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TACS Second Generation Digital Systems • Enhanced Capacity • CDMA. EDGE Third Generation Systems • “INTERNET” on Wireless • WiFi/HyperLAN <-> WiMAX/HyperWAN <-> CDMA2000/WCDMA • Evolution to All IP Network including VoIP .Where are We?      Classic Wireline MaBell Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) • US Universal coverage achieved early 1980’s “Wireless” First Generation Analog Systems • Speech • AMPS.5 Generation Systems • Low Speed Data • GPRS. DECT. TDMA. PDC 2. GSM. D-AMPS.

an improvement over 2G (Second Generation) providing wireless access to the data and information to the users from anywhere and anytime. It is the latest mobile technology and in fact it is described by Cellular (2004) as being a generic name for the most of mobile technologies. . It is also known as UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System).What is 3G?  3G (Third Generation) is the latest wireless technology.

sports  Enhanced gaming.Why 3G?  Higher bandwidth enables a range of new applications!!  For the consumer  Video streaming. TV broadcast  Video calls. chat. music. video clips – news. location services…  For business  High speed teleworking / VPN access  Sales force automation  Video conferencing  Real-time financial information .

GPRS Inefficient -> ties up resources.GSM Evolution to 3G High Speed Circuit Switched Data Dedicate up to 4 timeslots for data connection ~ 50 kbps Good for real-time applications c. even when nothing sent Not as popular as GPRS (many skipping HSCSD) Enhanced Data Rates for Global HSCSD Evolution Uses 8PSK modulation 3x improvement in data rate on short distances Can fall back to GMSK for greater GSM GPRS distances WCDMA Combine with GPRS (EGPRS) ~ 384 kbps General Packet Radio Services Can also be combined with HSCSD Data rates up to ~ 115 kbps EDGE Max: 8 timeslots used as any one time Packet switched. Efficient. resources not tied up all the time Contention based.6kbps (one tmeslot) GSM Data Also called CSD . but variable delays GSM / GPRS core network re-used by WCDMA GSM 9.w.

Provides packet network on dedicated GSM radio channels GPRS overlays a packet-switched architecture on existing GSM network architecture . Supports multi user network sharing of individual radio channels and time slots. faxes and asymmetric web browsing.GPRS  General Packet Radio Service      Packet based Data Network Well suited for non-real time internet usage including retrieval of email.

2kbps User data rate per time slot – 59.6kbps EDGE access develops to connect to 3G core .2kbps (MCS9) User data rate (8 time slots) – 473.EDGE • EDGE Enhanced Data Rates for Global Evolution – – – – – – – EDGE is add-on to GPRS Uses 8-PSK modulation in good conditions Modulation Bit rate – 810kbps Radio data rate per time slot – 69.

How 3G works? .

2G networks are digital and 3G (third-generation) technology is used to enhance mobile phone standards. exchanging e-mail. 3G helps to simultaneously transfer both voice data (a telephone call) and non-voice data (such as downloading information. .How is 3G different from 2G? While 2G stands for second-generation wireless telephone technology. and instant messaging. The highlight of 3G is video telephony. 1G networks used are analog.

5G 3G Speed Time to Download 3Min Mp3 song     11sec-1.Send/receive large email messages .5min   .41 Min Phone calls/fax .TV streaming .Voice mail -Send/receive large email messages .Electronic agenda meeting reminder. Receive Simple Email Messages 31.Features of Various Services Services Features 2G Phone Calls.New updates 64-144kb/sec 6-9min Phone calls/fax . 144kb/sec2mb/sec 2.Web browsings Navigation/maps .High-speed Web Navigation/maps Videoconferencing . Voice 10kb/sec Mail.Global roaming .

images. sounds.Key Mobility Services  Multimedia Messaging Services (MMS) – Text. and video – Transition from Short Message Service (SMS) – Open Internet standards for messaging  Web Applications – Information portals – Wireless Markup Language (WML) with signals using Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)  Location Communications Services – Location Awareness Based  Personalization of information presentation format – Service capability negotiations (MExE environment) .

Applications of 3G       Wide-area wireless voice telephone Video calls wireless data. High speed access to internet. and all in a mobile environment. 3G allows simultaneous use of speech and data services and that to at Higher rates .

enabling migration from a 2G deployment. Support of evolutionary technologies such as adaptive antenna arrays and multi-user detection. Support of asynchronous inter-base-station operation. faster internet access.Advantages of 3G           Perform all those functions that they perform at present with their mobile devices but at much higher speed than before. Can avail the benefits of video calling. Improved performance over 2G Improved coverage. including hierarchical cell structure and hot-spot scenarios. Provides them with faster connectivity. Efficient support of different deployment scenarios. Support of a wide range of services with maximum bit rates above 2 Mbps and the possibility for multiple parallel services on one connection. Provide with the data transmission speed of up to 2Mbps when the users are using the phone on stationary mode. . and music entertainment with improved quality.

which makes investment in 3G difficult • Lack of state support for financially troubled operators • Demand for high speed services in a hand-held device .Disadvantages of 3G • Expensive input fees for the 3G service licenses in some jurisdictions • Differences in licensing terms between states • Level of debt incurred by some telecommunication companies.

Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) is the protocol which maintains several data streams within a single connection. Samsung.Future Scope       The good news for mobile users is that now 3G has been uploaded in all the latest handsets from the leading manufacturers including Sony Ericsson. LG. Integrated LAN card and Subscriber Identity Modules (SIMs) . wireless. 4G system is the next Generation of 3G system. 4G has Seamless mobility (roaming) roam freely from one standard to another. In addition. a new technology called HSDPA has been upgraded with the 3G system which works faster than 3G. and IP worlds. Very high bit rate services and Convergence of wirleine. 4G has New Air Interface. Nokia and Motorola.