You are on page 1of 20

Fbrica de Cimento do Kwanza-Sul

REFERENCE SITUATION
Existence of a neutron source with the characteristics:
Tritium in H-3 form
Contains up to 185 GBq (5 Ci) of tritium
Produces 14 MeV neutrons controlled and limited to 5x107 neutrons

per second
Lifetime between 4000 to 8000 working hours

Ignorance the need of Licensing

RADIATION PROTECTION REGULATION


Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


ARTICLE 1. (Objectives)
The protection of people against the exposition to ionizing

radiation, the safety of radioactive sources, denominated


"sources", the management of radioactive waste and
environments protection, is mentioned as "radiation safety"
or "radiation protection".
Preventing unauthorized access and/or transfer, damage,

loss or theft of radioactive sources, in order to reduce the


likelihood of accidental exposure.

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Article 13. (Exemption for certain sources or practices)
Exemption from notification, registration or license of radioactive

material which activity of certain nuclide contained in a mass equal


or less than 1000 kg not exceed exemption levels of Annex VII.

Annex VII:
Clearance levels for nuclide tritium:
Concentration of activity (Bq/g): 1.00e+06
Activity (Bq): 1.00e+09

CONCLUSION:

THE SOURCE EXISTING IN THE PLANT IS NOT EXEMPT!

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Article 12. (Requirements for Notification)
Any responsible of a practice or possessing a radioactive source

shall submit a notification to AREA (Regulatory Authority of Atomic


Energy)
Sources and practices that only require notification are specified in

Annex VII.
Annex III specifies the information to be provided in the notification.

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Article 14. (Requirement for authorization of registration

or license)
The authorization may take the form of registration or license.
License: when AREA says there is no need of registration.

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Article 16. (Duty to inform the Regulatory Authority of

Atomic Energy
Notify AREA, within 24 hours after an accident or incident that has

the potential to result in serious damage.


Submit to AREA a written report indicating the causes and include

information about doses, corrective measures and any other


relevant information.

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Article 20. (Dose limiting)
Refers to Annex IV.

Annex IV: I. Limit of occupational doses


Control exposure to not exceed the following limits:
An effective dose of 20 mSv per year as average calculated for five

consecutive years and must not exceed 100 mSv in these five years.
An effective dose of 50 mSv in a single year.
An equivalent dose to eyes lens of 150 mSv in a year and,
An equivalent dose of 500 mSv in a year to the extremities (hands and feet)

or skin.

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Article 28. (Radiation protection officers and expertes in

radiation safety)
Use qualified experts in radiation safety.
Can be proposed to use an official of radiation protection in place

of a qualified expert

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Article 31. (Inventories and records)
Mantain archive of:
Monitoring and verifications results
Inventories of sources and radioactive waste
Sources transfers
Radiations monitoring
Testing of security systems instruments
Calibrations and,
Other verifications.

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Article 31. (Inventories and records)
The registration of an individual radioactive source should include:

Sources location.
The radionuclide.
The radioactivity on the specified date.
The serial number or unique identifier.
The physical and chemical form.
The sources use history, registry of movements.
Sources receipt, transfer or storage.
Any other information necessary to locate and identify the source.

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Annex VI: Categorization of radioactive sources
Example:

Radionuclide

D-Value
(TBq)

D1-Value
(TBq)

D2-Value
(TBq)

H-3

2.E+03

ULb

2.E+03

Sources category 1: A/D > 1000

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Article 62. (Importation
categories 1 and 2)

of

radioactive

Request AREAs authorization for its importation


The authorization request must include:

Exporters name
Exporters location, address and type of business
Receivers name
Receivers location
Radioactivity and revelant radionuclides
Source(s) use, if appropriate
Sources safe management details

sources

of

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Annex II: Charging fees for practices
Industrial probe of high voltage/activity
Use permit

500.000.00 annual

Importations authorization
(activity not superior to 5 Ci)

250.000.00 by equipment

Facilitiess register

500.000.00 bi-annual

Authorization to transfer Ray-X units (what


transfer and the receiver)

250.000.00 by equipment

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro


Annex IX: type of offenses and fines

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro

Decreto Presidencial n. 12/12, 25 janeiro