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Presentation topic

Dehydration of
Natural Gas by Solid
Desiccant
By :Raja
Roll No 12PG46

Dehydration of Natural
Gas by Solid Desiccant
Introduction:

Dehydration: Dehydration mean the

removal of water vapors from natural gas.


Why we remove water vapors from
N.gas?
Water vapor is probably the most common
undesirable impurity found in untreated
natural gas..

water vapor
from natural gas is that
Hydrates formation
Corrosion
slugging
decreases the heating value of natural gas

being transported

Hydrates formation

Slugging

Corrosion

Water Content of Natural Gas


Streams
Water content of untreated natural gases is

normally in the magnitude of a few hundred


pounds of water per million standard cubic
foot of gas (lbm/MMscf);
while gas pipelines normally require water
content to be in the range of 6-8 lbm/MMscf
and even lower for pipelines in deep water

Dehydration Systems
Dehydration systems used in the natural gas

industry fall into four categories in principle


(a) direct cooling
(b) compression followed by cooling
(c) absorption
(d) adsorption

Introduction to Solid
Desiccant
Dehydration of gas by solid desiccant is a adsorption

process.
The process of removal of water vapors from a gas stream.
Adsorption is defined as the ability of a substance to hold
gases or liquids on its surface.
ADSORBATE
the substance which is adsorbed on the
surface .
ADSORBENT
the substance on which surface the
adsorbate is adsorbed

Mechanism
The mechanism of adsorption on a surface are

of two types:
Physical adsorption
The bonding between the adsorbed species
and the solid phase hold liquid.
Chemical adsorption
Involving chemical reaction.

Adsorbate vs
Adsorbent

Dehydration plants
Dehydration plants can remove practically all

water from natural gas using solid desiccants.


Because of their great drying ability, solid
desiccants are employed where higher
efficiencies are required.
The most common solid adsorbents used
today are.

SILICA GEl

ALUMINA

MOLECULAR SEIVE

Individual equipment
components
Inlet Separator:

To protect the desiccant from impurities such as


Free water, salt water ,compressor oil , liquid
hydrocarbon.
Adsorption tower:
The adsorption tower consist of a bed support,
the gas stream distributor at both ends,
adsorbent loading and removal connections.

Regeneration heater:
A heating unit which provides heat for

regeneration.
Regeneration cooler:
Use to cool the regeneration steam to within
15-20 degree Fahrenheit of the air
temperature.
Regeneration separator:
Separates the liquid and gas.