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BIO-DIESEL

PAPER
PRESENTATION

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WHAT IS BIO-DIESEL?

 It is the variety of ester


based oxygenated fuels
made from renewable
oilseeds such as
jetropha, karanja,
soybeans, canola &
jojoba.
 It is a fatty acid or methyl
ester.
JETROPHA PLANT

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ADVANTAGES OF BIO-DIESEL

 It can be used alone or mixed with in any ratio with


petroleum diesel fuel. The most common blend is ‘B20’.
 Bio-diesel reduces the health risks associated with
petroleum diesel fuel by releasing amount of PAH &
nPAH compounds.
 The use of Bio-diesel can extend the life of diesel
engine because it has more lubricating characteristics
then petroleum diesel fuel.
 Bio-diesel is safe to handle because it is as
biodegradable as sugar.

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ADVANTAGES OF BIO-DIESEL

 It has a flash point of


125°C as compared to
petro-diesel fuel which
has flash point of 55 °
C. Testing has shown
that flash point of bio-
diesel will increases as
the percentage of bio-
diesel is increases.

FRUITS ON JEROPHA

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BIO-DIESEL EMISSIONS

EMISSION TYPE B100 B20


Carbon Monoxide -50% -30%

Sulfates -100% -20%

Particulate Matter -30% -22%

Total Unburned Hydrocarbons -90% -30%

PAH (Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbons) -80% -13%

nPAH (nitrated PAH’S) -90% -50%

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ENVIRONMENTAL & SAFETY
INFORMATION

1. Acute oral toxicity: bio-diesel is non-toxic. By,


comparison table salt (NaCL) is 10 times more toxic
then bio-diesel.
2. Skin irritation to humans : Undiluted bio-diesel
produced very mild irritation.
3. Biodegradability : bio-diesel degrades up to four times
faster then petroleum diesel fuel. Within 28 days bio-
diesel degrades up to 85 to 88% in water. Blending bio-
diesel with petroleum diesel fuel accelerates its
biodegradability.

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PERFORMANCE

1. Power : Bio-diesel offers power, fuel consumption,


horsepower, torque, operation performance and
haulage rates as conventional diesel fuel.
2. Lubricity : Bio-diesel provides significant lubricity
improvement over petroleum diesel fuel. Even bio-
diesel levels below 1% can improve up to a 30%
increase in lubricity.
3. Compatibility with engine components : using high
percent natural or butyl rubbers compound that can
interrupt the working of engine components. If user
wish to fuel with replacement compatible elastomers is
recommended.

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PERFORMANCE

4. Bio-diesel in cold
weather : A 20% blend
of bio-diesel with
petro-diesel raises the
freezing properties
approximately 3 °F to
5° F . Neat bio-diesel
will being to freeze at
about 25 °F .
BIO-DIESEL FILTER
PAPER

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PRODUCTION

The production of bio-diesel or alkyl esters is well


known. There are three basic routes to ester
production from oils and fats:
 Base catalyzed transesterification of the oil with alcohol(
like methanol).
 Direct acid catalyzed esterification of the oil with
methanol.
 Conversion of the oil to fatty acids, then to alkyl esters
with acid catalysis.

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PRODUCTION PROCESS

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BIO-DIESEL IMPACT

 This will reduce import


burden to save
substantial foreign
exchange enabling our
country to strengthen
infrastructure facilities
with increased GDP and
reduced dependency on
OPEC countries for self
reliance in petroleum
requirement.

PURE BIO-DIESEL

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BIO-DIESEL IMPACT

 The investment in the sector would give to boost to


supporting and ancillary rural based industries.
 It would generate employment of about 6-8 million
unemployment people including tribal & women farmers.
 This will improve the ecological balance by covering
wasteland and reduce the hazardous emissions.

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