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Original Title: SRM Group6 Developing Countries

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DEPENDENDENCY

BETWEEN Internet Density AND GDP

By Group-6

Ankita Singh (UM14129)

Anup Kumar Patnaik (UM14131)

Archana Patange (UM14133)

Ayesha Hota (UM14134)

Bhagyashree Patra (UM14136)

Debasis Swain (UM14138)

Naved Alam (UM14149)

Neyati Bhanot (UM14150)

Shreya Subrata (UM14164)

Subhashree Patnaik(UM14171)

PROBLEM STATEMENT

Analysis of the relationship between GDP per

capita and Internet density for developing countries

VARIABLES

Dependent Internet density

A PRIORI Reasoning

Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network.

Internet density basically captures Internet users (per 100 people)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the monetary value of all the

finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in

a specific time period.

GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear

population.

Here we are trying to establish the relationship between GDP per

capita and Internet density in developing countries

HYPOTHESIS

Null Hypothesis :

Ho : There is no relation between GDP per capita and

the Internet density in developing countries.

Alternate Hypothesis:

H1: There is a relation between GDP and the Internet

density in developing countries.

MASTER DATA

Independent VariableGDP per Capita

DATA TYPE: Cross sectional

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IT.NET.USER.P2/countri

es?page=2

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD/countr

ies/1W?display=default

DATA SOURCE

METHODOLOGY

Dependent variable: Internet density

Independent variable: GDP per capita

Models Used: Simple Linear Model

Yi = + 1 Xi + u

Log linear model

Ln Yi = ln + 1 ln Xi + ei

Quadratic model

Yi = + 1x+ 2X2 + u

Cubic model

Yi = + 1x+ 2X2 + 3X3 + u

Independent variable:

Time in years

ln Yi = +1t+ u

Linear trend

Yi = + 1t + u

6

and u- Error term

Scatter Plot

LINEAR MODEL

Linear Model

Model Summary

R

R Square

Adjusted R Square

.731

.534

The independent variable is GDP_PerCapita.

.531

13.247

ANOVA

Regression

Residual

Total

Sum of Squares

25760.161

df

1

Mean Square

25760.161

22462.030

128

175.485

48222.191

129

F

146.794

Sig.

.000

Coefficients

Standardized

Coefficients

Unstandardized Coefficients

B

GDP_PerCapita

(Constant)

Std. Error

Beta

.004

.000

10.237

1.706

.731

t

12.116

6.001

Sig.

.000

.000

Quadratic Model

Capita GDP^2

Quadratic model

Model Summary

R

R Square

Adjusted R Square

.750

.562

The independent variable is GDP_PerCapita.

.555

12.893

ANOVA

Regression

Residual

Total

Sum of Squares

27109.954

df

2

Mean Square

13554.977

21112.237

127

166.238

48222.191

129

F

81.540

Sig.

.000

Coefficients

GDP_PerCapita

GDP_PerCapita ** 2

(Constant)

Unstandardized Coefficients

B

Std. Error

.005

.001

-1.110E-7

.000

6.906

2.031

Standardized

Coefficients

Beta

1.059

-.369

t

8.189

-2.849

Sig.

.000

.005

3.400

.001

Cubic Model

E^-11*GDP^3

Cubic Model

Model Summary

R

R Square

Adjusted R Square

.772

.596

The independent variable is GDP_PerCapita.

.586

12.437

ANOVA

Regression

Residual

Total

Sum of Squares

28733.766

Mean Square

9577.922

19488.425

126

154.670

48222.191

129

GDP_PerCapita

GDP_PerCapita ** 2

GDP_PerCapita ** 3

(Constant)

df

Sig.

.000

Coefficients

Unstandardized Coefficients

B

Std. Error

.010

.001

-7.181E-7

.000

1.903E-11

.000

1.757

F

61.925

2.522

Standardized

Coefficients

Beta

1.908

-2.386

1.331

t

6.577

-3.758

.

Sig.

.000

.000

.

.696

.487

Log-Linear Model

Log-Linear Model

Model Summary

R

R Square

Adjusted R Square

.789

.623

The independent variable is Log_GDP.

.620

.696

ANOVA

Regression

Residual

Sum of Squares

102.665

Total

df

1

Mean Square

102.665

62.062

128

.485

164.728

129

F

211.742

Sig.

.000

Coefficients

Standardized

Coefficients

Unstandardized Coefficients

B

Std. Error

Beta

Log_GDP

.849

.058

(Constant)

-3.884

.462

.789

t

14.551

-8.410

Sig.

.000

.000

Model Summary

R

R Square

.921

Adjusted R Square

.848

.835

1.869

ANOVA

Regression

Residual

Total

Sum of Squares

233.945

df

1

Mean Square

233.945

41.924

12

3.494

275.869

13

F

66.963

Sig.

.000

Coefficients

Unstandardized Coefficients

B

Case Sequence

(Constant)

Std. Error

Standardized

Coefficients

Beta

1.014

.124

-2.577

1.055

t

.921

Sig.

8.183

.000

-2.442

.031

Model Summary

R

R Square

.988

Adjusted R Square

.976

.974

.072

ANOVA

Regression

Residual

Total

Sum of Squares

2.531

df

1

Mean Square

2.531

.062

12

.005

2.593

13

F

491.491

Sig.

.000

Coefficients

Case Sequence

(Constant)

Unstandardized Coefficients

B

Std. Error

.105

.005

-.277

.041

Standardized

Coefficients

Beta

.988

t

22.170

-6.849

Sig.

.000

.000

FINDINGS

Model

Alpha()

Beta1

Beta2

Beta3

10.237

.004

Comparison

of the models

(.000)

(.000)

Linear

R sq.

.534

Log-Linear

-3.884

(.000)

.849

(.000)

.623

Quadratic

6.906

(.001)

.005

(.000)

-1.11E^-7

(.005)

Cubic

1.757

(.487)

.010

(.000)

-7.181 E^-7

(.000)

Linear Trend

-2.577

(.031)

1.014

(.000)

.848

Semi-Log

India

-.277

(.000)

.105

(.000)

.976

.562

1.903E^-11 .596

(.000)

Conclusion

Cubic model has R2 value of 0.596 signifies correlation between the

variables. All the models depict that total variation in Internet density is

explained by GDP per capita for developing countries.

Inferring from by the cubic model, there is definite relationship between

GDP per capita and Internet density.

Hence we can reject our null hypothesis and accept the alternate

hypothesis that there is significant relationship between GDP per capita

and Internet density for developing countries.

Thank You!

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