities to workers. In Assam a
statutory welfare fund is created for offering
medical, educational, and other facilities to
plantation workers.
 Enlightened employers like TISCO,HUL, Godrej ,L&T,
siemens, Voltas, Bajaj , birlas , sandoz, philips, HMT,
LIC, BHEL ,Air India, Hindustan copper, RCF etc. have
undertaken welfare activities in the interest of
 Trade unions: the contribution of trade unions in
India towards labour welfare activities is not
significant. poor finances, multiple unionism, often
come in the way of undertaking labour welfare work
enthusiastically. There are certain exception to this-
like the Ahmedabad textile labour association,
mazdoor sabha of kanpur, and the indian federation
of labour.
Other Agencies
 In addition to the above social
organisations such as- the Bombay
social service league , seva sadan
societies of Bombay women’s
institute in west bengal, Assam seva
samity, Y.M.C.A. etc., also provide
services to the working class on a
voluntary basis.
Types of welfare
 Intramural  Exramural
 Drinking water  Housing
 Creches  Education
 Washing and bathing facilities
facilities  transportation
 Rest shelters  Sports facilities
 Uniform and protective
 Leave travel
 Canteens
 Vocational training
 Medical aid
 Holiday homes
 Maternity benefits
 Social insurance
 A scheme of workers education was envisaged on all India basis
by the government of India, way back in 1957.
 The scheme had four main objectives:
 To develop strong union through trained officials and more
enlightened members.
 To develop leadership from the rank and file.
 To equip organised labour to take its place in a democratic
society and discharge its social and economic functions.
 To promote among workers a greater understanding of the
problem of their economic environment and their privileges and
obligations as union members and officials and as citizens.
 Housing is the primary need of a worker’s
family in civilised life. Good houses means
possibility of home life, happiness and health;
bad houses spell squalour, drink, diseases,
immorality, crime, etc.
 Under the industrial housing scheme 1952, the
central government offers loans to industrial
workers for constructing houses at
concessional rates.
 The committee on labour welfare, 1969,
recommended the provision of transport
facilities to workers so that they can reach
the workplace punctually and comfortably.
Most employers have, however recognised
the workers’ need for transport services and
therefore responded favourably by providing
company owned/leased vehicles to workers
in major industrial centres especially in the
private sector.
 Though there is no statutory stipulation in this area,
progressive employers both in the public and
private sector consciously offered facilitation for
recreation sports and cultural activites. For example
companies like NIIT and TISCO have appointed a
chief fun officer to take care of parties and
functions held on every Friday. (in addition to
holiday packages, dating allowances, anniversary/
birthday gifts, games and competitions on
weekends and Gulab jamun, eating sessions)
Other facilities
 Canteen, restroom and lunchroom: canteens
established inside factories generally offer food
at subsidies rate.
 Washing facilities, medical aid , leave travel
concessions : most factories have first-aid
facilities to take care of minor injuries.
 Consumer cooperative stores: the Indian labour
conference in 1963 recommended the setting
up of consumer cooperative stores in all
industrial establishment including plantations
and mines employing 300 or more workers.
Statutory provisions
 The factories act, 1948:
 Washing facilities to male and female workers
 Facilities for storing and drying clothes.
 The plantation labour act,1951:
 A canteen if 150 or more workers are employed
 Recreational facilities for workers are employed
 Housing facilities for every worker and his family
residing in the estate.
The mines act,1951
 Shelters for taking food and rest if 50 or more
workers are employed
 First aid boxes and first aid rooms if 150 or more
workers are employed.
 A canteen if employing 250 or more workers.
 The motor transport workers act,1961:
 First aid equipment in each transport vehicle
 Medical facilities at the operating and halting centres.
 Prescribed amount of washing allowance to the staff
The contract labour
(regulation and abolition) act,
 Canteen if employing 100 or
more workers.
 Washing facilities

 First aid boxes equipped with

prescribed contents.
Labour welfare officer
 The factories act,1948 ,the plantation labour
act,1951 and the mines act,1951 provide for the
appointment of a labour welfare officer if the
numbers of workers employed within a unit exceeds
 Duties and responsibilities of labour welfare
officer : advisory
 Service oriented
 Supervisory
 Functional
 Policing
 mediation